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conflict (inter-communal)

Date Snippet Page
2014/05/23 156 people are reported dead in clashes between youth from Rumbek North and Cueibet Counties, Lakes State, according to police. The dead are mainly from Waat and Panyar sections. Many died in an ambush when returning home with raided cattle. Communities do not co-operate much with police investigations. A peace conference had started by 27 May. Snippet: 156 people are reported dead in clashes between youth from Rumbek Nort....
2014/04/17 MPs of and other policians of Ananatak area in Tonj East County are criticized for failing to make peace initiatives in the inter-communal conflicts between Kongor and Thiik, and Luanykoth and Akok Tek. Prominent politicians include Awut Deng Acuil and Wek Mamer. Snippet 1875
2014/04/11 to 2014/04/12 About 40 people are killed in inter-communal clashes in Rumbek East County (Lakes State): between Durbaar and Durceek clans and between Panyar and Nyuei clans. Snippet
2013 At least five chiefs are dismissed during 2013 by the acting governor of Lakes State, Matur Chut Dhuol. The main reason is failure to arrest suspects in inter-communal killings. But the chiefs say this is the job of police. Snippet
2014/04/01 to 2014/04/02 Six women and two children are killed in Ngapagok village, Tonj East, in conflict between member of Akok and Luac-Koth communities. Snippet
2014/03/31 16 are killed (including 14 women) and 130 cattle are taken in a raid in Twic County (Warrap State) by men thought to be from Unity State. Snippet
2014/03/31 8 people are reported killed and 14 wounded in an inter-communal attack in Rumbek County (Lakes State). Members of Nyan, Amotnhiim and Panguerkur clans are reported to have attacked members of Dhiei clan during a traditional ceremony. Snippet
2014/03 Representatives of the Maban community near Yousif Batil refugee camp (Maban County, Upper Nile) ask the government - through its Committee on Refugee Affairs - to lead a process to stabilize and resolve their conflict with the refugees. UNHCR is trying to help this process. Snippet
2014/03 Fifteen more people are killed in further feuding between sub-sections of Kook Pacuar (Agar Dinka) in Rumbek East County. The state government is blamed by some for failing to investigate and prosecute the previous crimes, or send security forces to keep the peace. Snippet
2014/03 Local people impose an ultimatum of two months for refugees from Blue Nile to leave their camp areas in Maban County. There have been clashes causing re-displacement of many refugees. One reason for hostilities is that the refugees are cutting trees for their shelters. There is also competition for firewood, grass and grazing land. The situation is made worse by interruption of relief food supplies. Snippet 1660
2014/03 49 people (34 one week, 15 the next) are reported killed in fighting between Waat and Panyar clans in Cueibet County (Lakes State). The conflict was sparked when a girl from Panyaar became pregnant apparently by a man from Waat. Snippet 1623
2014/03/13 Increased tensions in northern Abyei risk sparking a new war, warns the Enough Project. SPLA cadres have been interfering with Misseriya seasonal migration. The existing agreement to demilitarize the area should be honoured, and the international community should pay attention to this. Snippet
2014/03 A cattle-camp youth in Lakes State claims that government investigation and enforcement of compensation can break the cycle of violence in cattle raiding, but that the government has not kept its promises in this regard. Snippet 1599
2014/03/09 Nine people are killed in fighting between Manuer and Gaak clans in Maper, Rumbek North County, believed to have begun in rivalry of men for a girl. Snippet
2014/03/01 The EES governor agrees that army and police should be sent to Nauro Payam (Budi County) to prevent violence between Toposa and Didinga groups. This follows initial report by state MPs on the recent reported massacre. More investigations are to be set up. Snippet
2014/02 19 people are killed in apparently ethnicity-related violence (Toposa, Didinga) in Ngauro Payam, Budi County, Eastern Equatoria. The NLA creates a committee to investigate. Snippet
2014/02/18 At least 10 people are killed in inter-communal violence in UN camp at Malakal, where people are seeking refuge from fighting around town. Snippet: At least 10 people are killed in inter-communal vi....
2014/02 to 2014/03 A peace dialogue is held in Tonj South between Apuk-Jurwiir and Thony communities, initiated by Warrap State government. A further dialogue is held in mid-March with support from UNMISS. Snippet 1377
2013/10/20 to 2013/10/24 There is a major raid on civilians in Twic East County on 20th October, apparently by forces liked to David Yau Yau. 79 people are killed including women and children. President Kiir strongly condemns it but urges the aggrieved communities to 'exercise restraint and remain calm while the law takes its course'. Snippet 1357
2013/10 Tonj North County (Warrap State) launches a campaign to stop civilians carrying illegal firearms. The campaign is supported by Saferworld and The Organization of Children Harmony (TOCH). Tonj North and Tonj East have already agreed to limit the carrying of firearms in each other's territories. Snippet 1355
2013/10/03 Anyuak paramount chief in Akobo County (Jonglei State), Chol Odio, and other Anyuak in the county, are killed, apparently by Lou Nuer youth. Snippet
2013/09 to 2013/10 Neighbouring border communities from the triangle area of South Sudan, Kenya and Uganda hold a peace conference in Kapoeta East. Snippet
2013/08/02 The caretaker governor of Lakes State, Matur Chut Dhuol, urges all civilians to surrender their weapons, and orders the army to shoot any armed civilian. (?in Rumbek East County?) Snippet
2013/08/02 Following the killing of two teachers, apparently in feuding involving the Pamany sub-section, the caretaker governor of Lakes State, Maj-Gen Matur Chut Dhuol orders the closure of all primary schools in Rumbek East County, and threatens chiefs with dismissal if they don't identify the likely culprits. Snippet
2013/07 There is a new round of at least three killings in the feud between Pathoth and Pamany sub-sections of Kok Dinka in Rumbek East. Snippet
2013/02 The acting governor of Lakes State orders imprisonment of 50 members of Pamany and Pathoth, feuding sub-sections of Kok Dinka. They are held without charge. Snippet 1041
2013/02 Members of Apuk community of Tonj East attacked Thony community of Tonj South, killing 7 and looting 400 cattle. (SCRN, 15 February 2013) Snippet 669
2013/02 The Terekeka County Commissioner calls Mundari cattle-owners outside the county to return, noting the creation of conflict with neighbouring communities and ill effects on female education. But the Mundari cattle trade has a business association based in Yei River County. Snippet 660
2012/12 5,000 people were temporarily displaced and 500 homes destroyed in inter-communal fighting in WBGS. Snippet 647
2013/01 Fighting between Deer and Koch clans of Makuac Payam, in a longstanding dispute over toic land, brings four deaths. The army launches a campaign to disarm them (which calls into question the effectiveness of the disarmament campaign launched in March 2012). Snippet 611
2013/02 Lakes State caretaker governor, Major General Matur Chut Dhuol, threatens to shut down the state parliament if it discusses ethnically-sensitive politics. He also says that human rights people will not have access to people arrested for recent inter-ethnic clashes. Snippet 609
2012/08 Aug 2012: in WBGS, 67 graduate from “Motherland” military training, apparently designed to help transcend tribal conflict (CRN 13 Aug 2012) Snippet 594
2012/08 Aug 2012: Governor Nyandeng is accused by some politicians in Warrap of excluding minorities (especially Bongo) from government in Warrap State, and of general incompetence (ST 26 Aug) Snippet 592
2012/11 Nov 2012: EES has a Council of Traditional Authority Leadership (COTAL) for matters including local peace processes, which is dissolved and re-elected this month. (Gurtong, 5 Nov) Snippet 585
2012/07 2012: Community division means that Lopa/Lafon resists a single county commissioner. Instead in July the Governor appoints separate administrators for Lafon and Imehejek corridors (CRN 18 July 2012) Snippet 584
2012/04/17 Torit peace talks over Magwe situation, 17-21 Apr 2012. See Miraya and SCRN reports Snippet 583
2012/06 Commissioner of Terekeka, Clement Maring, claims Mangalla payam for his county. But Bari youth say it belongs to Juba county. (CRN 19 June 2012) Snippet 581
Reference Mini-review
Zechariah Manyok Biar, 2014/05/18. Bibliography item: Zechariah Manyok Biar (2014/05/18) "How leaders contribute to tribalism in South Sudan". (Article). Sudan Tribune. [Article] Sudan Tribune. Accessed online.

This 1,000-word article contends that tribal conflicts are inflamed when political and military leaders surround themselves with bodyguards [and other staff] from their own tribe. In many South Sudan cultures, the author writes, the elders give orders to youth indirectly. For a leader in a modern state institution this has inappropriate political and legal consequences. The author recommends a legal ban on speech which belittles any ethnic group, or which suggests that one group is above the others. He also wants law to give a people freedom to live as a citizen in any state of South Sudan.

Juma Mabor Marial, 2014/05/11. Bibliography item: Juma Mabor Marial (2014/05/11) "The Genesis and Phenomenon of Intra-Clans’ Conflict and Revenge Attacks in Lakes State". (Article). South Sudan News Agency. [Article] South Sudan News Agency. Accessed online., Accessed online., Accessed online.

In this three-part article, totalling over six thousand words, Juma Mabor Marial suggests there is an innate tendency for clan feuding among the Galweng (cattle-herding youth), and blames leaders and educated elites for failing to curb it. He says it was limited more effectively during the war before 2005, due to the strength of relatively uninhibited military rule. But since then, although governors have had military backgrounds, the peacetime conditions did not allow them to impose force so easily, and they were not educated enough to find civil ways of governing.

Juliana Bol, 2014/04/05. Community-led peace process, an alternative to IGAD [Article] Sudan Tribune. Accessed online.

In view of the slowness and difficulty of progress in the IGAD-led peace process, this article helps set an agenda for community-level peace processes which may not be dependent on it. It outlines the main tasks that would be involved, drawing on historical examples of such processes, particularly the Wunlit and Lillir meetings of 1999-2000. In passing it notes that one of the main recommendations of the Wunlit and Lillir meetings - re-estabishment of the older series of annual peace meetings at Fangak - has not been implemented.

David K. Deng, 2013/03. Challenges of accountability: an assessment of dispute resolution processes in rural South Sudan [Report] South Sudan Law Society; PACT. Accessed online.

This important report observes that the government has tackled inter-communal violence through blanket amnesties, peace conferences and harsh military institutions, but argues that there should be more emphasis on prosecutions through the law and order system. But this needs more resources for wider and more consistent coverage, a system of legal aid, clarification of the role of paralegals; new legislation on family law and gender-based violence; and more support for military justice services. There are also helpful recommendations for law institutions, UNMISS and donors.

UNMISS, 2012/06. Incidents of inter-communal violence in Jonglei State [Report] United Nations Mission in South Sudan. Accessed online.
LPI, 2012. New routes: Peace in Sudan? A window of opportunity [Report] Uppsala: Life and Peace Institute. Accessed online.
Richard Reeve, 2012. Peace and conflict assessment of South Sudan 2012 [Article] International Alert. Accessed online.
Mark Bradbury and others, 2006. Local peace processes in Sudan [Report] Rift Valley Institute. Accessed online.

Attempts a general survey, catalogue and analysis of local peace processes, and includes a critique of aid-sponsored 'people-to-people' initiatives. Also includes an ethnic map of Sudan (as it was before the independence of South Sudan).

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