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AU (African Union)

Date Snippet Page
2014/06/26 An interim report is submitted by the AU Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan. It was originally due to have made a final report by now, but it requests an extension due to various practical problems and delays, and the perceived need for inclusive consultations. Meanwhile it reserves any conclusive and definitive pronouncement on the question of criminal accountability. Snippet: An interim report is submitted by the AU Commission of Inquiry on Sout....
2014/05/16 The AU Commission of Enquiry on South Sudan takes an ‘initial position' on the prosecution of leaders accountable for atrocities. It is 'leaning towards the creation of a hybrid court along the lines of the Extraordinary African Chambers in Senegal', to be established jointly by the AU and UN. It takes this to be compatible with a recent call by the UN Secretary-General. Snippet: The AU Commission of Enquiry on South Sudan takes an ‘initial positi....
2014/04/26 The CPJ (Citizens for Peace and Justice) calls on both GRSS and rebels to publicly denounce the crimes committed by their own forces, and hold the perpetrators accountable. It also calls for adherence to January's Cessation of Hostilities agreement, admission of civil society representatives to the IGAD-facilitated negotiations, and free secure access for the AU Commission of Inquiry. Snippet
2014/04/15 11 national and international human rights agencies urge President Kiir to complete the process of ratifying the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR). Their letter says that ratification was approved by the Council of Ministers in March 2013 and the NLA seven months later, but still needs assent from the President. Snippet
2014/04/05 IGAD mediators set up an SPLM Intra-Party Dialogue Forum to run in addition to the main peace negotiations between GRSS and rebels. The Forum is facilitated with the help of the ruling parties of Ethiopia and South Africa. The AU welcomes it. Snippet
2014/03/07 The AU announces the formation of the previously-promised commission of inquiry into human rights violations committed in the armed conflict since mid-December 2013. It is composed of high-profile members led by former Nigeria president Olesugun Obasanjo. Snippet 1565
2014/03/06 A group of CSOs and their international supporters writes an open letter to the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR), urging it to (1) issue a resolution condemning violations of international law; (2) advocate immediate establishment of the commission of enquiry into human rights abuses which was promised by the AU Commission; (3) promote a culture of respect for human rights and the rule of law in South Sudan through an official visit and other advocacy measures. Snippet 1559
2014/03/05 Five East African countries have agreed to take part in a protection and stabilization force in South Sudan, by arrangement with IGAD, the AU and the UN. The countries are: Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Djibouti and Burundi. Snippet 1542
2014/02/22 A press release from Citizens for Peace and Justice (CPJ) notes delays and lack of transparency in human rights investigations launched by the AU and GRSS since the outbreak of rebellion in December 2013. It calls on GRSS to facilitate rather than obstruct human rights investigations by South Sudanese human rights organizations. Snippet 1446
2014/01/20 The head of the AU Commission, Nkozasana Dlamini Zuma, visits Juba, and urges a ceasfire through negotiated agreement. Snippet
2013/10/10 Civil society group CEPO petitions the AU to stick to a fixed timetable for the Abyei referendum, rather than continuing to call for negotiations. Snippet
2013/09/23 The Peace and Security Council of the African Union issues a communique on Sudan and South Sudan which, among other things 'urges the two countries not to undertake any unilateral actions concerning Abyei that might impede progress'. This seems directed against South Sudan's plan to hold a referendum unilaterally in October on the grounds that this was the timetable previously mandated by the AU and that the delay was caused by Sudan. Snippet
2013/01/25 The AU Peace and Security Coucil (AUPSC), meeting at the level of heads of state and government, decides not to refer the implementation of agreements on Abyei to the UN Security Council (AllAfrica, 28 January 2013) Snippet 633
2013/01/27 President Kiir meets President Bashir of Sudan in the presence of other heads of state on the sidelines of the AU summit in Addis Ababa. The meeting is convened by the Ethiopian prime minister in an attempt to make progress on resolving their disputes, but little apparent progress is made. (AllAfrica, 28 January 2013) Snippet 632
Reference Mini-review
Mapuor Malual Manguen, 2014/07/14. Bibliography item: Mapuor Malual Manguen (2014/07/14) "The Conspiracy behind South Sudanese Mysterious peace Talks". (Article). PaanLuel Wël. [Article] PaanLuel Wël. Accessed online.

Surmises that the slow progress of peace talks reflects a lack of interest by neighbours (Sudan, the AU, IGAD) in peace. The mediation approach seems complicated deliberately to make things move slowly.

Awak Bior and others, 2014/03/31. [Letter to African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan] Re: Initial Recommendations on the Implementation of the Mandate of the Commission of Inquiry [Operating document] South Sudan News Agency. Accessed online.

This clear-visioned open letter from members of CPJ (Citizens for Peace and Justice) gives advice to the AU Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan, and sets out 'Five Pillars of a "Just Peace"'. The advice is about: (1) stakeholders in civil society who should be engaged with; (2) need for the Commission to communicate with the public; (3) suggested first steps when they arrive in South Sudan. The 'Five Pillars' are: (1) Truth before forgiveness; (2) Justice is non-negotiable; (3) Reparations: A Transition from Victimhood to Citizenship; (4) Institutional reform; (5) Memorialization.

Mahmood Mamdani, 2014/02/15. South Sudan and its unending bloody conflict: No power-sharing without political reform [Article] The East African.

This 5,000-word article is particularly interesting in view of its author's status as a public intellectual and a member of the AU Commission of Enquiry. Mamdani argues that the rebellion crisis has roots in colonial techniques for managing populations as tribes, which still shape politico-social relationships. It blames a failure to build institutional culture in the SPLM/A and a 'shoddy' 2005 peace agreement largely on the influence of the US's War on Terror. It sees a way forward in combining political reforms with power-sharing, rather than punishing the perpetrators of gross violence.

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