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Ethiopia

Date Snippet Page
2014/05/09 Salva Kiir and Riek Machar sign a peace agreement in Addis Ababa. The agreement (proposed in outline by mediators from the Government of Ethiopia on behalf of IGAD and negotiated in detail by shuttling between the two leaders) involves a truce to take place within 24 hours, and the formation of a 'government of national unity'. It also pledges respect for humanitarian corridors and the UN. The Prime Minister of Ethiopia and the US State Secretary both call it a 'breakthrough' in the peace process. Snippet: Salva Kiir and Riek Machar sign a peace agreement in Addis Ababa. The ....
2014/05/04 to 2014/05/07 At least 11,000 people cross to Ethiopia as refugees in three days following the SPLA's capture of Nasir from the SPLM/A-IO rebels, according to UNHCR. Snippet: At least 11,000 people cross to Ethiopia as refuge....
2014/04/26 to 2014/04/28 President Kiir and other GRSS ministers attend the annual Tana High-Level Forum on Security in Africa, which this year focuses on illicit financial flows. There is opportunity to meet other African leaders. Among Kiir's meetings are ones with the leaders of Ethiopia and Sudan. Snippet 1879
2014/04/23 to 2014/04/26 A meeting is held between members of the SPLM Political Bureau, including four loyalists of Salva Kiir and four from the 'SPLM 7' former detainees. They are faciliated by the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) and African National Congress (ANC) of South Africa. Riek Machar and members of his negotiating team are invited to participate but decline saying that the problems 'have become a national issue'. Nevertheless the participants claim success in setting objectives, agenda and rules of engagement for a formal meeting of the Political Bureau. Snippet 1855
2014/04/07 IGAD mediators drop their demand that the 'SPLM 7' group be included in the main peace talks with GRSS and Riek Machar's rebels. Their inclusion had been a stumbling-block for GRSS participation. IGAD and the Government of Ethiopia sidestepped the problem by creating a separate process for extra internal dialogue in the SPLM. Snippet
2014/04 There is no secondary school in Pochalla County. The main option for students seeking secondary education is to go to Ethiopia. Snippet
2014/03/29 The Government of Ethiopia seems to be trying to stop the country being used as a route for South Sudanese to travel to rebel-held areas. Snippet
2014/03/23 A defence cooperation deal is reportedly signed with Egypt, when Defence Minister Kuol Manyang leads a delegation to Cairo: a deal which seems to open a prospect of Egyptian military aid. But Foreign Affairs Minister Marial later seems to dismiss a military aspect of the trip, saying it was mainly about receiving Egypt's assurance of diplomatic support for the elected government, and offering South Sudan's help for Egypt to resolve its dispute with Ethiopia over Nile waters. Snippet 1682
2014/03 Hundreds of young South Sudanese have fled from government-held areas of South Sudan to Ethiopia, and are going via Addis Ababa and Gambella to fight on the rebel side. Snippet
2014/03/05 Five East African countries have agreed to take part in a protection and stabilization force in South Sudan, by arrangement with IGAD, the AU and the UN. The countries are: Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Djibouti and Burundi. Snippet 1542
2014/03/05 Local residents report at least six killings outside Giyada (HQ) barracks, where the army says five soldiers were killed in an internal pay dispute. One reported incident was of a targeted killing of two Nuer soldiers hiding in a private compound, and an Ethiopian who tried to protect them. Another reported incident involved the deaths of two Ugandans and a South Sudanese person in the Jabarona market area. Snippet 1538
2014/02/20 Two GRSS agents are arrested by Ethiopian authorities in Gambella for interference in local affairs, trying to pay eastern Nuer not to support the rebellion in South Sudan, according to a report in Upper Nile Times. Snippet
2013 The town authorities of Aweil and state authorities of NBGS are welcoming and appreciative of Ethiopian and Eritrean investors who rent land and make concrete buildings. Snippet 1208
2013/05 to 2013/07 About 5,000 South Sudanese people from Jonglei became refugees in Gambella (Ethiopia) between May and July 2013, according to a UNHCR official interviewed by Sudan Tribune. Snippet 1015
2013/01/27 President Kiir meets President Bashir of Sudan in the presence of other heads of state on the sidelines of the AU summit in Addis Ababa. The meeting is convened by the Ethiopian prime minister in an attempt to make progress on resolving their disputes, but little apparent progress is made. (AllAfrica, 28 January 2013) Snippet 632
2013/02 'In practice, most of the investment in South Sudan is still from neighboring countries, especially Kenya (for banking and transport), Uganda (for retail and telecoms), Ethiopia (for hotels), and Eritrea (for retail and hotels)' (Alex de Waal, 2013) Snippet 602
2012/08 2012 Aug : Roads are being planned in Upper Nile for trade with Ethiopia (SRS 15 Aug) Snippet 591
2012/08 Dak Kuyet, leader of a predominantly Nuer renegade group which had links with George Athor, attempted to mobilize within Ethiopia, but in Aug 2012 was attacked by Ethiopian army. 18 of his men were killed but he escaped (ST 18 Aug) Snippet 578
Reference Mini-review
Juma Mabor Marial, 2014/07/08. Bibliography item: Juma Mabor Marial (2014/07/08) "IGAD and International Community (TRIOKA) are not doing enough to end Conflict in South Sudan". (Article). South Sudan News Agency. [Article] South Sudan News Agency. Accessed online.

The title of this 2,400-word article is a little misleading. The author rather argues that the Troika countries (USA, UK and Norway) through the IGAD mediators are intruding too much in the Addis Ababa peace talks. It articulates the view that they are trying to impose a substantive outcome through their insistence on the involvement of third-party stakeholders such as dissident politicians and civil society groups. But too many civil society representatives turn out to be self-interested and covertly aligned. They should instead be involved in a post-agreement National Dialogue Conference.

Harry Verhoeven, 2014/05/30. Bibliography item: Harry Verhoeven (2014/05/30) "South Sudan conflict destabilizes Ethiopia’s regional strategy". (Article). Radio Tamazuj. [Article] Radio Tamazuj. Accessed online.

This 1000-word article points out the special interest of Ethiopia in regional stability - an interest built on the potential for the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam to export power to neighbouring countries - and hence in South Sudan stability. In passing, it states that Uganda President Museveni consulted with the US (in the person of National Security Advisor Susan Rice) before sending its troops to help GRSS fight the rebels in December 2013.

Salva Kiir Mayardit and Riek Machar Teny, 2014/05/09. Bibliography item: Salva Kiir Mayardit (2014/05/09) "Agreement to Resolve the Crisis in South Sudan". (Operating document). IGAD (Inter-Governmental Authority on Development). [Operating document] IGAD (Inter-Governmental Authority on Development). Accessed online.
Deng Mading Gatwech, 2014/05/05. Bibliography item: Deng Mading Gatwech (2014/05/05) "Geopolitics on Nile Water: Its Implications on S. Sudan Conflict". (Article). South Sudan News Agency. [Article] South Sudan News Agency. Accessed online.

Against a background of quickly-rising tensions between Egypt and Ethiopia over the latter's construction of its Grand Renaissance Dam, and recent indications of military aid from Egypt to GRSS, the author argues that Egypt may be seeking to use South Sudan for threatening or attacking the dam; a possibility which has serious implications for domestic and regional politics and security.

IRIN, 2014/03/19. Regional interests at stake in the South Sudan crisis [Article] IRIN Humanitarian News and Analysis. Accessed online.

Analysis of the motivations of South Sudan's key neighbours in the current crisis of rebellion and peace negotions.

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