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ethnic groups

Date Snippet Page
2014/07/04 Equatorians in the army and police are being disarmed, says the governor of CES. Snippet: Equatorians in the army and police are being disarmed, says the govern....
2014/05 Representatives of Anyuak and Jie communities say they do not want to be part of the Greater Pibor Administrative Area, which was negotiated by GRSS with the SSDM/A Cobra faction (David Yau Yau militia). Snippet: Representatives of Anyuak and Jie communities say they do not want to ....
2014/05/30 to 2014/05/31 Representatives of Misseriya and Dinka Malual peoples meet to discuss and regulate their cross-border relationship, at Wanyjok in NBGS. There are relatively few points of conflict this year, and they agree to encourage inter-marriages through inter-cultural dances. Snippet: Representatives of Misseriya and Dinka Malual peoples meet to discuss ....
2014/05/26 to 2014/05/27 Representatives of Rizeigat and Dinka Malual peoples meet in Gok Machar, NBGS, on their cross-border relationship. They review the implementation of 18 rules which they had agreed in January, and agree terms for Reizeigat cattle grazing in NBGS in the coming year. Snippet: Representatives of Rizeigat and Dinka Malual peoples meet in Gok Macha....
2014/05 Public cattle vaccination in NBGS is extended to cattle of nomadic Sudanese pastoralists (Rizeigat, Misseriya) as well as local herders. Snippet: Public cattle vaccination in NBGS is extended to cattle of nomadic Sud....
2014/04/29 Eastern Equatoria State warns Jonglei State to stay out of Kasengor Payam, which it says is part of Kapoeta East County, not Pibor County. It comes after a letter emerges written by Defence Minister Kuol Manyang (formerly governor of Jonglei) directing the release of two vehicles to the "Jie community in Kasengor payam [district] of Pibor county". An MP of Pibor South calls the EES claim a lie. The emergence of the issue seems to be related to demands made by David Yau Yau's rebel group in peace negotiations with GRSS. Snippet: Eastern Equatoria State warns Jonglei State to sta....
2014/04/17 MPs of and other policians of Ananatak area in Tonj East County are criticized for failing to make peace initiatives in the inter-communal conflicts between Kongor and Thiik, and Luanykoth and Akok Tek. Prominent politicians include Awut Deng Acuil and Wek Mamer. Snippet 1875
2014/04/27 Dinka youth in the northern part of Upper Nile State have reportedly been mobilized on behalf of GRSS to help defend the Paloich oilfields. Snippet
2014/04/11 to 2014/04/12 About 40 people are killed in inter-communal clashes in Rumbek East County (Lakes State): between Durbaar and Durceek clans and between Panyar and Nyuei clans. Snippet
2014/04/10 Timber companies operating in Kagelu National Forest agree to help build a new primary school in the area. This comes in a meeting at the headquarters of Yei River County chaired by the county commissioner after complaints from the local people that they were not gaining enough benefit from the government-licensed activities. The commissioner also suspends teak logging in the area until further measures are in place to ensure community benefits. Snippet 1797
2014/04/08 A peace conference between Rup and Kuei (Dinka) sections in Rumbek Central is set back after two MPs start fighting. Snippet
2014/04/01 to 2014/04/02 Six women and two children are killed in Ngapagok village, Tonj East, in conflict between member of Akok and Luac-Koth communities. Snippet
2014/04 Körgulu people in Yei River County block teak company operations for two days, complaining that the local community is not getting fair benefits from the resource harvesting. Some are reportedly beaten up by employees of Gambo and Sons Timber Company. Snippet 1748
2014/03/31 8 people are reported killed and 14 wounded in an inter-communal attack in Rumbek County (Lakes State). Members of Nyan, Amotnhiim and Panguerkur clans are reported to have attacked members of Dhiei clan during a traditional ceremony. Snippet
2014/03/28 A peace agreement is initialled by negotiators of GRSS and SSDM-Cobra (David Yauyau militia). The agreement is to create a Greater Pibor Administrative Area, similar to a new state. It also involves a special development fund, increased representation of Murle people in the National Legislative Assembly, and positions for Murle in the national government. The agreement was facilitated by a South Sudanese Church Leaders Mediation Initiative (CLMI). Snippet 1715
2014/03/21 A peace process is organized in Rumbek North county to reconcile youth from Gaak and Manuer sub-clans. Local MPs, chiefs and students take part. Snippet
2014/03 Fifteen more people are killed in further feuding between sub-sections of Kook Pacuar (Agar Dinka) in Rumbek East County. The state government is blamed by some for failing to investigate and prosecute the previous crimes, or send security forces to keep the peace. Snippet
2014/03 The Governor of EES concedes that the state is unable to relocate displaced people from Jonglei who have recently fled to Nimule area, despite the requests of local Madi people. Snippet
2014/03 Lainya County residents are fearful because of many armed cattle-herders who have fled to their county from Jonglei State since recent fighting there. Snippet
2014/03/13 Increased tensions in northern Abyei risk sparking a new war, warns the Enough Project. SPLA cadres have been interfering with Misseriya seasonal migration. The existing agreement to demilitarize the area should be honoured, and the international community should pay attention to this. Snippet
2014/03 The peace committee for relations between Rizeigat and Dinka Malual orders blood compensation of 41 cows (or money equivalent) from an SPLA soldier to the family of a Rizeigat man he killed. Snippet
2014/03/12 'Chollo Kingdom is undergoing ethnic cleansing' claims a diaspora group, adding that GRSS has not provided the required protection. Snippet
2014/03 Hundreds of young South Sudanese have fled from government-held areas of South Sudan to Ethiopia, and are going via Addis Ababa and Gambella to fight on the rebel side. Snippet
2014/03 Much of the recent killing is driven by motives of ethnic-based revenge rather than political struggle, according to an UNMISS commander and a recent HRW report. Snippet
2014/03 A customs and migration office is being set up at Majong, near the Sudan border in Aweil East (NBGS). The Interior Ministry says it will help businesses, create employment, and simplify border crossing procedures for migrant herders. Snippet
2014/03 Caretaker governor of Unity State, Joseph Nguen Monytuil, challenges President Kiir over the 5th March shootings of Nuer soldiers in HQ barracks, according to Upper Nile Times. Monytuil reportedly says the soldiers had been ordered out of the UNMISS compound by President Kiir and were unarmed and requesting their pay when shot. Kiir reportedly does not comment on this but suggests all SPLA other than presidential guards be disarmed while in Juba, a suggestion Monytuil rejects. Snippet
2014/03 Sudan says clashes between Misseriya and Ngok Dinka in the north of Abyei district on 1st March - in which 10 Misseriya were killed - were supported by the South Sudan army. Snippet 1535
2014/02/20 Two GRSS agents are arrested by Ethiopian authorities in Gambella for interference in local affairs, trying to pay eastern Nuer not to support the rebellion in South Sudan, according to a report in Upper Nile Times. Snippet
2014/03/01 The EES governor agrees that army and police should be sent to Nauro Payam (Budi County) to prevent violence between Toposa and Didinga groups. This follows initial report by state MPs on the recent reported massacre. More investigations are to be set up. Snippet
2014/03/01 A Yei municipality official says property 'left by Arabs' (particularly near the Municipality) will be taken over by the government, and that people living in such properties should move out 'without any quarrel'. Snippet 1504
2014/02 Twic East County (Jonglei state) apparently suffers a new raid by Murle. It is also facing a threat from Lau Nuer despite some of its chiefs allegedly having provided cattle to Riek's rebels in January, and the allegedly anti-government stance of Dr Majak Agoot, a son of the county and currently still in government detention. Snippet
2014/02 19 people are killed in apparently ethnicity-related violence (Toposa, Didinga) in Ngauro Payam, Budi County, Eastern Equatoria. The NLA creates a committee to investigate. Snippet
2014/01/21 The annual peace conference between Dinka Malual and Rizeigat in Gok Machar (NBGS) is abruptly postponed, reportedly due to another commitment of the organizing committee in Eastern Darfur. Snippet
2014/01 The Madi community of Magwi County (EES) says it has no space to accommodate people displaced from Jonglei during the rebellion. The government of EES offers to transport them to the counties of Torit and Kapoeta South instead and that the displaced have agreed. Snippet
2014/02 Representatives of Apadang Dinka people (of Renk, Melut, Baliet and Akoka counties of Upper Nile) at a meeting in Melut County condemn attacks on them by rebel forces. Snippet 1383
2014/02 Many of the people displaced from Bor area and Juba during the rebellion in late 2013 fled to Nimule area. The government of Eastern Equatoria would like them to move to Kapoeta, but they do not want to go. Snippet
2014/02/14 President Kiir calls for peace, reconciliation and forgiveness in a rally in Freedom Hall, Juba, but calls Riek Machar an 'enemy for peace and progress of South Sudan'. He also calls for Nuer people sheltering in UNMISS bases in non-Nuer areas to leave them and be hosted peacefully in the communities. Snippet 1376
2013/10/20 to 2013/10/24 There is a major raid on civilians in Twic East County on 20th October, apparently by forces liked to David Yau Yau. 79 people are killed including women and children. President Kiir strongly condemns it but urges the aggrieved communities to 'exercise restraint and remain calm while the law takes its course'. Snippet 1357
2013/10 Chief (or Reth or king) of Shilluk people in South Sudan, Kwongo Dak Padiet, meets President Kiir and urges him to promote unity rather than political rivalries. Snippet
2013/10/03 Anyuak paramount chief in Akobo County (Jonglei State), Chol Odio, and other Anyuak in the county, are killed, apparently by Lou Nuer youth. Snippet
2013/08/08 The Madi head chief in Nimule is murdered. Other Madi leaders are arrested, but some Madi suspect the matter is related to Madi resistance to the idea of forming a town council for Nimule. This resistance is because they feel that it would provide a way of consolidating the occupation of land in the area by about 45,000 Dinka people, who have been there since the war, classified as IDPs. Snippet 1238
2013/08 The deputy speaker of Unity state resigns, apparently in order to maintain a balance of county representation among state office-bearers, since both he and the newly-appointed deputy governor of the state come from Pariang County. There are probably wider manoeuvres involved; it is a time of reshuffling of positions in the state. Snippet
2013/08/08 At least seven people killed and hundreds of cattle stolen in Twic East County (Jonglei State), according to local officials and witnesses. The attackers were said to be Murle. Snippet
2013/06/14 Death of Paramount Chief Mawien Diing Akol of Ajuet sub-section (Malual Dinka), Aweil West County, said to be aged 113. Snippet
2013/07/30 President Kiir uses Martyrs Day speech to call for SPLA accountability over abuses against civilians in Jonglei State. He also asks Murle leaders to persuade Yauyau to accept amnesty. Snippet 1039
2013/04 Vice President Riek Machar identifies tribal-based urban settlements as a problem. Snippet 821
2013/02 Members of Apuk community of Tonj East attacked Thony community of Tonj South, killing 7 and looting 400 cattle. (SCRN, 15 February 2013) Snippet 669
2013/02 The Terekeka County Commissioner calls Mundari cattle-owners outside the county to return, noting the creation of conflict with neighbouring communities and ill effects on female education. But the Mundari cattle trade has a business association based in Yei River County. Snippet 660
2013/01 Government of Lakes State attempts to enforce 2008 Child Act prohibition on traditional mutilation. (Aping Kuluel, 2013) Snippet 624
2012/08 Aug 2012: Governor Nyandeng is accused by some politicians in Warrap of excluding minorities (especially Bongo) from government in Warrap State, and of general incompetence (ST 26 Aug) Snippet 592
2012/07 2012: Community division means that Lopa/Lafon resists a single county commissioner. Instead in July the Governor appoints separate administrators for Lafon and Imehejek corridors (CRN 18 July 2012) Snippet 584
2012/04/17 Torit peace talks over Magwe situation, 17-21 Apr 2012. See Miraya and SCRN reports Snippet 583
2012/06 Commissioner of Terekeka, Clement Maring, claims Mangalla payam for his county. But Bari youth say it belongs to Juba county. (CRN 19 June 2012) Snippet 581
Reference Mini-review
Jacob K. Lupai, 2014/06/02. Bibliography item: Jacob K. Lupai (2014/06/02) "Federal system of government in South Sudan not ‘kokora’". (Article). South Sudan News Agency. [Article] South Sudan News Agency. Accessed online.

This 1,500-word article addresses the perceived parallel between current calls for federalism, and the 'kokora' or sub-division of Southern Sudan which took place during under the ill-fated Regional Government between 1972 and 1983. An underlying issue is resentment - particularly by Equatorians - of apparent Dinka domination of central government. Kokora was seen as a way of mitigating that, but also causing disunity among Southern Sudanese. The author contends that federalism would be different from kokora, in not involving the eviction of peoples from provinces due to their ethnicity.

Marjoke Oosterom, 2014/05/30. Bibliography item: Marjoke Oosterom (2014/05/30) "‘It May Approach as Quickly as a Bushfire’: Gendered Violence and Insecurity in South Sudan". (Report). IDS (Institute of Development Studies), UK. [Report] IDS (Institute of Development Studies), UK. Accessed online.

Based on research among mainly Latuko people in Imuruk Payam, Torit County, this 66-page academic-style report looks at how women and men see the threat of violence and respond differently to it. People in the study area had an acute sense of the possibility of violence coming to their area, because of their general understanding of the character of the state in South Sudan. Among many responses and strategies mentioned, men prepare to fight defensively, women and girls are cautious about where they go.

Lual Magok, 2014/05/20. Bibliography item: Lual Magok (2014/05/20) "What is Government Programme toward Citizens who Stranded in UNMISS Camps". (Article). Nyamilepedia. [Article] Nyamilepedia. Accessed online.

This 1,300-word article, based on informal research in UNMISS camps in Juba, looks at why Nuer people still refuse to leave the camps. Besides stronger assurance of physical security, they need ways of recovering the homes, possessions and jobs, many of which have been taken over by others. The article lists ten measures which GRSS must take in order to exercise its duty of care and protection.

Daidït Maa, 2014/03/06. Not Every Nuer has a Date with Riek Machar [Article] PaanLuel Wël. Accessed online.

Short article which combines reportage of a dramatic recent event (shootings around SPLA HQ barracks), useful factual background (the preponderance of Nuer soldiers even in units of the SPLA loyal to GRSS) and a well-made point.

PaanLuel Wël, 2014/03/06. What Happened on Wednesday, March 5th, 2014 in Juba? [Article] PaanLuel Wël. Accessed online.

Clear and thoughtful account of what was known of the 5th March events the day afterwards.

Rachel Gordon, 2014/03. In the eye of the storm: An analysis of internal conflict in South Sudan’s Jonglei State [Report] Feinstein International Center, Tufts University. Accessed online.

Explores the complexity of conflict and underdevelopment in Jonglei, warning against simplistic analyses or proffered solutions. Notes that "elites have maintained or fallen back on the strategies they employed throughout the decades of war for solidifying their own social and financial positions in the face of constant threat" and concludes that "the causes of conflict must be disaggregated and chipped away without unrealistic hopes for quick solutions" but also that "the perpetrators and enablers of violence...must be consistently held accountable through both words and actions".

Philip Thon Aleu, 2013/08/19. South Sudanese girls are a family asset (Part I) [Article] Sudan Tribune. Accessed online.

Nicely-told real-life story illustrating the contemporary economy of brideprice and continuing struggles for female rights and education in Dinka (Bor) culture.

Michael Okia Amuru, 2012/09/26. Response to the crisis in Madiland: central government is responsible [Article] SouthSudanNation.com. Accessed online.

Focusing on the unsolved murder of the Madi head chief in Nimule in August 2013, this article illuminates the ethnic politics of territory in the western area of Magwe County traditionally occupied by the Madi, and particularly the question of Nimule, where since the war there have been large numbers of Dinka people allegedly with close links to leaders in the SPLM/A.

Ayuel Dau Deng and others, 2011/03/22. Ruweng County Citizens Petition President Kiir against Internal Occupation of Ruweng Territory [Operating document] South Sudan News Agency. Accessed online.

Petition which throws some light on the politics of ethnic geography affecting Ruweng/Pariang County in Unity State.

anon, 2004?. Bibliography item: anon (2004?) "The House of Nationalities (el-Mazalla el-kawmiya)". (Publicity document). The House of Nationalities. [Publicity document] The House of Nationalities. Accessed online.

This 4-page leaflet describes the concept of The House of Nationalities, as developed in a series of meetings between 2000 and 2004, the last of these being a conference of over 300 kings, chiefs and spiritual leaders convened by the SPLM. The concept is partly a way of imagining the inter-ethnic community of South Sudan. But it was also suggested as an institution involving meetings of representatives of all the ethnic groups to advise government and help solve inter-ethnic disputes. The leaflet includes a list of 62 ethnic groups, four of which are sub-divided making a total of 90.

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