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conflict and violence

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2014/07/15 Fees on Sudanese transhumant animals in Upper Nile State are being reduced. The fees are reportedly levied by a non-governmental Pastoralists Union in the state, and the high level has apparently discouraged migration or payment by herders from Sennar, White Nile and Blue Nile States. Snippet: Fees on Sudanese transhumant animals in Upper Nile State are being red....
2014/06/15 A US report is released which finds that GRSS has ‘not demonstrated any will or capacity’ to investigate atrocities or hold perpetrators accountable. It recommends (among other things) a new internationally-driven investigation mechanism. See Biblio item on ‘Assessment of Justice, Accountability and Reconciliation Measures in South Sudan'. The report's conclusions are broadly endorsed by a US State Department official. Snippet: A US report is released which finds that GRSS has ‘not demonstrated ....
2014/07/11 The EU orders a freeze on any EU assets of generals Santino Deng (SPLA) and Peter Gadet (SPLA-IO) for violating the agreed ceasefire. Snippet: The EU orders a freeze on any EU assets of generals Santino Deng (SPLA....
2014/07/09 President Kiir warns that federalism would lead to expulsion of certain ethnic groups from certain states, such as Dinka from Equatoria. Referring to such a process in the early 1980s he calls this 'korkora'. Snippet: President Kiir warns that federalism would lead to expulsion of certai....
2014/06/26 An interim report is submitted by the AU Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan. It was originally due to have made a final report by now, but it requests an extension due to various practical problems and delays, and the perceived need for inclusive consultations. Meanwhile it reserves any conclusive and definitive pronouncement on the question of criminal accountability. Snippet: An interim report is submitted by the AU Commission of Inquiry on Sout....
2014/06 A large consignment of weapons is shipped by Norinco (a Chinese company) to GRSS. Snippet: A large consignment of weapons is shipped by Norinco (a Chinese compan....
2014/07/07 Security forces confiscate the daily print run of the Citizen newspaper. Editor Nhial Bol Aken believes this is partly because it included a discussion of federalism, and partly because he refused a request to report to security offices, bringing others with him. Snippet: Security forces confiscate the daily print run of the Citizen newspape....
2014/07/01 to 2014/07/04 Riek Machar and a delegation from SPLM-IO visit South Africa, where Riek has a meeting with President Zuma. Snippet: Riek Machar and a delegation from SPLM-IO visit South Africa, where Ri....
2014/07/04 Jonglei state has cancelled its agreement with OCHA, the UN's humanitarian coordination agency, over dispute about relative quantities of food distributed in government- and rebel-held areas, says the state's information minister. Snippet: Jonglei state has cancelled its agreement with OCHA, the UN's hum....
2014/07/02 Bilateral arrangements with Sudan, including an agreement on customs and immigration, are strengthened in a visit to Khartoum by the Interior Minister, Aleu Ayieny. Snippet: Bilateral arrangements with Sudan, including an agreement on customs a....
2014/06/24 South Sudan displaces Somalia as the world’s most fragile state, according to the new edition of the index compiled by the Fund For Peace, a US-based non-profit organization. Snippet: South Sudan displaces Somalia as the world’s most fragile state, acc....
2014/07/02 The National Security Service confiscates the day’s print run of the Juba Monitor newspaper, apparently because it is covering the debate over federalism. However, the Presidential Spokesman and the Information Minister had reasserted that media were free to cover the issue of federalism. Snippet: The National Security Service confiscates the day’s print run of the....
2014/06/16 GRSS and SPLM-IO both boycott a scheduled session of peace talks: SPLM-IO because it was unhappy about the IGAD mediators' method of selecting non-combatant participants; GRSS because the IGAD Executive Secretary called both sides 'stupid' for believing a military solution was possible. Snippet: GRSS and SPLM-IO both boycott a scheduled session of peace talks: SPLM....
2014/05/31 Emergency schooling during the crisis since December 2013 has reached about 110,000 children. But many schools suffer from gross overcrowding, and the target was over 200,000 children. As of 31st May, the education section of the Consolidated Appeal had only been 32% funded. Snippet: Emergency schooling during the crisis since December 2013 has reached ....
2014/06 Eden money transfer business has been hard hit by lack of business following widespread non-payment of government salaries during the recent civil conflict. Snippet: Eden money transfer business has been hard hit by lack of business fol....
2014/06 More than a thousand SPLA soldiers desert their posts in Jonglei apparently as a result of non-payment of wages for as much as much as six months. Snippet: More than a thousand SPLA soldiers desert their posts in Jonglei appar....
2014/06/06 to 2014/06/07 IGAD organizes a ‘multi-stakeholder symposium’ in Addis Ababa ‘to initiate an inclusive phase of the peace process in South Sudan’. The event includes opposition, political parties, faith-based groups and civil society organizations. Snippet: IGAD organizes a ‘multi-stakeholder symposium’ in Addis Ababa ‘t....
2014/06/10 An extraordinary summit of IGAD heads of state and government deplores continued flagrant breaches of the South Sudan cessation of hostilities agreements (26 Jan, 6 May, 9 May), and reaffirms the principle of inclusivity in peace talks (involvement of dissident SPLM leaders, other parties, civil society and faith groups). It threatens pressure and punishments against GRSS and SPLM-IO if they continue to violate agreements, hinder humanitarian aid, or obstruct the principle of inclusivity. Snippet: An extraordinary summit of IGAD heads of state and government deplores....
2014/06 Shortage of judges in WES results in long detention for many suspects before they can be tried. The shortage is partly because many judges took leave when the national rebellion started in December 2013 and have not yet returned. Snippet: Shortage of judges in WES results in long detention for many suspects ....
2014/06/02 Oil income in the 2013-4 financial year was USD 3.5 bn. After deductions for loan repayment and agreed contribution to Sudan, the revenue for GRSS was 1.9 bn, according to the oil minister. Snippet: Oil income in the 2013-4 financial year was USD 3.5 bn. After deductio....
2014/05/30 Riek Machar, leader of the rebel SPLM-IO, says he is not in full control of his troops. ‘I can’t say I control them, but we are hoping we can control them because we are training them and we are disciplining them,’ he says, in an interview in Nairobi with AFP. Snippet: Riek Machar, leader of the rebel SPLM-IO, says he is not in full contr....
2014/05 Representatives of Anyuak and Jie communities say they do not want to be part of the Greater Pibor Administrative Area, which was negotiated by GRSS with the SSDM/A Cobra faction (David Yau Yau militia). Snippet: Representatives of Anyuak and Jie communities say they do not want to ....
2014/05/31 to 2014/06/01 Hilde F. Johnson confirms that she will leave the post of Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General on 8th July, having completed three years in the post. The timing is also related to personal factors and the recent change in mandate of UNMISS. She insists not only that this is not bending to the recent GRSS-backed campaign against her and the UN, but that she would have carried on if the campaign had continued. Snippet: Hilde F. Johnson confirms that she will leave the post of Special Repr....
2014/06/02 Systematic extortion from traders to Warawar market (near the border with Sudan in NBGS) is being done by a gang (possibly associated with an Arab ethnic group). Snippet: Systematic extortion from traders to Warawar market (near the border w....
2014/05/30 to 2014/05/31 Representatives of Misseriya and Dinka Malual peoples meet to discuss and regulate their cross-border relationship, at Wanyjok in NBGS. There are relatively few points of conflict this year, and they agree to encourage inter-marriages through inter-cultural dances. Snippet: Representatives of Misseriya and Dinka Malual peoples meet to discuss ....
2014/05/29 to 2-14/05/31 Controversy erupts over the selection of civil society groups to take part in peace talks under IGAD. IGAD mediator Lazaro Sumbeiywo visits Juba and is accused by the South Sudan Civil Society Alliance of rejecting them in favour of Citizens for Peace and Justice (which is not registered with the government). Snippet: Controversy erupts over the selection of civil society groups to take ....
2014/05/28 Rebel leader Riek Machar meets the President of Kenya in Nairobi, discussing the IGAD peace mechanisms. Snippet: Rebel leader Riek Machar meets the President of Kenya in Nairobi, disc....
2014/05/27 SPLA soldiers in Maban County have been divided into different camps, based on ethnicity. This is reportedly due to an order from the high command. Snippet: SPLA soldiers in Maban County have been divided into different camps, ....
2014/05/23 156 people are reported dead in clashes between youth from Rumbek North and Cueibet Counties, Lakes State, according to police. The dead are mainly from Waat and Panyar sections. Many died in an ambush when returning home with raided cattle. Communities do not co-operate much with police investigations. A peace conference had started by 27 May. Snippet: 156 people are reported dead in clashes between youth from Rumbek Nort....
2014/05/26 to 2014/05/27 Representatives of Rizeigat and Dinka Malual peoples meet in Gok Machar, NBGS, on their cross-border relationship. They review the implementation of 18 rules which they had agreed in January, and agree terms for Reizeigat cattle grazing in NBGS in the coming year. Snippet: Representatives of Rizeigat and Dinka Malual peoples meet in Gok Macha....
2014/05/27 The UN Security Council renews the mandate of UNMISS (up to 30 November) and requests a sharper focus on protection of civilians, monitoring and investigation of human rights, and support for humanitarian assistance and ceasefire arrangements. Snippet: The UN Security Council renews the mandate of UNMISS (up to 30 Novembe....
2014/03 to 2014/05 Refugees in Maban County (Upper Nile) camps receive only 37 days worth of rations within a 90 day period. At least 2,000 of the 126,000 are forced to return to Sudan because of food shortages. The World Food Programme has the role of delivering the food. With the road from Gambella (Ethiopia) almost unusable in the rainy season, it has organized some airlifts and airdrops, but is also pursuing the cheaper alternative of barge transportation. Snippet: Refugees in Maban County (Upper Nile) camps receive only 37 days worth....
2014/05/20 David Yau Yau, leader of the former SSDM/A Cobra faction rebels, returns to Juba saying that this marks the end of his faction's conflict with the government and that Greater Pibor Administrative Area is already in effect. Snippet: David Yau Yau, leader of the former SSDM/A Cobra faction rebels, retur....
2014/05/20 A donor conference in Oslo on the crisis in South Sudan initially mobilizes USD 600 million in new pledges. Snippet: A donor conference in Oslo on the crisis in South Sudan initially mobi....
2014/05/15 The GRSS Information Minister claims that the US is waging a proxy war against the government in order to gain control of South Sudan's oil, according to a report in The Standard (Nairobi). He says that Riek Machar and his group have promised when in power to help the Americans gain oil concessions, and suggests that US pressure made IGAD mediators propose the interim government plan which President Kiir signed. Snippet: The GRSS Information Minister claims that the US is waging a proxy war....
2014/05/16 In his SPLA Day address to the nation President Kiir says that nobody who murdered can claim that it was to support him or the government. They must be identified by the Human Rights Abuses Investigation Committee and sentenced to death. Snippet: In his SPLA Day address to the nation President Kiir says that nobody ....
2015/05/15 ICRC announces a USD 127 million relief operation, air-dropping food, seed and other items into remote locations. Snippet: ICRC announces a USD 127 million relief operation, air-dropping food, ....
2014/05/15 A cholera outbreak is declared in Juba, apparently originating in an IDP camp, but already spread to 11 residential areas. Snippet: A cholera outbreak is declared in Juba, apparently originating in an I....
2014/05 Public cattle vaccination in NBGS is extended to cattle of nomadic Sudanese pastoralists (Rizeigat, Misseriya) as well as local herders. Snippet: Public cattle vaccination in NBGS is extended to cattle of nomadic Sud....
2014/05/13 The general election due in 2015 will be postponed until 2017, announces President Kiir. This, he says, is to allow time for national reconciliation and the creation of a permanent constitution under a transitional government, following preliminary agreements to end the current rebellion/civil war. Snippet: The general election due in 2015 will be postponed until 2017, announc....
2014/05/13 60 international NGOs sign a public statement mainly urging donors for more emergency funding (through the forthcoming Oslo conference), but also recommending diplomatic support for protection of aid agencies, shift of funds from state-building to community service provision by national agencies, strengthened peace process and ceasefire enforcement, more emphasis on protection in the UNMISS mandate, control of arms flows to South Sudan, and accountability for violence. Snippet: 60 international NGOs sign a public statement mainly urging donors for....
2014/05/11 GRSS and SPLM/A-IO both accuse the other of violating the ceasefire signed between Kiir and Machar on 9 May. An unnamed UN official confirms shooting near Bentiu. Snippet: GRSS and SPLM/A-IO both accuse the other of violating the ceasefire si....
2013/12 to 2014/05 Peter Adwok Nyaba, former Minister for Higher Education, was arrested shortly after the alleged coup attempt of December 2013, and remained under house arrest without being charged as of May 2014. Snippet: Peter Adwok Nyaba, former Minister for Higher Education, was arrested ....
2014/05 1.3 million people are at the last stage of food insecurity before famine, according to the South Sudan Integrated Phase Classification Technical Working Group (SS IPC TWG), representing a consortium of major food security agencies. An additional 2.4 million are at 'crisis' level and a further 3.2 million 'acutely food insecure'. Famine is not declared yet, but urgent action is needed to prevent it. Snippet: 1.3 million people are at the last stage of food insecurity before fam....
2014/05/09 A peace agreement is signed between David Yauyau`s SSLM/A-C group and GRSS in Addis Ababa. It was mediated by church leaders under Bishop Paride Taban. It is unclear whether the terms vary from those initialled on 28th March, which involve the creation and funding of a Greater Pibor Administrative Area. Snippet: A peace agreement is signed between David Yauyau`s SSLM/A-C group and ....
2014/05/09 Salva Kiir and Riek Machar sign a peace agreement in Addis Ababa. The agreement (proposed in outline by mediators from the Government of Ethiopia on behalf of IGAD and negotiated in detail by shuttling between the two leaders) involves a truce to take place within 24 hours, and the formation of a 'government of national unity'. It also pledges respect for humanitarian corridors and the UN. The Prime Minister of Ethiopia and the US State Secretary both call it a 'breakthrough' in the peace process. Snippet: Salva Kiir and Riek Machar sign a peace agreement in Addis Ababa. The ....
2014/05/08 Sudan is neutral in South Sudan's internal conflict, and has put its disputes with RSS on hold, according to an advisor to Sudan's president. Snippet: Sudan is neutral in South Sudan's internal co....
2014/05/08 There is severe food shortage in Bentiu, as traders have been killed, and the airport and roads closed due to the conflict, says Unity State's Minister of Information. Snippet: There is severe food shortage in Bentiu, as trader....
2014/05/07 Kenya President Kenyatta receives the four politicians who were inconclusively tried for coup plotting: Pagan Amum, Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth, Majak D'Agoot and Oyay Deng. The four are expected to participate in the peace talks in Ethiopia. Snippet: Kenya President Kenyatta receives the four politic....
2014/05/08 UNMISS releases a landmark report on atrocities during the 2013/4 rebellion, which contends not only that war crimes have taken place but that these are systematic enough to indicate crimes against humanity. It recommends that if GRSS continues not to provide an adequate system of legal accountability then the international community should set up a hybrid or special tribunal. Snippet: UNMISS releases a landmark report on atrocities du....
2014/05/07 Food rations in refugee camps in Maban County (Upper Nile) are inadequate. UNHCR and WFP blames the fighting between GRSS and rebels for insecurity which hinders the transportation of supplies. Snippet: Food rations in refugee camps in Maban County (Upp....
2014/05/06 The UN Secretary-General says he understands that LRA leader Joseph Kony is hiding in Sudan-controlled areas of the disputed border area between Sudan and South Sudan, near the border with CAR. Snippet: The UN Secretary-General says he understands that ....
2014/05/04 to 2014/05/07 At least 11,000 people cross to Ethiopia as refugees in three days following the SPLA's capture of Nasir from the SPLM/A-IO rebels, according to UNHCR. Snippet: At least 11,000 people cross to Ethiopia as refuge....
2014/05 Yei police arrest three men dressed in women’s clothing, which the Yei Police Chief Commissioner says is a crime. The men are later tried in the customary court and released for lack of clear evidence against them. The court warns girls against dressing in tight clothing which may incite crime. Snippet: Yei police arrest three men dressed in women’s clothing, which the Y....
2014/05/06 US State Secretary Kerry ‘condemns in the strongest terms' GRSS offensives in Bentiu, Nasir and other places shortly after he had received a personal assurance from President Kiir on implementing the 23 Jan Cessation of Hostilities Agreement. Snippet: US State Secretary Kerry ‘condemns in the strong....
2014/05/06 UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon meets President Kiir in Juba. A GRSS press release states that Kiir commended the role played by Hilde Johnson as head of UNMISS and that GRSS is committed to the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement and the humanitarian Month of Tranquility in May. A 'top aide' of Kiir also says that Kiir agreed to the idea of forming an interim administration with Riek Machar and others, according to Sudan Tribune. Snippet: UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon meets President K....
2014/05/06 The US Treasury Department imposes sanctions on generals Marial Chanuong and Peter Gatdet Yak. Marial is the commander of the presidential guards, seen as responsible for ethnic killings of Nuer people in Juba on 15-18th December. Gatdet is the former commander of the SPLA 8th Division, whose mutiny and attack on Bor on 18th December apparently involved ethnic killings of Dinka people, as did the rebel attack on Bentiu in April, which he is thought to have led. The sanctions freeze any US assets of the two generals and stop US companies and citizens doing business with them. Snippet: The US Treasury Department imposes sanctions on ge....
2014/05/05 A renewed commitment to allow free movement of persons and goods - especially humanitarian aid - is signed by representatives of GRSS (Nhial Deng Nhial) and SPLM/A-IO (Taban Deng). This had already basically been included in the 23rd January Cessation of Hostilities Agreement which has largely broken down. The new document more specifically includes a commitment to 'consider one month of tranquility from 7 May to 7 June' to allow cultivation and movement of aid and displaced people. Snippet: A renewed commitment to allow free movement of per....
2014/05/04 SPLA recaptures Nasir and Bentiu, and repulses a rebel attack on Renk. Amid diplomatic pressure to implement the 23 January Cessation of Hostilities Agreement, the presidency claims that the SPLA marched into the towns after they had been deserted by the rebel forces. However, other reports had spoken of heavy fighting. Snippet: SPLA recaptures Nasir and Bentiu, and repulses a r....
2014/05/02 US State Secretary Kerry meets President Kiir and reports that Kiir has committed to take 'forceful' steps to implement the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement and to engage in discussions on a transitional government. Kiir is also ready to meet Riek Machar in Addis Ababa next week. Kerry also emphasized the importance of stopping verbal attacks on humanitarian workers. He reveals the extent of his personal communications with Kiir since 15 December and says the US does not 'put any kind of equivalency' between the elected government and rebels who sought power by force. Snippet: US State Secretary Kerry meets President Kiir and ....
2014/05/03 Salva Kiir and Riek Machar both showed lack of concern about the risk of famine, while prioritizing their personal power struggles, says the UN Human Rights Commissioner, reporting to a meeting of the Security Council after visiting both leaders in South Sudan. She warned the leaders that investigations will examine how far they and their colleagues 'either knew, should have known, or failed to take all necessary and reasonable measures to prevent war crimes and crimes against humanity'. She points out that UNMISS still lacks agreed funds and personnel which are 'desperately needed'. Snippet: Salva Kiir and Riek Machar both showed lack of con....
2014/05/01 US State Secretary Kerry says he sees risks of both genocide and famine in South Sudan, and was 'frankly disappointed' by the responses of Salva Kiir and Riek Machar when he discussed these matters with them. Snippet: US State Secretary Kerry says he sees risks of bot....
2014/04/30 Ann Itto, acting Secretary-General of the SPLM, apparently takes a position contrary to President Kiir, in welcoming possible US sanctions targeted against individual wrongdoers, and not seeing this as sanctions against South Sudan. Snippet: Ann Itto, acting Secretary-General of the SPLM, ap....
2014/04/29 Eastern Equatoria State warns Jonglei State to stay out of Kasengor Payam, which it says is part of Kapoeta East County, not Pibor County. It comes after a letter emerges written by Defence Minister Kuol Manyang (formerly governor of Jonglei) directing the release of two vehicles to the "Jie community in Kasengor payam [district] of Pibor county". An MP of Pibor South calls the EES claim a lie. The emergence of the issue seems to be related to demands made by David Yau Yau's rebel group in peace negotiations with GRSS. Snippet: Eastern Equatoria State warns Jonglei State to sta....
2014/04/30 The National Crisis Management Committee is blamed by the NBGS Education Minister for still blocking payment of teachers' February salaries, leading to stoppages of schooling in the state. Snippet
2014/04/29 Riek Machar recently received a delegation of African, US, British, Norwegian, UN and IGAD envoys at his base in the field. Some are trying to arrange a face-to-face meeting between him and President Kiir. Snippet
2014/04/29 The UN humanitarian chief in South Sudan, Toby Lanzerh, asks the warring parties to observe a month of tranquility during May. This is to allow disaster-affected people to move more freely, and to allow farming in the crucial cultivation period. Snippet
2014/04/29 The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Special Envoy for the Prevention of Genocide meet rebel leader Riek Machar and receive assurances that he is investigating human rights violations among his forces, and is concerned about protection of civilians. But they seem to hint that the pressure of accountability for human rights violations will be reduced if peace is achieved. Snippet
2014/04/26 President Kenyatta of Kenya makes a strong statement on the need of regional nations to put a stop to atrocities and the possibility of genocide in South Sudan. Snippet
2014/04/27 The acting governor of Lakes State, Matur Chut, urges youth to join the military, saying the country needs them for protection using the principle of 'an eye for an eye'. Snippet
2014/04/28 James Hoth Mai, recently sacked as SPLA General Chief of Staff, says the great majority of SPLA soldiers are illiterate and have tribal loyalty to former commanders or warlords who recruited them, and this is a cause of the current crisis. He also says he does not feel bad about being removed from the post, as he was under pressure, blamed by both Dinka and Nuer for being against them. Snippet
2014/04/17 MPs of and other policians of Ananatak area in Tonj East County are criticized for failing to make peace initiatives in the inter-communal conflicts between Kongor and Thiik, and Luanykoth and Akok Tek. Prominent politicians include Awut Deng Acuil and Wek Mamer. Snippet 1875
2014/04/26 to 2014/04/27 A large defection of SPLA soldiers in Wau leads to fighting, and also to panic especially among Nuer citizens. The state government seeks to avert ethnic violence by mounting joint patrols. But about 700 flee to the UNMISS camp. One of the defecting generals explains that the action came because Nuer soldiers felt under threat from their Dinka colleagues especially after the recent defections and fighting in Mapel. Snippet 1874
2014/04/27 Dinka youth in the northern part of Upper Nile State have reportedly been mobilized on behalf of GRSS to help defend the Paloich oilfields. Snippet
2014/04/24 to 2014/04/25 Tensions within SPLA forces in Mapel (WBGS) reportedly lead to heavy fighting and defection of about 150 soldiers. Snippet
2014/04/25 SPLM-in-Opposition claims its forces killed 69 JEM fighters and captured 14 landcruisers in JEM colours in Unity State. JEM denies it had any forces there. Snippet
2015/04/25 A press release from SPLM-in-Opposition denies its forces carried out targeted killings of civilians in Bentiu. It accuses GRSS and its allies in JEM of killing civilians before they left the town in order to frame the rebels. It also denies any official broadcasting of hate speech, while conceding that individuals might have expressed anger during talk shows. It accuses UNMISS of getting the story from GRSS and not investigating independently. Snippet 1870
2014/04/26 The CPJ (Citizens for Peace and Justice) calls on both GRSS and rebels to publicly denounce the crimes committed by their own forces, and hold the perpetrators accountable. It also calls for adherence to January's Cessation of Hostilities agreement, admission of civil society representatives to the IGAD-facilitated negotiations, and free secure access for the AU Commission of Inquiry. Snippet
2014/04/25 The special court trying four alleged coup-plotters agrees to stay the case on the request of the Justice Ministry 'in order to promote peace and reconciliation among our people'. Pagan Amum says the four will now work on making national peace. Presidential spokesman says the rebels can no longer demand realease of the four as a precondition of talks. President Kiir says the four are now 'free like any citizen in South Sudan'. But he also orders that they should not leave the country, saying that they are needed for reconciliation, and that the case against them is stayed but not cancelled. Snippet 1865
2014/04/23 SPLM-DC Chairman, Lam Akol, in Juba, urges youth not to allow themselves to be exploited for others' political and military ambitions. Snippet
2014/04/22 The UK Foreign Office Minister for Africa states that 'those in positions of influence in South Sudan' will be held accountable for atrocities if they incite them. Snippet
2014/04/23 Leer and Mayom Counties of Unity State have fallen under the control of rebels, admits Information Minister Michael Makuei. He blames traitors within the SPLA, and asserts that the key towns will be recaptured within 24 hours. Snippet
2014/04/23 Information Minister Michael Makuei alleges that people were turned away from shelter in the UN base during the rebel capture of Bentiu the previous week; an allegation which is rebutted by UNMISS. Snippet
2014/04/23 to 2014/04/26 A meeting is held between members of the SPLM Political Bureau, including four loyalists of Salva Kiir and four from the 'SPLM 7' former detainees. They are faciliated by the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) and African National Congress (ANC) of South Africa. Riek Machar and members of his negotiating team are invited to participate but decline saying that the problems 'have become a national issue'. Nevertheless the participants claim success in setting objectives, agenda and rules of engagement for a formal meeting of the Political Bureau. Snippet 1855
2014/04/21 UNMISS in Unity State (which now shelters 22,000 in its protection site) urgently needs reinforcements, but the Ghanaian battalion assigned there still has not arrived. Snippet
2014/04/19 Over 100 people were killed in a cattle raid in a remote area of Warrap State, according to a local information minister. 85 of the dead were alleged attackers being pursued by police and soldiers. Snippet
2014/04 Following the rebel capture of Bentiu town in mid-April, some SPLM-in-Opposition commanders broadcast ethnic hate-speech, and call for vengeful sexual violence against women based on their ethnicity. (Others call for reconciliation.) Snippet 1840
2014/04/15 to 2014/04/16 Over 200 civilians were murdered in Kali-Ballee Mosque and other places when rebels linked to SPLM-in-Opposition captured Bentiu, according to UNMISS investigations. The murder involved separation of different categories of people, largely on ethnic lines, but also targeting people who failed to show allegiance to the rebels. The UN vows that the killings will further investigate the atrocities and that 'perpetrators and their commanders shall be held accountable'. UNMISS managed to extract some other hundreds of people from the situation. Snippet 1839
2014/04/17 The recent fall of Bentiu is blamed by a top military officer contacted by Sudan Tribune on lack of ammunition, and the failure of people 'close to the president' to arrange timely funding for an air flight of new supplies. Snippet
2014/04/18 to 2014/04/20 Reactions to the recent attack on the Bor UN compound by local youth: *Jonglei governor John Kong Nyuon deplores it and vows that the state government will investigate and take measures against the perpetrators. *National information minister Michael Makuei, claims the attack was provoked when UNMISS forces fired warning shots. *President Kiir calls it an ‘irresponsible act by irresponsible people’. *UN Security Council expresses outrage and warns that such attacks against civilians and peacekeepers 'may constitute a war crime'. Snippet 1827
2014/04/17 At least 58 people are killed when local youth invade the UN compound and begin shooting at people sheltered there. UN peacekeepers fight back. There are reports that the attack was triggered when camp residents celebrated the fall of Bentiu to rebel forces. Snippet 1824
2014/04/17 President Kiir orders the Ministers of Interior, Defense and National Security to remove illegal checkpoints on major roads, especially in order to facilitate humanitarian aid. Snippet
2014/04/15 Sudan criticizes IGAD mediators approach to the talks between South Sudan and rebels. It suggests they are following the agenda of Western countries in trying to impose an interim government. It says the talks should involve other parties and civil society, and that Sudan would be well placed to make the proposals. Snippet
2014/04/15 Employees of Safinat Caspian Oil Refining Company, building a refinery about 25km from Bentiu, come under attack (presumably by rebel forces) are extracted by UN peacekeepers to Bentiu. Five of them are wounded, two critically. Snippet
2014/04/11 to 2014/04/12 About 40 people are killed in inter-communal clashes in Rumbek East County (Lakes State): between Durbaar and Durceek clans and between Panyar and Nyuei clans. Snippet
2014/04/14 SPLM-in-Opposition again captures Bentiu, the capital of Unity State, three months after GRSS forces captured it. Snippet
2014/04 The new NPPR (National Platform for Peace and Reconciliation) initiative intends to establish a 'body of truth' by engaging many different parts of society, hearing individual and community grievances going back many years, documenting them systematically, aiming to develop a 'new culture of honesty, openness and truth', which can then support other processes of engagement with powerful actors. Snippet
2014/04/12 A Call for Action on South Sudan is issued by representatives of the USA, EU and UN, meeting in Washington DC. It says the next three months are critical for averting a famine which could affect seven million people. It urges donors to provide USD 232m for the next three months. It also urges the warring parties to stop fighting and to respect international law. Snippet
2013 At least five chiefs are dismissed during 2013 by the acting governor of Lakes State, Matur Chut Dhuol. The main reason is failure to arrest suspects in inter-communal killings. But the chiefs say this is the job of police. Snippet
2014/04/10 Presidency minister Awan Riak meets US Secretary of State John Kerry in Washington. A USG press release describes the discussion as 'frank'. Kerry is brash, saying the US 'will not stand by while the hopes of a nation are held hostage to short-sighted and destructive actors'. Snippet

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Reference Mini-review
Mapuor Malual Manguen, 2014/07/14. Bibliography item: Mapuor Malual Manguen (2014/07/14) "The Conspiracy behind South Sudanese Mysterious peace Talks". (Article). PaanLuel Wël. [Article] PaanLuel Wël. Accessed online.

Surmises that the slow progress of peace talks reflects a lack of interest by neighbours (Sudan, the AU, IGAD) in peace. The mediation approach seems complicated deliberately to make things move slowly.

Jérôme Tubiana, 2014/07/14. Bibliography item: Jérôme Tubiana (2014/07/14) "Civil Society and the South Sudan Crisis". (Article). International Crisis Group. [Article] International Crisis Group. Accessed online.

A 2,000-word article, which examines the problem of including civil society in current peace talks between GRSS and rebels in Addis Ababa. It sees such involvement as essential; civil society voice should not be left to a later dialogue/reconciliation process. But it argues that 'civil society' should mean more than organizations which are often influenced by donor funders and by ethnic politics. There should be: more emphasis on community and religious leaders; many representatives, to reduce risks of imbalance; and sensitivity to security risks arising for civil society representatives.

Juma Mabor Marial, 2014/07/08. Bibliography item: Juma Mabor Marial (2014/07/08) "IGAD and International Community (TRIOKA) are not doing enough to end Conflict in South Sudan". (Article). South Sudan News Agency. [Article] South Sudan News Agency. Accessed online.

The title of this 2,400-word article is a little misleading. The author rather argues that the Troika countries (USA, UK and Norway) through the IGAD mediators are intruding too much in the Addis Ababa peace talks. It articulates the view that they are trying to impose a substantive outcome through their insistence on the involvement of third-party stakeholders such as dissident politicians and civil society groups. But too many civil society representatives turn out to be self-interested and covertly aligned. They should instead be involved in a post-agreement National Dialogue Conference.

Beny Gideon Mabor, 2014/07/04. Bibliography item: Beny Gideon Mabor (2014/07/04) "The dilemma of IGAD-led peace process for South Sudan". (Article). Sudan Tribune. [Article] Sudan Tribune. Accessed online.

In this short article, one of the representatives of civil society at the South Sudan peace process in Addis Ababa reflects on the slow progress and current suspension of the talks. He argues that some of the blame rests with IGAD's mediation, which 'wasted a lot of time in procedural aspects than on substantive issues'. He would like to see a new mediation strategy 'including mandating the IGAD Special Envoys with powers to decide on certain substantive matters'.

Daniel Akech Thiong, 2014/06/06. Bibliography item: Daniel Akech Thiong (2014/06/06) "Why SSP Gained Agains USD After Dec. 15, 2014". (Article). Gurtong. [Article] Gurtong. Accessed online.

Short article with interesting economic analysis. Plausibly argues that the main reason for the SSP's strength in the last six months is the non-payment of government salaries, particularly to soldiers who defected.

ABA Rule of Law Initiative, 2014/06. Bibliography item: ABA Rule of Law Initiative (2014/06) "Assessment of Justice, Accountability and Reconciliation Measures in South Sudan". (Report). American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative. [Report] American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative. Accessed online.

21-page report. Probably the most authoritative assessment so far that GRSS has failed seriously to investigate the atrocities since December 2013 or move to prosecute perpetrators. Reporting fears that the AU Commission of Inquiry might deflect such investigation and prosecution, the report calls for a new mechanism involving professional investigation teams with a UN Chapter VII mandate. It also calls for international reinforcement of the National Platform for Peace and Reconciliation (NPPR) initiative. (The report was funded but not necessarily endorsed by the US State Department.)

Marjoke Oosterom, 2014/05/30. Bibliography item: Marjoke Oosterom (2014/05/30) "‘It May Approach as Quickly as a Bushfire’: Gendered Violence and Insecurity in South Sudan". (Report). IDS (Institute of Development Studies), UK. [Report] IDS (Institute of Development Studies), UK. Accessed online.

Based on research among mainly Latuko people in Imuruk Payam, Torit County, this 66-page academic-style report looks at how women and men see the threat of violence and respond differently to it. People in the study area had an acute sense of the possibility of violence coming to their area, because of their general understanding of the character of the state in South Sudan. Among many responses and strategies mentioned, men prepare to fight defensively, women and girls are cautious about where they go.

Harry Verhoeven, 2014/05/30. Bibliography item: Harry Verhoeven (2014/05/30) "South Sudan conflict destabilizes Ethiopia’s regional strategy". (Article). Radio Tamazuj. [Article] Radio Tamazuj. Accessed online.

This 1000-word article points out the special interest of Ethiopia in regional stability - an interest built on the potential for the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam to export power to neighbouring countries - and hence in South Sudan stability. In passing, it states that Uganda President Museveni consulted with the US (in the person of National Security Advisor Susan Rice) before sending its troops to help GRSS fight the rebels in December 2013.

Michael Medley, 2014/05/22. Bibliography item: Michael Medley (2014/05/22) "May Awakening: South Sudan famine raises memories of 1998". (Article). African Arguments. [Article] African Arguments. Accessed online.

This 2,700-word article examines similaries and differences between the 1998 Bahr al-Ghazal famine and the (prospective) famine in 2014. It draws attention to the tendency of political-military events to distract timely attention from likely humanitarian needs, but also for a humanitarian agenda to disguise political-military agendas, interests and outcomes. It warns of the difficulty of controlling the dynamics of camps and relief distributions, and the near-inevitability that much of the relief will be stolen by armed groups and other powerful local actors.

Lual Magok, 2014/05/20. Bibliography item: Lual Magok (2014/05/20) "What is Government Programme toward Citizens who Stranded in UNMISS Camps". (Article). Nyamilepedia. [Article] Nyamilepedia. Accessed online.

This 1,300-word article, based on informal research in UNMISS camps in Juba, looks at why Nuer people still refuse to leave the camps. Besides stronger assurance of physical security, they need ways of recovering the homes, possessions and jobs, many of which have been taken over by others. The article lists ten measures which GRSS must take in order to exercise its duty of care and protection.

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