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Date Snippet Page
2014/07/01 to 2014/07/04 Riek Machar and a delegation from SPLM-IO visit South Africa, where Riek has a meeting with President Zuma. Snippet: Riek Machar and a delegation from SPLM-IO visit South Africa, where Ri....
2014/05/30 Riek Machar, leader of the rebel SPLM-IO, says he is not in full control of his troops. ‘I can’t say I control them, but we are hoping we can control them because we are training them and we are disciplining them,’ he says, in an interview in Nairobi with AFP. Snippet: Riek Machar, leader of the rebel SPLM-IO, says he is not in full contr....
2014/05 Representatives of Anyuak and Jie communities say they do not want to be part of the Greater Pibor Administrative Area, which was negotiated by GRSS with the SSDM/A Cobra faction (David Yau Yau militia). Snippet: Representatives of Anyuak and Jie communities say they do not want to ....
2014/05/28 Rebel leader Riek Machar meets the President of Kenya in Nairobi, discussing the IGAD peace mechanisms. Snippet: Rebel leader Riek Machar meets the President of Kenya in Nairobi, disc....
2014/05/20 David Yau Yau, leader of the former SSDM/A Cobra faction rebels, returns to Juba saying that this marks the end of his faction's conflict with the government and that Greater Pibor Administrative Area is already in effect. Snippet: David Yau Yau, leader of the former SSDM/A Cobra faction rebels, retur....
2014/05/09 A peace agreement is signed between David Yauyau`s SSLM/A-C group and GRSS in Addis Ababa. It was mediated by church leaders under Bishop Paride Taban. It is unclear whether the terms vary from those initialled on 28th March, which involve the creation and funding of a Greater Pibor Administrative Area. Snippet: A peace agreement is signed between David Yauyau`s SSLM/A-C group and ....
2014/05/06 The UN Secretary-General says he understands that LRA leader Joseph Kony is hiding in Sudan-controlled areas of the disputed border area between Sudan and South Sudan, near the border with CAR. Snippet: The UN Secretary-General says he understands that ....
2014/05/02 US State Secretary Kerry meets President Kiir and reports that Kiir has committed to take 'forceful' steps to implement the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement and to engage in discussions on a transitional government. Kiir is also ready to meet Riek Machar in Addis Ababa next week. Kerry also emphasized the importance of stopping verbal attacks on humanitarian workers. He reveals the extent of his personal communications with Kiir since 15 December and says the US does not 'put any kind of equivalency' between the elected government and rebels who sought power by force. Snippet: US State Secretary Kerry meets President Kiir and ....
2014/04/29 Eastern Equatoria State warns Jonglei State to stay out of Kasengor Payam, which it says is part of Kapoeta East County, not Pibor County. It comes after a letter emerges written by Defence Minister Kuol Manyang (formerly governor of Jonglei) directing the release of two vehicles to the "Jie community in Kasengor payam [district] of Pibor county". An MP of Pibor South calls the EES claim a lie. The emergence of the issue seems to be related to demands made by David Yau Yau's rebel group in peace negotiations with GRSS. Snippet: Eastern Equatoria State warns Jonglei State to sta....
2014/04/25 SPLM-in-Opposition claims its forces killed 69 JEM fighters and captured 14 landcruisers in JEM colours in Unity State. JEM denies it had any forces there. Snippet
2015/04/25 A press release from SPLM-in-Opposition denies its forces carried out targeted killings of civilians in Bentiu. It accuses GRSS and its allies in JEM of killing civilians before they left the town in order to frame the rebels. It also denies any official broadcasting of hate speech, while conceding that individuals might have expressed anger during talk shows. It accuses UNMISS of getting the story from GRSS and not investigating independently. Snippet 1870
2014/04/15 to 2014/04/18 In Nasir, SPLM-in-Opposition holds a consultative conference of its leaders with representatives of civil society. It endorses Riek Machar as the leader, and a set of eight specialized committees as an interim leadership structure. It resolves to pursue the adoption of federalism in the constitution of South Sudan, and to reform and professionalize the SPLA. Snippet
2014/03/28 A peace agreement is initialled by negotiators of GRSS and SSDM-Cobra (David Yauyau militia). The agreement is to create a Greater Pibor Administrative Area, similar to a new state. It also involves a special development fund, increased representation of Murle people in the National Legislative Assembly, and positions for Murle in the national government. The agreement was facilitated by a South Sudanese Church Leaders Mediation Initiative (CLMI). Snippet 1715
2014/01 GRSS signs a cessation of hostilities agreement with David Yau Yau group (Cobra Faction of the South Sudan Democratic Movement/Army). The talks have been facilitated by church leaders. Snippet
2014/03/19 The SPLA recaptures Malakal from rebels. A rebel spokesperson says they will claim the oil fields in Upper Nile State, and resist the deployment of any IGAD force sent to defend the infrastructure. Snippet
2014/03/14 Riek Machar deplores the plan for an IGAD force in South Sudan, and threatens to boycott the next round of peace talks if it goes ahead. Snippet
2014/03 Hundreds of young South Sudanese have fled from government-held areas of South Sudan to Ethiopia, and are going via Addis Ababa and Gambella to fight on the rebel side. Snippet
2014/03/05 Salva Kiir, as Chairman of the SPLM, appoints an eight-person committee to prepare an agenda for a meeting of the party's Political Bureau. He has been criticized for long postponement of any such meeting. The named preparatory committee includes four people aligned to the SPLM-in-Opposition rebels, including Taban Deng who has been charged with treason. The move thus spurs hope (but also doubt) of facilitating reconciliation and forward movement in the political process. Snippet
2014/03/02 Taban Deng, chief negotiator for rebels in Addis Ababa talks, claims Salva Kiir publicly ordered the killing of Nuer in a national TV address (wearing military uniform) on 16th December. Deng also admits that some rebels have killed civilians and must face the law for it. Snippet
2014/03/01 AUHIP adjourns its mediated talks on the Two Areas (Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile) between GOS and SPLM-N. It had submitted a proposal, but SPLM-N had made a fundamentally different proposal. AUHIP will refer back to its mandating body, the African Union Peace and Security Council (AUPSC). Snippet
2014/01/18 The SPLA with Ugandan forces recaptures Bor town from rebels (White Army and Peter Gatdet's forces). Snippet: The SPLA with Ugandan forces recaptures Bor town f....
2014/02 'No single county in Jonglei, Upper Nile or Unity is under complete control of the president Kiir's forces' claims rebel spokesperson Hussain Maar. In Upper Nile an MP says the counties of Nasir, Ulang, Longichuk and Maiwut are under the control of the SPLM-in-Opposition. Snippet 1386
2014/02/13 Warring parties in South Kordofan and Blue Nile - GOS and SPLM-N - resume peace talks in Addis Ababa brokered by AUHIP and urged on by AU and UNSC. Snippet
2013/10/20 to 2013/10/24 There is a major raid on civilians in Twic East County on 20th October, apparently by forces liked to David Yau Yau. 79 people are killed including women and children. President Kiir strongly condemns it but urges the aggrieved communities to 'exercise restraint and remain calm while the law takes its course'. Snippet 1357
2013/09/27 The SSLM/A forces of Gordon Koang and Ayuok Ogot accept amnesty, having made peace with GOSS in April. The SSLM/A leader Bapiny Montuil is said to be trying to persuade David Yauyau to accept amnesty. Snippet
2013/04/26 President Kiir issues republican decree granting pardon to rebel forces, naming those of Maj. Gen. Gordon Kong, Maj. Gen. David Yau Yau, Maj. Gen. Bapiny Moyntuil Wicjang, Maj. Gen. Oyuog Ogot, Maj. Gen. Johnson Olwin and Maj. Gen. Munto Abdalla Munto. Snippet 1231
2013/08/23 UN Security Council discusses Sudan and South Sudan, particularly the issues of Abyei, determination of the Safe Demilitarized Border Zone centre line, and Sudan's conflict with SPLM-N in South Kordofan. Snippet 1201
2013/07/23 to 2013/08/07 Pagan Amum files a petition to the Supreme Court against Salva Kiir and the SPLM for violating his rights to freedom of expression and movement (when Kiir issued a party order forbidding Amum from travelling outside Juba or talking to the media). Snippet 1074
2013/04 to 2013/08 Peace was declared by some rebel groups - SSLA (South Sudan Liberation Army), SSDA (South Sudan Democratic Army) and SSDF (South Sudan Defense Forces) - in April 2013. President Kiir issued an amnesty. 5,000 SSLA soldiers then moved to Mayom County in UNS. In August, talks began on their reintegration, mostly into the SPLA and the SSPS. GOSS's peace and integration committee for this is headed by Thomas Cirilo. Snippet
2013/04/10 David Yauyau and his associated spokesman Peter Konyi Kubrin both deny their group was involved in the 9 Apr attack on the UN convoy. Yauyau said he is ready to talk peace and disarmament if his people [implying Murle] do not become vulnerable by it. Snippet 842
2013/04 JEM and the Upper Nile State deputy governor both deny (in fact of UN expert panel report of February) that JEM has had a base in Upper Nile State (although the latter admits that they were involved in the fighting in Heglig/Panthou in 2012). Snippet 841
2013/04/09 UN convoy is attacked in Jonglei, killing 12 including five Indian peacekeepers and five employees of a company drilling wells for the UN, four of whom were Kenyans. SPLM attributes attack to Yauyau, but UN has not [yet] conclusively identified the attackers. Snippet 834
2013/02/08 More than 100 Lou Nuer people are killed while doing their seasonal migration to the Sobat river in a guarded convoy. The large force of attackers is thought to be associated with David Yauyau. Snippet 641
2013/01/27 James Kuburin, a fighter associated with David Yau Yau, appears in the process of surrender, but shooting breaks out when his men enter Pibor market with their arms. Many flee and he disappears. (Sudan Tribune, 31 January 2013). Snippet 618
2012/08 Aug 2012: Yauyau forces reportedly kill at least 24 SPLA in ambush in Pibor area (BBC 27 Aug) Snippet 580
2012/04 In April 2012 David Yauyau defects again from SPLM/A to Khartoum (Gurtong 10 Apr 2012) Snippet 579
2012/08 Dak Kuyet, leader of a predominantly Nuer renegade group which had links with George Athor, attempted to mobilize within Ethiopia, but in Aug 2012 was attacked by Ethiopian army. 18 of his men were killed but he escaped (ST 18 Aug) Snippet 578
Reference Mini-review
Robert Young Pelton, 2014/05/12. Bibliography item: Robert Young Pelton (2014/05/12) "Saving South Sudan". (Article). Vice. [Article] Vice. Accessed online.

50,000-word article. Based on a daring journey to visit rebel commander Riek Machar and some of his military operations in the field, this long article is a compelling read. Riddled with statements which are simplistic, inaccurate or plain untrue (especially in matters of historical background), it is nevertheless an important contribution to knowledge of South Sudan, because of an insightful portrayal of Riek Machar and  an authentic depiction of horrors and farce around of one of captures of Malakal by the SPLM/A-IO and White Army.

HSBA, 2014/05/02. Bibliography item: HSBA (2014/05/02) "The SPLM-in-Opposition". (Report). Human Security Baseline Assessment for Sudan and South Sudan, Small Arms Survey. [Report] Human Security Baseline Assessment for Sudan and South Sudan, Small Arms Survey. Accessed online.

This 11-page report is about more than the SPLM-in-Opposition strictly defined. It surveys prominent individuals and organized groups in opposition to the rule of Salva Kiir more broadly, as from 2005 up to 2014/04/01, and narrates their most relevant histories.

Radio Tamazuj, 2014/05/01. Bibliography item: Radio Tamazuj (2014/05/01) "Understanding the Bentiu massacres in South Sudan". (Article). Radio Tamazuj. [Article] Radio Tamazuj. Accessed online.

Careful account of what is publicly known about the Bentiu massacres of 15-16 April, ahead of further investigations and reports from UNMISS and others.

Jonah Leff and Emile LeBrun, 2014/05. Bibliography item: Jonah Leff (2014/05) "Following the Thread: Arms and Ammunition Tracing in Sudan and South Sudan". (Report). Small Arms Survey. [Report] Small Arms Survey. Accessed online.

Recaps Small Arms Survey's programme of tracing arms flows in Sudan and South Sudan over the last ten years.

Among flows that the project has demonstrated are:

  • arms supplies to David Yau Yau's group and other rebel militia in South Sudan sent from the Sudan Government up to January 2013 (many of these arms came from China, but much of the ammunition is manufactured in Sudan.)
  • GRSS arming of youth against rebel militias in Jonglei in 2010 and 2011
  • arming of local youth in Jonglei by rebel militia.
AFP, 2014/04/17. Child soldiers in ’White Army’ in Upper Nile [Article] Radio Tamazuj. Accessed online.

Provides some insight into the attitudes of White Army fighters, and their place in Riek Machar's rebellion.

HSBA, 2014/03/18. The Conflict in Upper Nile State [Article] Human Security Baseline Assessment for Sudan and South Sudan, Small Arms Survey. Accessed online.

2,000-word narrative on the rebellion-related fighting in Upper Nile State since December 2013.

HSBA, 2014/03/18. The Conflict in Unity State [Article] Human Security Baseline Assessment for Sudan and South Sudan, Small Arms Survey. Accessed online.

1,400-word article narrating the fighting in Unity State associated with the rebellion since December 2013.

Elena Balatti, 2014/03/07. Malakal: An Eye-Witness Diary [Article] Gurtong. Accessed online.

Valuable testimony by a nun, which helps one visualise more clearly what happened in Malakal during in early 2014.

Fatima Ghazali and Hussein Maar Nyuot, 2014/02/17. Machar Delegation Spokesman: “The country is ruled by corruption” [Article] The Niles. Accessed online.

Interview of rebel spokesperson, Hussein Maar Nyuot, in which he states issues and events leading to the flashpoint of rebellion on 15 December 2013.

Phil Lancaster and Ledio Cakaj, 2013/07. Loosening Kony’s grip: effective defection strategies for today’s LRA [Report] The Resolve LRA Crisis Initiative. Accessed online.

Describes efforts to defeat the LRA, and Joseph Kony in particular. Detects a window of opportunity in the form of current high levels of disaffection in LRA ranks. Recommends stronger and more co-ordinated demobilization, disarmament and reintegration (DDR) efforts for LRA defectors.


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