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2013/4 rebellion

Date Snippet Page
2014/06/15 A US report is released which finds that GRSS has ‘not demonstrated any will or capacity’ to investigate atrocities or hold perpetrators accountable. It recommends (among other things) a new internationally-driven investigation mechanism. See Biblio item on ‘Assessment of Justice, Accountability and Reconciliation Measures in South Sudan'. The report's conclusions are broadly endorsed by a US State Department official. Snippet: A US report is released which finds that GRSS has ‘not demonstrated ....
2014/06/26 An interim report is submitted by the AU Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan. It was originally due to have made a final report by now, but it requests an extension due to various practical problems and delays, and the perceived need for inclusive consultations. Meanwhile it reserves any conclusive and definitive pronouncement on the question of criminal accountability. Snippet: An interim report is submitted by the AU Commission of Inquiry on Sout....
2014/06 A large consignment of weapons is shipped by Norinco (a Chinese company) to GRSS. Snippet: A large consignment of weapons is shipped by Norinco (a Chinese compan....
2014/07/07 Security forces confiscate the daily print run of the Citizen newspaper. Editor Nhial Bol Aken believes this is partly because it included a discussion of federalism, and partly because he refused a request to report to security offices, bringing others with him. Snippet: Security forces confiscate the daily print run of the Citizen newspape....
2014/07/01 to 2014/07/04 Riek Machar and a delegation from SPLM-IO visit South Africa, where Riek has a meeting with President Zuma. Snippet: Riek Machar and a delegation from SPLM-IO visit South Africa, where Ri....
2014/07/04 Jonglei state has cancelled its agreement with OCHA, the UN's humanitarian coordination agency, over dispute about relative quantities of food distributed in government- and rebel-held areas, says the state's information minister. Snippet: Jonglei state has cancelled its agreement with OCHA, the UN's hum....
2014/07/02 The National Security Service confiscates the day’s print run of the Juba Monitor newspaper, apparently because it is covering the debate over federalism. However, the Presidential Spokesman and the Information Minister had reasserted that media were free to cover the issue of federalism. Snippet: The National Security Service confiscates the day’s print run of the....
2014/06/16 GRSS and SPLM-IO both boycott a scheduled session of peace talks: SPLM-IO because it was unhappy about the IGAD mediators' method of selecting non-combatant participants; GRSS because the IGAD Executive Secretary called both sides 'stupid' for believing a military solution was possible. Snippet: GRSS and SPLM-IO both boycott a scheduled session of peace talks: SPLM....
2014/05/31 Emergency schooling during the crisis since December 2013 has reached about 110,000 children. But many schools suffer from gross overcrowding, and the target was over 200,000 children. As of 31st May, the education section of the Consolidated Appeal had only been 32% funded. Snippet: Emergency schooling during the crisis since December 2013 has reached ....
2014/06 Eden money transfer business has been hard hit by lack of business following widespread non-payment of government salaries during the recent civil conflict. Snippet: Eden money transfer business has been hard hit by lack of business fol....
2014/06 More than a thousand SPLA soldiers desert their posts in Jonglei apparently as a result of non-payment of wages for as much as much as six months. Snippet: More than a thousand SPLA soldiers desert their posts in Jonglei appar....
2014/06/06 to 2014/06/07 IGAD organizes a ‘multi-stakeholder symposium’ in Addis Ababa ‘to initiate an inclusive phase of the peace process in South Sudan’. The event includes opposition, political parties, faith-based groups and civil society organizations. Snippet: IGAD organizes a ‘multi-stakeholder symposium’ in Addis Ababa ‘t....
2014/06 Shortage of judges in WES results in long detention for many suspects before they can be tried. The shortage is partly because many judges took leave when the national rebellion started in December 2013 and have not yet returned. Snippet: Shortage of judges in WES results in long detention for many suspects ....
2014/05/30 Riek Machar, leader of the rebel SPLM-IO, says he is not in full control of his troops. ‘I can’t say I control them, but we are hoping we can control them because we are training them and we are disciplining them,’ he says, in an interview in Nairobi with AFP. Snippet: Riek Machar, leader of the rebel SPLM-IO, says he is not in full contr....
2014/05/31 to 2014/06/01 Hilde F. Johnson confirms that she will leave the post of Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General on 8th July, having completed three years in the post. The timing is also related to personal factors and the recent change in mandate of UNMISS. She insists not only that this is not bending to the recent GRSS-backed campaign against her and the UN, but that she would have carried on if the campaign had continued. Snippet: Hilde F. Johnson confirms that she will leave the post of Special Repr....
2014/05/28 Rebel leader Riek Machar meets the President of Kenya in Nairobi, discussing the IGAD peace mechanisms. Snippet: Rebel leader Riek Machar meets the President of Kenya in Nairobi, disc....
2014/05/27 SPLA soldiers in Maban County have been divided into different camps, based on ethnicity. This is reportedly due to an order from the high command. Snippet: SPLA soldiers in Maban County have been divided into different camps, ....
2014/05/27 The UN Security Council renews the mandate of UNMISS (up to 30 November) and requests a sharper focus on protection of civilians, monitoring and investigation of human rights, and support for humanitarian assistance and ceasefire arrangements. Snippet: The UN Security Council renews the mandate of UNMISS (up to 30 Novembe....
2014/03 to 2014/05 Refugees in Maban County (Upper Nile) camps receive only 37 days worth of rations within a 90 day period. At least 2,000 of the 126,000 are forced to return to Sudan because of food shortages. The World Food Programme has the role of delivering the food. With the road from Gambella (Ethiopia) almost unusable in the rainy season, it has organized some airlifts and airdrops, but is also pursuing the cheaper alternative of barge transportation. Snippet: Refugees in Maban County (Upper Nile) camps receive only 37 days worth....
2014/05/20 A donor conference in Oslo on the crisis in South Sudan initially mobilizes USD 600 million in new pledges. Snippet: A donor conference in Oslo on the crisis in South Sudan initially mobi....
2014/05/15 The GRSS Information Minister claims that the US is waging a proxy war against the government in order to gain control of South Sudan's oil, according to a report in The Standard (Nairobi). He says that Riek Machar and his group have promised when in power to help the Americans gain oil concessions, and suggests that US pressure made IGAD mediators propose the interim government plan which President Kiir signed. Snippet: The GRSS Information Minister claims that the US is waging a proxy war....
2014/05/16 In his SPLA Day address to the nation President Kiir says that nobody who murdered can claim that it was to support him or the government. They must be identified by the Human Rights Abuses Investigation Committee and sentenced to death. Snippet: In his SPLA Day address to the nation President Kiir says that nobody ....
2015/05/15 ICRC announces a USD 127 million relief operation, air-dropping food, seed and other items into remote locations. Snippet: ICRC announces a USD 127 million relief operation, air-dropping food, ....
2014/05/15 A cholera outbreak is declared in Juba, apparently originating in an IDP camp, but already spread to 11 residential areas. Snippet: A cholera outbreak is declared in Juba, apparently originating in an I....
2014/05/13 The general election due in 2015 will be postponed until 2017, announces President Kiir. This, he says, is to allow time for national reconciliation and the creation of a permanent constitution under a transitional government, following preliminary agreements to end the current rebellion/civil war. Snippet: The general election due in 2015 will be postponed until 2017, announc....
2014/05/13 60 international NGOs sign a public statement mainly urging donors for more emergency funding (through the forthcoming Oslo conference), but also recommending diplomatic support for protection of aid agencies, shift of funds from state-building to community service provision by national agencies, strengthened peace process and ceasefire enforcement, more emphasis on protection in the UNMISS mandate, control of arms flows to South Sudan, and accountability for violence. Snippet: 60 international NGOs sign a public statement mainly urging donors for....
2014/05/11 GRSS and SPLM/A-IO both accuse the other of violating the ceasefire signed between Kiir and Machar on 9 May. An unnamed UN official confirms shooting near Bentiu. Snippet: GRSS and SPLM/A-IO both accuse the other of violating the ceasefire si....
2013/12 to 2014/05 Peter Adwok Nyaba, former Minister for Higher Education, was arrested shortly after the alleged coup attempt of December 2013, and remained under house arrest without being charged as of May 2014. Snippet: Peter Adwok Nyaba, former Minister for Higher Education, was arrested ....
2014/05 1.3 million people are at the last stage of food insecurity before famine, according to the South Sudan Integrated Phase Classification Technical Working Group (SS IPC TWG), representing a consortium of major food security agencies. An additional 2.4 million are at 'crisis' level and a further 3.2 million 'acutely food insecure'. Famine is not declared yet, but urgent action is needed to prevent it. Snippet: 1.3 million people are at the last stage of food insecurity before fam....
2014/05/09 Salva Kiir and Riek Machar sign a peace agreement in Addis Ababa. The agreement (proposed in outline by mediators from the Government of Ethiopia on behalf of IGAD and negotiated in detail by shuttling between the two leaders) involves a truce to take place within 24 hours, and the formation of a 'government of national unity'. It also pledges respect for humanitarian corridors and the UN. The Prime Minister of Ethiopia and the US State Secretary both call it a 'breakthrough' in the peace process. Snippet: Salva Kiir and Riek Machar sign a peace agreement in Addis Ababa. The ....
2014/05/08 Sudan is neutral in South Sudan's internal conflict, and has put its disputes with RSS on hold, according to an advisor to Sudan's president. Snippet: Sudan is neutral in South Sudan's internal co....
2014/05/08 There is severe food shortage in Bentiu, as traders have been killed, and the airport and roads closed due to the conflict, says Unity State's Minister of Information. Snippet: There is severe food shortage in Bentiu, as trader....
2014/05/07 Kenya President Kenyatta receives the four politicians who were inconclusively tried for coup plotting: Pagan Amum, Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth, Majak D'Agoot and Oyay Deng. The four are expected to participate in the peace talks in Ethiopia. Snippet: Kenya President Kenyatta receives the four politic....
2014/05/08 UNMISS releases a landmark report on atrocities during the 2013/4 rebellion, which contends not only that war crimes have taken place but that these are systematic enough to indicate crimes against humanity. It recommends that if GRSS continues not to provide an adequate system of legal accountability then the international community should set up a hybrid or special tribunal. Snippet: UNMISS releases a landmark report on atrocities du....
2014/05/07 Food rations in refugee camps in Maban County (Upper Nile) are inadequate. UNHCR and WFP blames the fighting between GRSS and rebels for insecurity which hinders the transportation of supplies. Snippet: Food rations in refugee camps in Maban County (Upp....
2014/05/04 to 2014/05/07 At least 11,000 people cross to Ethiopia as refugees in three days following the SPLA's capture of Nasir from the SPLM/A-IO rebels, according to UNHCR. Snippet: At least 11,000 people cross to Ethiopia as refuge....
2014/05/06 US State Secretary Kerry ‘condemns in the strongest terms' GRSS offensives in Bentiu, Nasir and other places shortly after he had received a personal assurance from President Kiir on implementing the 23 Jan Cessation of Hostilities Agreement. Snippet: US State Secretary Kerry ‘condemns in the strong....
2014/05/06 UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon meets President Kiir in Juba. A GRSS press release states that Kiir commended the role played by Hilde Johnson as head of UNMISS and that GRSS is committed to the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement and the humanitarian Month of Tranquility in May. A 'top aide' of Kiir also says that Kiir agreed to the idea of forming an interim administration with Riek Machar and others, according to Sudan Tribune. Snippet: UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon meets President K....
2014/05/06 The US Treasury Department imposes sanctions on generals Marial Chanuong and Peter Gatdet Yak. Marial is the commander of the presidential guards, seen as responsible for ethnic killings of Nuer people in Juba on 15-18th December. Gatdet is the former commander of the SPLA 8th Division, whose mutiny and attack on Bor on 18th December apparently involved ethnic killings of Dinka people, as did the rebel attack on Bentiu in April, which he is thought to have led. The sanctions freeze any US assets of the two generals and stop US companies and citizens doing business with them. Snippet: The US Treasury Department imposes sanctions on ge....
2014/05/05 A renewed commitment to allow free movement of persons and goods - especially humanitarian aid - is signed by representatives of GRSS (Nhial Deng Nhial) and SPLM/A-IO (Taban Deng). This had already basically been included in the 23rd January Cessation of Hostilities Agreement which has largely broken down. The new document more specifically includes a commitment to 'consider one month of tranquility from 7 May to 7 June' to allow cultivation and movement of aid and displaced people. Snippet: A renewed commitment to allow free movement of per....
2014/05/04 SPLA recaptures Nasir and Bentiu, and repulses a rebel attack on Renk. Amid diplomatic pressure to implement the 23 January Cessation of Hostilities Agreement, the presidency claims that the SPLA marched into the towns after they had been deserted by the rebel forces. However, other reports had spoken of heavy fighting. Snippet: SPLA recaptures Nasir and Bentiu, and repulses a r....
2014/05/03 Salva Kiir and Riek Machar both showed lack of concern about the risk of famine, while prioritizing their personal power struggles, says the UN Human Rights Commissioner, reporting to a meeting of the Security Council after visiting both leaders in South Sudan. She warned the leaders that investigations will examine how far they and their colleagues 'either knew, should have known, or failed to take all necessary and reasonable measures to prevent war crimes and crimes against humanity'. She points out that UNMISS still lacks agreed funds and personnel which are 'desperately needed'. Snippet: Salva Kiir and Riek Machar both showed lack of con....
2014/05/01 US State Secretary Kerry says he sees risks of both genocide and famine in South Sudan, and was 'frankly disappointed' by the responses of Salva Kiir and Riek Machar when he discussed these matters with them. Snippet: US State Secretary Kerry says he sees risks of bot....
2014/04/30 Ann Itto, acting Secretary-General of the SPLM, apparently takes a position contrary to President Kiir, in welcoming possible US sanctions targeted against individual wrongdoers, and not seeing this as sanctions against South Sudan. Snippet: Ann Itto, acting Secretary-General of the SPLM, ap....
2014/04/30 The National Crisis Management Committee is blamed by the NBGS Education Minister for still blocking payment of teachers' February salaries, leading to stoppages of schooling in the state. Snippet
2014/04/29 Riek Machar recently received a delegation of African, US, British, Norwegian, UN and IGAD envoys at his base in the field. Some are trying to arrange a face-to-face meeting between him and President Kiir. Snippet
2014/04/29 The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Special Envoy for the Prevention of Genocide meet rebel leader Riek Machar and receive assurances that he is investigating human rights violations among his forces, and is concerned about protection of civilians. But they seem to hint that the pressure of accountability for human rights violations will be reduced if peace is achieved. Snippet
2014/04/26 President Kenyatta of Kenya makes a strong statement on the need of regional nations to put a stop to atrocities and the possibility of genocide in South Sudan. Snippet
2014/04/27 The acting governor of Lakes State, Matur Chut, urges youth to join the military, saying the country needs them for protection using the principle of 'an eye for an eye'. Snippet
2014/04/28 James Hoth Mai, recently sacked as SPLA General Chief of Staff, says the great majority of SPLA soldiers are illiterate and have tribal loyalty to former commanders or warlords who recruited them, and this is a cause of the current crisis. He also says he does not feel bad about being removed from the post, as he was under pressure, blamed by both Dinka and Nuer for being against them. Snippet
2014/04/26 to 2014/04/27 A large defection of SPLA soldiers in Wau leads to fighting, and also to panic especially among Nuer citizens. The state government seeks to avert ethnic violence by mounting joint patrols. But about 700 flee to the UNMISS camp. One of the defecting generals explains that the action came because Nuer soldiers felt under threat from their Dinka colleagues especially after the recent defections and fighting in Mapel. Snippet 1874
2014/04/27 Dinka youth in the northern part of Upper Nile State have reportedly been mobilized on behalf of GRSS to help defend the Paloich oilfields. Snippet
2014/04/25 SPLM-in-Opposition claims its forces killed 69 JEM fighters and captured 14 landcruisers in JEM colours in Unity State. JEM denies it had any forces there. Snippet
2014/04/26 The CPJ (Citizens for Peace and Justice) calls on both GRSS and rebels to publicly denounce the crimes committed by their own forces, and hold the perpetrators accountable. It also calls for adherence to January's Cessation of Hostilities agreement, admission of civil society representatives to the IGAD-facilitated negotiations, and free secure access for the AU Commission of Inquiry. Snippet
2014/04/25 The special court trying four alleged coup-plotters agrees to stay the case on the request of the Justice Ministry 'in order to promote peace and reconciliation among our people'. Pagan Amum says the four will now work on making national peace. Presidential spokesman says the rebels can no longer demand realease of the four as a precondition of talks. President Kiir says the four are now 'free like any citizen in South Sudan'. But he also orders that they should not leave the country, saying that they are needed for reconciliation, and that the case against them is stayed but not cancelled. Snippet 1865
2014/04/23 SPLM-DC Chairman, Lam Akol, in Juba, urges youth not to allow themselves to be exploited for others' political and military ambitions. Snippet
2014/04/22 The UK Foreign Office Minister for Africa states that 'those in positions of influence in South Sudan' will be held accountable for atrocities if they incite them. Snippet
2014/04/23 Leer and Mayom Counties of Unity State have fallen under the control of rebels, admits Information Minister Michael Makuei. He blames traitors within the SPLA, and asserts that the key towns will be recaptured within 24 hours. Snippet
2014/04/23 Information Minister Michael Makuei alleges that people were turned away from shelter in the UN base during the rebel capture of Bentiu the previous week; an allegation which is rebutted by UNMISS. Snippet
2014/04/23 to 2014/04/26 A meeting is held between members of the SPLM Political Bureau, including four loyalists of Salva Kiir and four from the 'SPLM 7' former detainees. They are faciliated by the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) and African National Congress (ANC) of South Africa. Riek Machar and members of his negotiating team are invited to participate but decline saying that the problems 'have become a national issue'. Nevertheless the participants claim success in setting objectives, agenda and rules of engagement for a formal meeting of the Political Bureau. Snippet 1855
2014/04/21 UNMISS in Unity State (which now shelters 22,000 in its protection site) urgently needs reinforcements, but the Ghanaian battalion assigned there still has not arrived. Snippet
2014/04 Following the rebel capture of Bentiu town in mid-April, some SPLM-in-Opposition commanders broadcast ethnic hate-speech, and call for vengeful sexual violence against women based on their ethnicity. (Others call for reconciliation.) Snippet 1840
2014/04/15 to 2014/04/16 Over 200 civilians were murdered in Kali-Ballee Mosque and other places when rebels linked to SPLM-in-Opposition captured Bentiu, according to UNMISS investigations. The murder involved separation of different categories of people, largely on ethnic lines, but also targeting people who failed to show allegiance to the rebels. The UN vows that the killings will further investigate the atrocities and that 'perpetrators and their commanders shall be held accountable'. UNMISS managed to extract some other hundreds of people from the situation. Snippet 1839
2014/04/17 The recent fall of Bentiu is blamed by a top military officer contacted by Sudan Tribune on lack of ammunition, and the failure of people 'close to the president' to arrange timely funding for an air flight of new supplies. Snippet
2014/04/17 At least 58 people are killed when local youth invade the UN compound and begin shooting at people sheltered there. UN peacekeepers fight back. There are reports that the attack was triggered when camp residents celebrated the fall of Bentiu to rebel forces. Snippet 1824
2014/04/17 President Kiir orders the Ministers of Interior, Defense and National Security to remove illegal checkpoints on major roads, especially in order to facilitate humanitarian aid. Snippet
2014/04/15 Sudan criticizes IGAD mediators approach to the talks between South Sudan and rebels. It suggests they are following the agenda of Western countries in trying to impose an interim government. It says the talks should involve other parties and civil society, and that Sudan would be well placed to make the proposals. Snippet
2014/04/15 Employees of Safinat Caspian Oil Refining Company, building a refinery about 25km from Bentiu, come under attack (presumably by rebel forces) are extracted by UN peacekeepers to Bentiu. Five of them are wounded, two critically. Snippet
2014/04/14 SPLM-in-Opposition again captures Bentiu, the capital of Unity State, three months after GRSS forces captured it. Snippet
2014/04/12 A Call for Action on South Sudan is issued by representatives of the USA, EU and UN, meeting in Washington DC. It says the next three months are critical for averting a famine which could affect seven million people. It urges donors to provide USD 232m for the next three months. It also urges the warring parties to stop fighting and to respect international law. Snippet
2014/04/10 Presidency minister Awan Riak meets US Secretary of State John Kerry in Washington. A USG press release describes the discussion as 'frank'. Kerry is brash, saying the US 'will not stand by while the hopes of a nation are held hostage to short-sighted and destructive actors'. Snippet
2014/04 IGAD ceasefire monitors begin work in Bor on 1st April and Bentiu on 5th April. They are expected to start in Malakal on 15th April. Snippet
2014/04/09 January and February salaries have still not been paid to employees of Upper Nile State government, due to insecurity in the aftermath of the rebellion. Snippet
2013/11 1,851 students sit the South Sudan School Certificate Exams in November 2013. The pass rate is 65%. Church-aided schools perform better than government and private schools. There are no results for two schools whose exam papers were destroyed in events of the rebellion. Results are withheld for three schools where cheating was suspected. Snippet
2014/04/11 Jonglei State Governor acknowledges that looters in Bor town during the recent crises included civilians and GRSS forces. He asks police to arrest suspects. Snippet
2014/04 Equity Bank lays off more than 20 staff because rebellion-related insecurity has destroyed some of its branches and disrupted work in others. Snippet 1770
2014/04/07 IGAD mediators drop their demand that the 'SPLM 7' group be included in the main peace talks with GRSS and Riek Machar's rebels. Their inclusion had been a stumbling-block for GRSS participation. IGAD and the Government of Ethiopia sidestepped the problem by creating a separate process for extra internal dialogue in the SPLM. Snippet
2014/04/04 Vice-President Wani Igga asserts that the government's peace negotiations with rebels will end with a general amnesty. Snippet
2014/03 People sheltering in the UN camp in Bor (and other places) lack access to secondary health care because it is unsafe for them to go to nearby government hospitals, and aid agencies lack the funding to provide this kind of care. Snippet
2014/04/03 US President Obama signs an order opening the way for freezing the US assets of South Sudanese individuals deemed responsible for human rights abuses, attacks on UN peacekeepers or obstructing the peace process. Snippet 1739
2014/04/03 UNHCR is in disagreement with Sudan over the status of South Sudanese who have fled there during the recent crisis of rebellion. Khartoum says they are considered as Sudanese citizens, not refugees. UNHCR wants them labelled as refugees (and perhaps given camps to live in) largely to enable it to raise funds for them and supply aid and protection. Snippet 1738
2014/04/01 Peace talks between GRSS and rebels have reportedly stalled, due to GRSS refusal to meet the demand of IGAD mediators to include the group of seven dissident SPLM leaders in the talks. The IGAD mediators are reportedly adjourning the talks until 30 April in order to consult with IGAD heads of state. Snippet
2014/04/01 In the trial of four treason suspects, interior Minister Aleu Ayieny is dropped as a prosecution witness after failing four times to appear before the court. Snippet
2014/04/01 Civil servants' salaries for February will be paid shortly, according to the chairman of national salary committee. They have been delayed due to the rebellion crisis. People absent from work will not be paid. Snippet
2014/03/29 The Government of Ethiopia seems to be trying to stop the country being used as a route for South Sudanese to travel to rebel-held areas. Snippet
2014/03/27 UN OCHA says over a million people have fled their homes since mid-December: about 250,000 to neighbouring countries and 800,000 internally displaced. The UN has requested USD 1.3bn emergency funding before June 2014, of which only USD 315m has so far been met. Snippet
2014/03/25 IGAD-brokered peace process between GRSS and rebels resumes in Addis Ababa. IGAD press release deplores 'flagrant breach of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement by the Parties' and urges the International Community to put pressure on them to stop the war. Also calls for humanitarian access. Snippet
2014/03/22 to 2014/03/26 Sudan Tribune (ST) reports a press statement from one Wani Tombe Lako, claiming to represent an umbrella organization of political parties, NGOs and others called GRECOR (Greater Equatoria Council of Rights). ST says that Wani is a resident of Khartoum but GRECOR has an office in Juba. The statement says GRECOR is joining Riek Machar's negotiating team, as his rebellion promotes governance reforms needed by Equatorians. ST reports that some Equatorians agree with this, but others (including WES Governor Bakosoro) do not. Snippet
2014/03/23 A defence cooperation deal is reportedly signed with Egypt, when Defence Minister Kuol Manyang leads a delegation to Cairo: a deal which seems to open a prospect of Egyptian military aid. But Foreign Affairs Minister Marial later seems to dismiss a military aspect of the trip, saying it was mainly about receiving Egypt's assurance of diplomatic support for the elected government, and offering South Sudan's help for Egypt to resolve its dispute with Ethiopia over Nile waters. Snippet 1682
2014/03/20 52 member of the US Congress sign a letter to State Secretary John Kerry urging US pressure and assistance in establishing hybrid courts to try perpetrators of gross human rights abuses in South Sudan. They also urge resumption of USAID work, particularly in supporing food security in order to avert famine. Snippet
2014/03/19 Representatives of the Troika group (US, UK and Norway) and EU make clear they will support IGAD mediators in rejecting GRSS demands to exclude from the peace process the seven formerly-detained alleged coup-plotters. To back this up they are prepared to impose measures against individuals in the government or other negotiating parties who are deemed to be undermining the talks. Snippet 1673
2014/03/19 The chair of the South Sudan Human Rights Commission says it has presented a report on abuses during the recent rebellion to the National Legislative Assembly for action. Snippet
2014/03/19 The SPLA recaptures Malakal from rebels. A rebel spokesperson says they will claim the oil fields in Upper Nile State, and resist the deployment of any IGAD force sent to defend the infrastructure. Snippet
2014/03/19 Peter Adwok Nyaba, who was detained like seven other suspected coup plotters in December, but released within a few days on account of his longstanding war injuries, remains unaware of whether a case is being made against him. Snippet
2014/03/18 The focus of UNMISS is being changed, the UN Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations tells the Security Council. Until the crisis of rebellion is resolved, UNMISS will no longer seek to help extend the authority of the state, but take five other priorities: 'protecting civilians; facilitating humanitarian assistance; monitoring and reporting on human rights; preventing further inter-communal violence; and supporting the IGAD process as and when requested, and within available capabilities'. He requests the Council to raise the number of UNMISS soldiers to 12,500. Snippet
2014/03/14 The Ugandan army says it will withdraw from South Sudan as soon as the IGAD stabilization force is in place. Snippet
2013/03 A UNHCR protection officer warns that mental health may be a big problem among people displaced by recent violence, particularly the unusually large numbers of adult males who fled to UN camps, and those who have witnessed atrocities and intimidation. Snippet
2014/03/17 The European Union (Foreign Affairs Council) discusses the crisis in South Sudan. Among its conclusions it expresses alarm at a 'significant risk of famine', it encourages further investigations into the causes of the conflict and the perpetrators of crimes, and says it 'stands ready to consider targeted restrictive measures against individuals obstructing the political process'. Snippet
2014/03 Four exiled opposition parties agree to form a combined bloc for taking part in national peace negotiations, under the leadership of Biel Torkech Rambang. Snippet
2014/03/13 Transportation of aid supplies is suffering from “increased levels of harassment and irregular fees and taxes" according to OCHA. This seems to be linked to a general increase in tensions between the UN and GRSS in the context of the rebellion crisis. Snippet 1625

Pages

Reference Mini-review
Jérôme Tubiana, 2014/07/14. Bibliography item: Jérôme Tubiana (2014/07/14) "Civil Society and the South Sudan Crisis". (Article). International Crisis Group. [Article] International Crisis Group. Accessed online.

A 2,000-word article, which examines the problem of including civil society in current peace talks between GRSS and rebels in Addis Ababa. It sees such involvement as essential; civil society voice should not be left to a later dialogue/reconciliation process. But it argues that 'civil society' should mean more than organizations which are often influenced by donor funders and by ethnic politics. There should be: more emphasis on community and religious leaders; many representatives, to reduce risks of imbalance; and sensitivity to security risks arising for civil society representatives.

Mapuor Malual Manguen, 2014/07/14. Bibliography item: Mapuor Malual Manguen (2014/07/14) "The Conspiracy behind South Sudanese Mysterious peace Talks". (Article). PaanLuel Wël. [Article] PaanLuel Wël. Accessed online.

Surmises that the slow progress of peace talks reflects a lack of interest by neighbours (Sudan, the AU, IGAD) in peace. The mediation approach seems complicated deliberately to make things move slowly.

Juma Mabor Marial, 2014/07/08. Bibliography item: Juma Mabor Marial (2014/07/08) "IGAD and International Community (TRIOKA) are not doing enough to end Conflict in South Sudan". (Article). South Sudan News Agency. [Article] South Sudan News Agency. Accessed online.

The title of this 2,400-word article is a little misleading. The author rather argues that the Troika countries (USA, UK and Norway) through the IGAD mediators are intruding too much in the Addis Ababa peace talks. It articulates the view that they are trying to impose a substantive outcome through their insistence on the involvement of third-party stakeholders such as dissident politicians and civil society groups. But too many civil society representatives turn out to be self-interested and covertly aligned. They should instead be involved in a post-agreement National Dialogue Conference.

Beny Gideon Mabor, 2014/07/04. Bibliography item: Beny Gideon Mabor (2014/07/04) "The dilemma of IGAD-led peace process for South Sudan". (Article). Sudan Tribune. [Article] Sudan Tribune. Accessed online.

In this short article, one of the representatives of civil society at the South Sudan peace process in Addis Ababa reflects on the slow progress and current suspension of the talks. He argues that some of the blame rests with IGAD's mediation, which 'wasted a lot of time in procedural aspects than on substantive issues'. He would like to see a new mediation strategy 'including mandating the IGAD Special Envoys with powers to decide on certain substantive matters'.

Daniel Akech Thiong, 2014/06/06. Bibliography item: Daniel Akech Thiong (2014/06/06) "Why SSP Gained Agains USD After Dec. 15, 2014". (Article). Gurtong. [Article] Gurtong. Accessed online.

Short article with interesting economic analysis. Plausibly argues that the main reason for the SSP's strength in the last six months is the non-payment of government salaries, particularly to soldiers who defected.

Harry Verhoeven, 2014/05/30. Bibliography item: Harry Verhoeven (2014/05/30) "South Sudan conflict destabilizes Ethiopia’s regional strategy". (Article). Radio Tamazuj. [Article] Radio Tamazuj. Accessed online.

This 1000-word article points out the special interest of Ethiopia in regional stability - an interest built on the potential for the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam to export power to neighbouring countries - and hence in South Sudan stability. In passing, it states that Uganda President Museveni consulted with the US (in the person of National Security Advisor Susan Rice) before sending its troops to help GRSS fight the rebels in December 2013.

Michael Medley, 2014/05/22. Bibliography item: Michael Medley (2014/05/22) "May Awakening: South Sudan famine raises memories of 1998". (Article). African Arguments. [Article] African Arguments. Accessed online.

This 2,700-word article examines similaries and differences between the 1998 Bahr al-Ghazal famine and the (prospective) famine in 2014. It draws attention to the tendency of political-military events to distract timely attention from likely humanitarian needs, but also for a humanitarian agenda to disguise political-military agendas, interests and outcomes. It warns of the difficulty of controlling the dynamics of camps and relief distributions, and the near-inevitability that much of the relief will be stolen by armed groups and other powerful local actors.

Lual Magok, 2014/05/20. Bibliography item: Lual Magok (2014/05/20) "What is Government Programme toward Citizens who Stranded in UNMISS Camps". (Article). Nyamilepedia. [Article] Nyamilepedia. Accessed online.

This 1,300-word article, based on informal research in UNMISS camps in Juba, looks at why Nuer people still refuse to leave the camps. Besides stronger assurance of physical security, they need ways of recovering the homes, possessions and jobs, many of which have been taken over by others. The article lists ten measures which GRSS must take in order to exercise its duty of care and protection.

Robert Young Pelton, 2014/05/12. Bibliography item: Robert Young Pelton (2014/05/12) "Saving South Sudan". (Article). Vice. [Article] Vice. Accessed online.

50,000-word article. Based on a daring journey to visit rebel commander Riek Machar and some of his military operations in the field, this long article is a compelling read. Riddled with statements which are simplistic, inaccurate or plain untrue (especially in matters of historical background), it is nevertheless an important contribution to knowledge of South Sudan, because of an insightful portrayal of Riek Machar and  an authentic depiction of horrors and farce around of one of captures of Malakal by the SPLM/A-IO and White Army.

Eric Reeves, 2014/05/11. Bibliography item: Eric Reeves (2014/05/11) "Cease-fire in South Sudan falters". (Article). Sudan Tribune. [Article] Sudan Tribune. Accessed online.

Short article in which Reeves contends that the ceasefire agreed by Salva Kiir and Riek Machar on 9th May is already falling apart, and 'never had a chance', due to the weakness of the monitoring bodies and failure of Western nations to strengthen them on time.

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Editorial blog, 17 April 2014

Leadership and looming hunger

Last Wednesday (16th April 2014) might go down as the day the government began its anti-famine campaign. For several weeks the voices of aid agencies have been joining in chorus, warning of a potentially devastating food crisis ahead. Around a million people have fled their homes since the civil war started in December. Homes, businesses and government offices have been destroyed and looted; salary payments and imports of food and other basic goods in many places stopped or disrupted. In the growing season just begun, people over huge swathes of territory will be unable to cultivate much.

What did the government do yesterday? It launched a national Food Security Council. While one may be sceptical about the efficacy of a new bureaucratic structure, the inauguration by President Kiir was in itself a significant public signal. Kiir conveyed a sense of urgency by making several eye-opening commands or suggestions. Probably the most practical of these was his instruction to the ministers of defence and national security to dismantle the road-blocks and stop the searching of relief vehicles (Sudan Tribune, 16 April). This seems to indicate a compromise in Juba’s relations with the UN, which for the last few months have been marked by acrimony over the latter’s alleged high-handedness and lack of neutrality amid the government’s struggles against rebels.

More problematic was Kiir’s apparent impromptu banning of domino and card games as time-wasting activities during the vital farming season, and his proposal that local courts should be suspended during this period (Eye Radio, 16 April). Whatever the legal status of these pronouncements (and part of the problem is their status may remain unclear, leaving spaces to justify officials in arbitrary exercises of power), they show a dismissive attitude to ordinary principles of civil liberty and the integrity of grassroots institutions.

These measures would probably not do much to avert the crisis even if they could be implemented. Of the rural people who are lucky enough to be able to cultivate in relative safety, only some have prospects of being able to sell at a worthwhile price what they grow and do not eat themselves. In the clientelist economy of South Sudan, where getting a lucrative opportunity depends greatly on your connections, it might really be less sensible to spend your time in the garden than at the court or the dominoes table.

A good leader (says the book on my shelf) should not need to issue many reactive orders. The role is more about creating an organizational structure and culture in which people can work effectively. This requires longer-term strategic thinking and agenda-shaping. Perhaps the most important thing about Kiir’s emergency food security proposals is not what they are in themselves, but their potential to foster a sense throughout South Sudan’s government and population that the coming food crisis - which will mostly kill people among the youngest and most elderly members of poor families in the areas most affected by fighting - is something which belongs to the whole nation.


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