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armed violence

Date Snippet Page
2014/05/23 156 people are reported dead in clashes between youth from Rumbek North and Cueibet Counties, Lakes State, according to police. The dead are mainly from Waat and Panyar sections. Many died in an ambush when returning home with raided cattle. Communities do not co-operate much with police investigations. A peace conference had started by 27 May. Snippet: 156 people are reported dead in clashes between youth from Rumbek Nort....
2014/05/26 to 2014/05/27 Representatives of Rizeigat and Dinka Malual peoples meet in Gok Machar, NBGS, on their cross-border relationship. They review the implementation of 18 rules which they had agreed in January, and agree terms for Reizeigat cattle grazing in NBGS in the coming year. Snippet: Representatives of Rizeigat and Dinka Malual peoples meet in Gok Macha....
2014/05/09 A peace agreement is signed between David Yauyau`s SSLM/A-C group and GRSS in Addis Ababa. It was mediated by church leaders under Bishop Paride Taban. It is unclear whether the terms vary from those initialled on 28th March, which involve the creation and funding of a Greater Pibor Administrative Area. Snippet: A peace agreement is signed between David Yauyau`s SSLM/A-C group and ....
2014/04/26 to 2014/04/27 A large defection of SPLA soldiers in Wau leads to fighting, and also to panic especially among Nuer citizens. The state government seeks to avert ethnic violence by mounting joint patrols. But about 700 flee to the UNMISS camp. One of the defecting generals explains that the action came because Nuer soldiers felt under threat from their Dinka colleagues especially after the recent defections and fighting in Mapel. Snippet 1874
2014/04/24 to 2014/04/25 Tensions within SPLA forces in Mapel (WBGS) reportedly lead to heavy fighting and defection of about 150 soldiers. Snippet
2014/04/25 SPLM-in-Opposition claims its forces killed 69 JEM fighters and captured 14 landcruisers in JEM colours in Unity State. JEM denies it had any forces there. Snippet
2014/04/19 Over 100 people were killed in a cattle raid in a remote area of Warrap State, according to a local information minister. 85 of the dead were alleged attackers being pursued by police and soldiers. Snippet
2014/04/18 to 2014/04/20 Reactions to the recent attack on the Bor UN compound by local youth: *Jonglei governor John Kong Nyuon deplores it and vows that the state government will investigate and take measures against the perpetrators. *National information minister Michael Makuei, claims the attack was provoked when UNMISS forces fired warning shots. *President Kiir calls it an ‘irresponsible act by irresponsible people’. *UN Security Council expresses outrage and warns that such attacks against civilians and peacekeepers 'may constitute a war crime'. Snippet 1827
2014/04/17 At least 58 people are killed when local youth invade the UN compound and begin shooting at people sheltered there. UN peacekeepers fight back. There are reports that the attack was triggered when camp residents celebrated the fall of Bentiu to rebel forces. Snippet 1824
2014/04/11 to 2014/04/12 About 40 people are killed in inter-communal clashes in Rumbek East County (Lakes State): between Durbaar and Durceek clans and between Panyar and Nyuei clans. Snippet
2014/04/07 The Sudan air force reportedly bombs unknown targets in Pariang County. Snippet
2014/04/01 to 2014/04/02 Six women and two children are killed in Ngapagok village, Tonj East, in conflict between member of Akok and Luac-Koth communities. Snippet
2014/03/31 16 are killed (including 14 women) and 130 cattle are taken in a raid in Twic County (Warrap State) by men thought to be from Unity State. Snippet
2014/03/31 8 people are reported killed and 14 wounded in an inter-communal attack in Rumbek County (Lakes State). Members of Nyan, Amotnhiim and Panguerkur clans are reported to have attacked members of Dhiei clan during a traditional ceremony. Snippet
2014/03/23 to 2014/04/19 Police, army and wildlife forces conduct searches for illegal arms in Juba - house-to-house and at checkpoints - and find 6,000 within a month, including RPGs (rocket-propelled grenades) and other assault weapons. Snippet 1696
2014/03 Three years after eruption of fighting in Pibor area (Jonglei state), most schools remain closed. Currently the problem is not so much direct insecurity as indirect effects: limited availability of teachers, and difficulty getting ready to use the new South Sudan curriculum. Pibor County Commissioner hopes schools will open in April with the help of UNICEF. Snippet
2014/03 Fifteen more people are killed in further feuding between sub-sections of Kook Pacuar (Agar Dinka) in Rumbek East County. The state government is blamed by some for failing to investigate and prosecute the previous crimes, or send security forces to keep the peace. Snippet
2014/03/17 Soldiers are banned from moving around with firearms in Rumbek Town, by order of the Rumbek Central County commissioner. Snippet
2014/03/14 The SPLA spokesman reveals that 120 suspected SPLA criminals (detained after mid-December killings) escaped from detention during fighting at HQ barracks on 5th March. Snippet
2014/03 A cattle-camp youth in Lakes State claims that government investigation and enforcement of compensation can break the cycle of violence in cattle raiding, but that the government has not kept its promises in this regard. Snippet 1599
2014/03/09 Nine people are killed in fighting between Manuer and Gaak clans in Maper, Rumbek North County, believed to have begun in rivalry of men for a girl. Snippet
2014/03 Much of the recent killing is driven by motives of ethnic-based revenge rather than political struggle, according to an UNMISS commander and a recent HRW report. Snippet
2014/03/09 Warrap state agrees to treat local youth volunteers as community police in grazing areas of Twic County. It will provide them with food. Snippet
2014/03/04 There are deaths and injuries when refugees at Yosif Batil camp, Maban County (Upper Nile) are reportedly attacked by armed and uniformed members of the local community. The attack is thought to be prompted partly by competition for land and natural resources, and also by effects of the current rebellion in South Sudan. Snippet
2014/03/05 Local residents report at least six killings outside Giyada (HQ) barracks, where the army says five soldiers were killed in an internal pay dispute. One reported incident was of a targeted killing of two Nuer soldiers hiding in a private compound, and an Ethiopian who tried to protect them. Another reported incident involved the deaths of two Ugandans and a South Sudanese person in the Jabarona market area. Snippet 1538
2014/03/05 At least five and perhaps many more soldiers and civilians are killed in shooting in and near Giyada (HQ) barracks (Juba town). It reportedly occurred when commandos of Tiger division, led by Brig. Gen Gatwich Gai (or Gatwiech Dual) thought a payment committee would deny pay to those of them who went into hiding after the December violence in Juba and outbreak of rebellion. Bodies are seen which have apparently been run over by tanks. Four officers are arrested, including Gatwich. Snippet 1537
2014/02/25 to 2014/03/01 77 people are killed in two attacks in Abyei regions, according to GRSS, which also claims that the government of Sudan is behind the attacks, with the aim of pushing Ngoc Dinka people to the south of the region. Snippet
2014/03/01 A raid on a cattle camp in Twic County (Warrap State) by attackers from Unity State leaves nine people dead and eight wounded. Now that many SPLA troops have gone to fight rebels, Warrap governor Nyandeng urges the police to be more forceful in using their guns to protect civilians. Snippet
2014/02 Twic East County (Jonglei state) apparently suffers a new raid by Murle. It is also facing a threat from Lau Nuer despite some of its chiefs allegedly having provided cattle to Riek's rebels in January, and the allegedly anti-government stance of Dr Majak Agoot, a son of the county and currently still in government detention. Snippet
2014/02 19 people are killed in apparently ethnicity-related violence (Toposa, Didinga) in Ngauro Payam, Budi County, Eastern Equatoria. The NLA creates a committee to investigate. Snippet
2014/02 The 2013/14 rebellion has mixed with feuding and cattle-raiding in the triangle between Unity, Warrap and Lakes State - especially Tonj East County - resulting in many more deaths and cattle thefts. Snippet
2013/10/15 The office of Zain in Bor town is robbed at night of cash and goods valued at SSP 144,000. The safe was opened with shots but police assigned to guard the market area said they heard none. Those police have been arrested on suspicion of complicity. Snippet
2013/10/16 A Darfurian businessman is murdered in Rumbek. Most trading shops in Rumbek are owned by Darfurians. Many foreign-owned shops and bars seem to have been closing recently in Lakes State, due to insecurity and harassment by security services. Snippet
2013/10/20 to 2013/10/24 There is a major raid on civilians in Twic East County on 20th October, apparently by forces liked to David Yau Yau. 79 people are killed including women and children. President Kiir strongly condemns it but urges the aggrieved communities to 'exercise restraint and remain calm while the law takes its course'. Snippet 1357
2013/10 Tonj North County (Warrap State) launches a campaign to stop civilians carrying illegal firearms. The campaign is supported by Saferworld and The Organization of Children Harmony (TOCH). Tonj North and Tonj East have already agreed to limit the carrying of firearms in each other's territories. Snippet 1355
2013/10/08 The Unity State Assembly only now approves the communiqué and resolutions of June's Tri-State Conference on issues of border security with Lakes and Warrap States. Snippet 1325
2013/06/19 The governors of Unity, Warrap and Lakes states sign a communique at the end of a Tri-State Conference on Cross-Border Security Issues, following recent violence. The communique reports resolutions and immediate action points. Snippet
2013/10/03 The Eastern Equatoria State government announces more security posts on the Torit - Kapoeta highway, and advises vehicles to move in security convoys. This follows chronic incidence of robbery on the road, and an incident in late September in which two passengers were killed. Snippet
2013/09 Six people have been killed in fights in the Baka gold mine area of Talaa, Budi County, Eastern Equatoria, over an unspecified period. A county official blamed the fights on the effects of 'guu' and 'lira-lira' alcohol brewed in neighbouring districts of Uganda. The Baka gold mine area is said to be multi-ethnic, with many people from neighbouring countries, as well as criminals who flee there after committing crimes elsewhere in the county. Snippet
2013/09/27 The SSLM/A forces of Gordon Koang and Ayuok Ogot accept amnesty, having made peace with GOSS in April. The SSLM/A leader Bapiny Montuil is said to be trying to persuade David Yauyau to accept amnesty. Snippet
2013/04/26 President Kiir issues republican decree granting pardon to rebel forces, naming those of Maj. Gen. Gordon Kong, Maj. Gen. David Yau Yau, Maj. Gen. Bapiny Moyntuil Wicjang, Maj. Gen. Oyuog Ogot, Maj. Gen. Johnson Olwin and Maj. Gen. Munto Abdalla Munto. Snippet 1231
2013/05 to 2013/09 Killings and injuries by rogue members of security agencies in Wau, May - September. In May, one person was killed and two injured by a soldier attacking doctors in Wau Teaching Hospital. In July, one person was shot dead after a drunken policeman got into a quarrel. In late September 16 people are seriously injured - and some are critical in hospital - after a soldier detonates a grenade in a quarrel with a woman selling local drinks. Snippet 1221
2013/08/24 to 2013/08/25 Two policemen are murdered by assailants who stormed their residence in Nyakuron West, Juba. This prompts hundreds of residents to mount a protest against the deteriorating security situation in Juba. Snippet
2013/08/23 UN Security Council issues a statement on Jonglei violence, calling for humanitarian access and investigation and accountability for attacks on civilians and UNMISS. Snippet 1202
2013/08/23 Three armed robbers are caught by police in Juba, after robbing an Ethiopian hotel. They are two Ugandans and a Kenyan, but it appears they have been employed by South Sudanese. Snippet 1198
2012/08/21 The parliament of NBGS summons ministers responsible for security to ask why a suspected multiple killer - Angok, a former SPLA soldier - is still on the loose. Snippet
2013/08 A murderer of a trader working in Iloli area, Eastern Equatoria, is apprehended not by state police but Iloli community authorities. He is then allowed to escape, also by local people. Snippet 1194
2013/08/17 Interior ministry issues an order banning unauthorized possession of arms, and cancelling licenses not signed by the minister (who is now Aleu Ayieny Aleu) Snippet 1151
2013/08 SSRRC coordinator in Guit County (Unity State) is murdered. Snippet
2013/06 In June, Lakes State Governor, Matur Chut Dhuol, bans alcohol in the state in an effort to reduce fighting. However it takes away an income source for many, while producers with good connections are said to be able to sell it for consumption in big hotels. Snippet
2011/12 to 2013/08 Twic East County suffers from repeated raids and killings, suspected to be by Murle, and complains of inadequate protection and humanitarian response. Snippet
2013/04/09 UN convoy is attacked in Jonglei, killing 12 including five Indian peacekeepers and five employees of a company drilling wells for the UN, four of whom were Kenyans. SPLM attributes attack to Yauyau, but UN has not [yet] conclusively identified the attackers. Snippet 834
2012/12 4,000 people became displaced due to cattle-raiding violence in Unity State. Snippet 649
2013/02/08 More than 100 Lou Nuer people are killed while doing their seasonal migration to the Sobat river in a guarded convoy. The large force of attackers is thought to be associated with David Yauyau. Snippet 641
Reference Mini-review
Zechariah Manyok Biar, 2014/05/18. Bibliography item: Zechariah Manyok Biar (2014/05/18) "How leaders contribute to tribalism in South Sudan". (Article). Sudan Tribune. [Article] Sudan Tribune. Accessed online.

This 1,000-word article contends that tribal conflicts are inflamed when political and military leaders surround themselves with bodyguards [and other staff] from their own tribe. In many South Sudan cultures, the author writes, the elders give orders to youth indirectly. For a leader in a modern state institution this has inappropriate political and legal consequences. The author recommends a legal ban on speech which belittles any ethnic group, or which suggests that one group is above the others. He also wants law to give a people freedom to live as a citizen in any state of South Sudan.

Robert Young Pelton, 2014/05/12. Bibliography item: Robert Young Pelton (2014/05/12) "Saving South Sudan". (Article). Vice. [Article] Vice. Accessed online.

50,000-word article. Based on a daring journey to visit rebel commander Riek Machar and some of his military operations in the field, this long article is a compelling read. Riddled with statements which are simplistic, inaccurate or plain untrue (especially in matters of historical background), it is nevertheless an important contribution to knowledge of South Sudan, because of an insightful portrayal of Riek Machar and  an authentic depiction of horrors and farce around of one of captures of Malakal by the SPLM/A-IO and White Army.

Juma Mabor Marial, 2014/05/11. Bibliography item: Juma Mabor Marial (2014/05/11) "The Genesis and Phenomenon of Intra-Clans’ Conflict and Revenge Attacks in Lakes State". (Article). South Sudan News Agency. [Article] South Sudan News Agency. Accessed online., Accessed online., Accessed online.

In this three-part article, totalling over six thousand words, Juma Mabor Marial suggests there is an innate tendency for clan feuding among the Galweng (cattle-herding youth), and blames leaders and educated elites for failing to curb it. He says it was limited more effectively during the war before 2005, due to the strength of relatively uninhibited military rule. But since then, although governors have had military backgrounds, the peacetime conditions did not allow them to impose force so easily, and they were not educated enough to find civil ways of governing.

Jonah Leff and Emile LeBrun, 2014/05. Bibliography item: Jonah Leff (2014/05) "Following the Thread: Arms and Ammunition Tracing in Sudan and South Sudan". (Report). Small Arms Survey. [Report] Small Arms Survey. Accessed online.

Recaps Small Arms Survey's programme of tracing arms flows in Sudan and South Sudan over the last ten years.

Among flows that the project has demonstrated are:

  • arms supplies to David Yau Yau's group and other rebel militia in South Sudan sent from the Sudan Government up to January 2013 (many of these arms came from China, but much of the ammunition is manufactured in Sudan.)
  • GRSS arming of youth against rebel militias in Jonglei in 2010 and 2011
  • arming of local youth in Jonglei by rebel militia.
Rachel Gordon, 2014/03. In the eye of the storm: An analysis of internal conflict in South Sudan’s Jonglei State [Report] Feinstein International Center, Tufts University. Accessed online.

Explores the complexity of conflict and underdevelopment in Jonglei, warning against simplistic analyses or proffered solutions. Notes that "elites have maintained or fallen back on the strategies they employed throughout the decades of war for solidifying their own social and financial positions in the face of constant threat" and concludes that "the causes of conflict must be disaggregated and chipped away without unrealistic hopes for quick solutions" but also that "the perpetrators and enablers of violence...must be consistently held accountable through both words and actions".

Oxfam, 2014. Above and beyond: Voices of hope from South Sudan [Book] Oxfam. Accessed online.

This short magazine-style book comprises accounts by individual South Sudanese people of their experiences in the aftermath of the violence and rebellion of December 2013. It is both moving and important: a vivid documentation of horrors which affected many people, but also crucially of the humanity and heroism of many South Sudanese.

John Ashworth, 2012/02/23. The White Army [Article] South Sudan Info - The Kob | Google Groups. Accessed online.
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