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Date Snippet Page
2014/06/15 A US report is released which finds that GRSS has ‘not demonstrated any will or capacity’ to investigate atrocities or hold perpetrators accountable. It recommends (among other things) a new internationally-driven investigation mechanism. See Biblio item on ‘Assessment of Justice, Accountability and Reconciliation Measures in South Sudan'. The report's conclusions are broadly endorsed by a US State Department official. Snippet: A US report is released which finds that GRSS has ‘not demonstrated ....
2014/06/26 An interim report is submitted by the AU Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan. It was originally due to have made a final report by now, but it requests an extension due to various practical problems and delays, and the perceived need for inclusive consultations. Meanwhile it reserves any conclusive and definitive pronouncement on the question of criminal accountability. Snippet: An interim report is submitted by the AU Commission of Inquiry on Sout....
2014/07/03 The Governors of the Equatorian states insist that the debate on federalism should continue, despite apparent attempts by the central authorities to stifle it. Snippet: The Governors of the Equatorian states insist that the debate on feder....
2014/07/02 Bilateral arrangements with Sudan, including an agreement on customs and immigration, are strengthened in a visit to Khartoum by the Interior Minister, Aleu Ayieny. Snippet: Bilateral arrangements with Sudan, including an agreement on customs a....
2014/07/02 The National Security Service confiscates the day’s print run of the Juba Monitor newspaper, apparently because it is covering the debate over federalism. However, the Presidential Spokesman and the Information Minister had reasserted that media were free to cover the issue of federalism. Snippet: The National Security Service confiscates the day’s print run of the....
2014/06 Shortage of judges in WES results in long detention for many suspects before they can be tried. The shortage is partly because many judges took leave when the national rebellion started in December 2013 and have not yet returned. Snippet: Shortage of judges in WES results in long detention for many suspects ....
2014/06 In Aweil South County (NBGS) people are imprisoned for farming within the county capital, Malek-alel. The Commissioner says rules were agreed about this, but the Paramount Chief says the chiefs were not consulted. Snippet: In Aweil South County (NBGS) people are imprisoned for farming within ....
2014/06/02 The finance ministry has not released money for the Constituency Development Fund in the last two years, complains the NLA speaker. Snippet: The finance ministry has not released money for the Constituency Devel....
2014/05/30 Unity State’s caretaker governor changes all his state ministers and three county commissioners. Snippet: Unity State’s caretaker governor changes all his state ministers and....
2014/05/23 156 people are reported dead in clashes between youth from Rumbek North and Cueibet Counties, Lakes State, according to police. The dead are mainly from Waat and Panyar sections. Many died in an ambush when returning home with raided cattle. Communities do not co-operate much with police investigations. A peace conference had started by 27 May. Snippet: 156 people are reported dead in clashes between youth from Rumbek Nort....
2014/05/27 The UN Security Council renews the mandate of UNMISS (up to 30 November) and requests a sharper focus on protection of civilians, monitoring and investigation of human rights, and support for humanitarian assistance and ceasefire arrangements. Snippet: The UN Security Council renews the mandate of UNMISS (up to 30 Novembe....
2014/05 Constituency Development Fund projects in Yei River County are evaluated by a team from the NLC. Initial reports suggest that some of the projects have been productive, but others misconceived and/or mismanaged. Snippet: Constituency Development Fund projects in Yei River County are evaluat....
2014/05/22 Many prisoners are being released corruptly, according to a judge (he says 400 out of 600 in Aweil prison). He cites this as a reason to enforce the death penalty. Snippet: Many prisoners are being released corruptly, according to a judge (he ....
2012/07 to 2014/05/12 Six NBGS state MPs are expelled from the SPLM and hence lose their positions as MPs in July 2011. One of them blames it on the fact that they tried to impeach the state finance minister in 2011. In February 2013, President Kiir directs NBGS governor Paul Malong to reinstate the MPs, but he does not do so. After the transfer of Paul Malong to another post, Kiir again orders two of the MPs to be reinstated, which is done. (One of these MPs had apparently apologized, and the constituents of the other had apologized on his behalf. The other MPs say they do not know why they should apologize.) Snippet: Six NBGS state MPs are expelled from the SPLM and hence lose their pos....
2014/05/16 The AU Commission of Enquiry on South Sudan takes an ‘initial position' on the prosecution of leaders accountable for atrocities. It is 'leaning towards the creation of a hybrid court along the lines of the Extraordinary African Chambers in Senegal', to be established jointly by the AU and UN. It takes this to be compatible with a recent call by the UN Secretary-General. Snippet: The AU Commission of Enquiry on South Sudan takes an ‘initial positi....
2014/05/16 In his SPLA Day address to the nation President Kiir says that nobody who murdered can claim that it was to support him or the government. They must be identified by the Human Rights Abuses Investigation Committee and sentenced to death. Snippet: In his SPLA Day address to the nation President Kiir says that nobody ....
2014/05/14 A supervision committee for the Constituency Development Fund (CDF) in CES says the scheme is showing tangible results. Snippet: A supervision committee for the Constituency Development Fund (CDF) in....
2014/05/13 The general election due in 2015 will be postponed until 2017, announces President Kiir. This, he says, is to allow time for national reconciliation and the creation of a permanent constitution under a transitional government, following preliminary agreements to end the current rebellion/civil war. Snippet: The general election due in 2015 will be postponed until 2017, announc....
2014/05/12 The UN Secretary-General, speaking to the Security Council, backs the idea of a hybrid tribunal to try cases of atrocity during the rebellion in South Sudan. He also urges donor nations to support the 20th May donor conference in Oslo. Snippet: The UN Secretary-General, speaking to the Security Council, backs the ....
2013/12 to 2014/05 Peter Adwok Nyaba, former Minister for Higher Education, was arrested shortly after the alleged coup attempt of December 2013, and remained under house arrest without being charged as of May 2014. Snippet: Peter Adwok Nyaba, former Minister for Higher Education, was arrested ....
2014/05/10 RSS will soon open embassies in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and UAE, according to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Snippet: RSS will soon open embassies in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and UAE, accordin....
2014/05/08 UNMISS releases a landmark report on atrocities during the 2013/4 rebellion, which contends not only that war crimes have taken place but that these are systematic enough to indicate crimes against humanity. It recommends that if GRSS continues not to provide an adequate system of legal accountability then the international community should set up a hybrid or special tribunal. Snippet: UNMISS releases a landmark report on atrocities du....
2014/05 A women‘s coalition inspects EES state prison in Torit and finds alarming sanitary and welfare conditions, which a prison officer attributes to inadequate state funding. Snippet: A women‘s coalition inspects EES state prison in....
2014/05 Yei police arrest three men dressed in women’s clothing, which the Yei Police Chief Commissioner says is a crime. The men are later tried in the customary court and released for lack of clear evidence against them. The court warns girls against dressing in tight clothing which may incite crime. Snippet: Yei police arrest three men dressed in women’s clothing, which the Y....
2014/05/03 Salva Kiir and Riek Machar both showed lack of concern about the risk of famine, while prioritizing their personal power struggles, says the UN Human Rights Commissioner, reporting to a meeting of the Security Council after visiting both leaders in South Sudan. She warned the leaders that investigations will examine how far they and their colleagues 'either knew, should have known, or failed to take all necessary and reasonable measures to prevent war crimes and crimes against humanity'. She points out that UNMISS still lacks agreed funds and personnel which are 'desperately needed'. Snippet: Salva Kiir and Riek Machar both showed lack of con....
2014/04/29 The UN Secretary-General speaks by phone with President Kiir, stressing the need for an urgent end to fighting, prosecution of the perpetrators of atrocities, and urging him to call a halt to the negative campaign against UN staff. Snippet
2014/04/29 The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Special Envoy for the Prevention of Genocide meet rebel leader Riek Machar and receive assurances that he is investigating human rights violations among his forces, and is concerned about protection of civilians. But they seem to hint that the pressure of accountability for human rights violations will be reduced if peace is achieved. Snippet
2015/04/25 A press release from SPLM-in-Opposition denies its forces carried out targeted killings of civilians in Bentiu. It accuses GRSS and its allies in JEM of killing civilians before they left the town in order to frame the rebels. It also denies any official broadcasting of hate speech, while conceding that individuals might have expressed anger during talk shows. It accuses UNMISS of getting the story from GRSS and not investigating independently. Snippet 1870
2014/04/25 The special court trying four alleged coup-plotters agrees to stay the case on the request of the Justice Ministry 'in order to promote peace and reconciliation among our people'. Pagan Amum says the four will now work on making national peace. Presidential spokesman says the rebels can no longer demand realease of the four as a precondition of talks. President Kiir says the four are now 'free like any citizen in South Sudan'. But he also orders that they should not leave the country, saying that they are needed for reconciliation, and that the case against them is stayed but not cancelled. Snippet 1865
2014/04/23 President Kiir dismisses James Hoth Mai as SPLA Chief of General Staff, and replaces him with the Governor of NBGS, Paul Malong Awan. Kiir also dismisses Mac Paul as chief of military intelligence and replaces him with Marial Nuor. Marial Nuor was in 2011 charged with a variety of crimes including corruption and abuses of military power, but has apparently not yet been tried. Snippet 1863
2014/04/22 The UK Foreign Office Minister for Africa states that 'those in positions of influence in South Sudan' will be held accountable for atrocities if they incite them. Snippet
2014/04/19 Over 100 people were killed in a cattle raid in a remote area of Warrap State, according to a local information minister. 85 of the dead were alleged attackers being pursued by police and soldiers. Snippet
2014/04 A top police officer of Wau is shot dead in Tombura after allegedly defecting to Riek Machar's rebel movement and attempting to smuggle arms. Snippet
2014/04/15 to 2014/04/16 Over 200 civilians were murdered in Kali-Ballee Mosque and other places when rebels linked to SPLM-in-Opposition captured Bentiu, according to UNMISS investigations. The murder involved separation of different categories of people, largely on ethnic lines, but also targeting people who failed to show allegiance to the rebels. The UN vows that the killings will further investigate the atrocities and that 'perpetrators and their commanders shall be held accountable'. UNMISS managed to extract some other hundreds of people from the situation. Snippet 1839
2014/04/17 The recent fall of Bentiu is blamed by a top military officer contacted by Sudan Tribune on lack of ammunition, and the failure of people 'close to the president' to arrange timely funding for an air flight of new supplies. Snippet
2014/04/18 to 2014/04/20 Reactions to the recent attack on the Bor UN compound by local youth: *Jonglei governor John Kong Nyuon deplores it and vows that the state government will investigate and take measures against the perpetrators. *National information minister Michael Makuei, claims the attack was provoked when UNMISS forces fired warning shots. *President Kiir calls it an ‘irresponsible act by irresponsible people’. *UN Security Council expresses outrage and warns that such attacks against civilians and peacekeepers 'may constitute a war crime'. Snippet 1827
2014/04/17 National elections can still take place in 2015, says Telar Deng, the legal advisor to President Kiir, even though an official at the US Institute of Peace has said this is not realistic. Deng is optimistic that the constitutional review can be completed beforehand, but says the elections can go ahead even if it is not. Snippet
2014/04/16 President Kiir launches a South Sudan Food Security Council (FSC), comprising 15 members of existing government institutions. (He had ordered the FSC's creation back in May 2012). In view of fears of under-production in the coming rainy season (due to the rebellion crisis), he suggests ways of increasing production: banning games of cards and dominoes; suspending local courts; suspending other activities on Saturdays so that people may cultivate. He also announces his donation to the agriculture ministry of 1,000 tractors for distribution in all of the states. Snippet 1818
2014/04/09 County councilors take office in Warrap State. Snippet 1801
2014/04 The new NPPR (National Platform for Peace and Reconciliation) initiative intends to establish a 'body of truth' by engaging many different parts of society, hearing individual and community grievances going back many years, documenting them systematically, aiming to develop a 'new culture of honesty, openness and truth', which can then support other processes of engagement with powerful actors. Snippet
2014/04 Riek Machar claims that adoption of federalism (stronger autonomy for the states) in the 2011 Interim Constitution would have helped avert the current crisis. Riek says he and the state governors had been advocating this system in 2011, but President Kiir had accused him of running a parallel government. Snippet
2014/04/12 Interior minister Aleu Ayieny speaks for changing the current system of imprisonment in Africa, saying it is based on inappropriate colonial models. These remarks are made in the context of a Ministerial Consultative Forum under the African Correctional Services Association in South Africa. Snippet
2013 At least five chiefs are dismissed during 2013 by the acting governor of Lakes State, Matur Chut Dhuol. The main reason is failure to arrest suspects in inter-communal killings. But the chiefs say this is the job of police. Snippet
2014/04/11 A General Medical Council is to be formed, announce the health and justice ministries. The Council will help set and enforce medical standards. Snippet 1779
2014/04/11 Jonglei State Governor acknowledges that looters in Bor town during the recent crises included civilians and GRSS forces. He asks police to arrest suspects. Snippet
2014/04 The National Elections Commission is at the stage of consulting in the formation of high committees for elections in each of the states. The Chief Electoral Officer hopes that all parties can disseminate their views through the media. Snippet 1772
2014/04/08 The speaker of the Jonglei State assembly resigns to allow re-establishment of the traditional balance in the high offices of the state between Greater Bor, Greater Fangak, Greater Akobo and Greater Pibor areas. Snippet
2014/04/04 Vice-President Wani Igga asserts that the government's peace negotiations with rebels will end with a general amnesty. Snippet
2014/03/15 to 2014/04/02 The Commissioner of Mayom County (Unity State) says he has organized the return of 53 cattle stolen by Nuer (South Sudanese) people to Misseriya (Sudanese) of South Kordofan. Snippet
2014/04/01 In the trial of four treason suspects, interior Minister Aleu Ayieny is dropped as a prosecution witness after failing four times to appear before the court. Snippet
2014/04/01 President Kiir reportedly donates an ambulance to Kajo-Keji Civil Hospital. [The news item does not clarify whether this is a personal or official presidential gift.] Snippet
2014/03/21 A peace process is organized in Rumbek North county to reconcile youth from Gaak and Manuer sub-clans. Local MPs, chiefs and students take part. Snippet
2014/03/20 52 member of the US Congress sign a letter to State Secretary John Kerry urging US pressure and assistance in establishing hybrid courts to try perpetrators of gross human rights abuses in South Sudan. They also urge resumption of USAID work, particularly in supporing food security in order to avert famine. Snippet
2014/03/18 GRSS has orchestrated a 'negative campaign' against UNMISS, claims the UN Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations. The incident of wrongful land transportation of weapons was exploited for this campaign, but GRSS refused UNMISS's offer of a joint investigation. Snippet
2014/03/19 Peter Adwok Nyaba, who was detained like seven other suspected coup plotters in December, but released within a few days on account of his longstanding war injuries, remains unaware of whether a case is being made against him. Snippet
2014/03/17 Soldiers are banned from moving around with firearms in Rumbek Town, by order of the Rumbek Central County commissioner. Snippet
2014/03/18 The focus of UNMISS is being changed, the UN Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations tells the Security Council. Until the crisis of rebellion is resolved, UNMISS will no longer seek to help extend the authority of the state, but take five other priorities: 'protecting civilians; facilitating humanitarian assistance; monitoring and reporting on human rights; preventing further inter-communal violence; and supporting the IGAD process as and when requested, and within available capabilities'. He requests the Council to raise the number of UNMISS soldiers to 12,500. Snippet
2014/03/17 The SSLS in Yei conducts awareness-raising with citizens about the Communities Development Fund (CDF), its scope for corruption, and how citizens should hold to account the MPs and others involved. Snippet
2013/06/27 to 2013/06/28 Member of the NLA take part in a workshop 'to better understand how CDF funds have been used in the past, identify deficiencies in the current system from the legislation to the process of accounting for expenditures, and finally to make recommendations on how to improve the use of the CDF in the future'. This is organized by SUNY/CID and Deloitte with the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs and the Constituency Fund Committee of the NLA. Snippet
2014/03 The Commissioner of Ezo County (WES) dismisses a payam chief for alleged gross misconduct involving disobeying county authorities. The county paramount chief appoints a new acting chief for the payam. Snippet
2014/03/17 The European Union (Foreign Affairs Council) discusses the crisis in South Sudan. Among its conclusions it expresses alarm at a 'significant risk of famine', it encourages further investigations into the causes of the conflict and the perpetrators of crimes, and says it 'stands ready to consider targeted restrictive measures against individuals obstructing the political process'. Snippet
2014/03 The paramount chief for Greater Bahr El Ghazal, Dhor Ariik Mawien, returns to Wau after two years of medical treatment abroad. Snippet 1630
2014/03/14 The SPLA spokesman reveals that 120 suspected SPLA criminals (detained after mid-December killings) escaped from detention during fighting at HQ barracks on 5th March. Snippet
2014/03 A cattle-camp youth in Lakes State claims that government investigation and enforcement of compensation can break the cycle of violence in cattle raiding, but that the government has not kept its promises in this regard. Snippet 1599
2014/03/11 The trial begins of four principal alleged coup plotters - Pag'an Amum, Oyay Deng, Majak d'Agoot and Ezekiel Gatkuoth Lul - on charges including treason. The prosecutor asks for the trial to be held in secret; the judge says a decision on that is premature. Snippet 1595
2014/03/10 At big youth rally attended by senior politicians in Juba, many call for the replacement of Hilde F. Johnson as UN Special Representative for a failure to maintain neutrality during the rebellion. Magel Ring Machar, chairperson of the Political Parties Youth Forum is applauded when calling for power to be contested by constitutional means, not rebellion. Snippet
2014/03 The Directorate of Wildlife warns that poachers will be prosecuted, and armed poachers will be shot if they do not lay down their guns. Two suspected poachers are brought to court in Juba, but one claims he had bought the bushmeat from soldiers. Snippet
2013/12/07 President Kiir meets UN Secretary-General on fringes of African Security Summit in Paris. They discuss the preparations for 2015 elections, security threats to UN staff and the Abyei problem. Snippet 1570
2014/03/07 The AU announces the formation of the previously-promised commission of inquiry into human rights violations committed in the armed conflict since mid-December 2013. It is composed of high-profile members led by former Nigeria president Olesugun Obasanjo. Snippet 1565
2014/03 The WBGS state assembly and the state branch of UJOSS criticize the state government for attempting to stop the media reporting the assembly's voting out of the state finance minister. Snippet
2014/03 The state-level work of the Constitutional Review Commission has stopped, due to post-rebellion insecurity. Snippet 1530
2014/03/02 Taban Deng, chief negotiator for rebels in Addis Ababa talks, claims Salva Kiir publicly ordered the killing of Nuer in a national TV address (wearing military uniform) on 16th December. Deng also admits that some rebels have killed civilians and must face the law for it. Snippet
2014/02/28 Lakes State acting governor Matur reshuffles his cabinet, appointing some of his sharpest critics from the legislature. Snippet
2014/02/28 to 2014/03/01 The paramount chief in Duk County (Jonglei) is captured by rebel forces and then rescued by local youth, according to the local MP. There is dispute over whether destruction to villages and the county's only health clinic was done by government or rebel forces. Snippet 1506
2014/02/26 State legislature of WBGS passes vote of no confidence in state finance minister after she repeatedly fails to attend the legislature to answer questions. Snippet
2014/02 President Kiir countermands the creation of a state ministry of petroleum and mining by Upper Nile governor Simon Kun Puoch, on grounds that it was unconstitutional. Snippet
2014/02 The foreign ministry recalls its top diplomats to Washington, Moscow, Addis Ababa and Brussels. The minister says this is for routine transfer of staff, and denies it is because the diplomats failed adequately to convey the GRSS case in the rebellion crisis. Snippet
2014/02 A school has been set up for young inmates in Yambio central prison, with the help of UNMISS. Snippet
2014/02/25 Notorious military prisons in Lakes State - Langcok and Ngatina/Ajakangau are closed down on orders of President Kiir, having been set up by the acting Lakes governor, Matur Dhuol, 13 months previously. Snippet
2013/12 President Bashir of Sudan says South Sudanese fleeing from the violence to Sudan should be treated as Sudanese citizens rather than refugees. Snippet 1480
2014/02/01 A group of five diaspora intellectuals publishes a scheme for reformed governance in South Sudan, which they hope will inform the post-rebellion peace process. Authors: Dr Eluzai Hakim, Dr Mairi J Blackings, Dr Martin Mikaya, Prof Laura Beny, Prof Charles Bakheit. Snippet
2014/02 Donald Booth (US Special Envoy) diagnoses the current turmoil: 'Institutions that were understandably weak at independence were allowed to stagnate, while the political elite vied instead for power in an ever-shrinking political space'. Snippet
2014/02 MATD (Minyori Agency for Transformation and Development) conducts a constitution review workshop in Tore Payam, Yei River County. Outcomes reported by Radio Easter focussed on participants' views of appropriate punishments for crimes, including dropping out of school. Snippet
2014/02/22 A press release from Citizens for Peace and Justice (CPJ) notes delays and lack of transparency in human rights investigations launched by the AU and GRSS since the outbreak of rebellion in December 2013. It calls on GRSS to facilitate rather than obstruct human rights investigations by South Sudanese human rights organizations. Snippet 1446
2014/02/06 President Kiir says ICC will be facilitated if it wishes to investigate alleged atrocities in South Sudan (although RSS is not a signatory to the Rome Statute). Snippet 1443
2014/02/19 Ugandan army says it will not participate in investigation into the use of cluster bombs in recent fighting in South Sudan. Snippet
2014/02 Foreign affairs minister Barnaba Marial says 100 soldiers have been detained on suspicion of engaging in ethnically-motivated killing after the alleged coup. 'The perpetrators must be...genuinely brought to justice,' he adds. Snippet
2014/02 President Kiir decrees the formation of a Human Rights Abuses Investigation Committee under Justice John Wol Makec to investigate allegations of targeted killings and human rights violations amid the rebellion of 2013-2014. Snippet 1406
2014/02 GOSS forces killed prominent chiefs in Panyijar County when attacking from Lakes, according to a rebel official. Snippet 1388
2013/10/29 The speaker of the Lakes state assembly is replaced, apparently largely through the agency of the SPLM chairman for the state, Daniel Awet Akot, changing a previous decision of SPLM members of the assembly. In the end, MPs are asked to choose among candidates from one particular county: Cueibet. Snippet
2013/10 The US State Department gives a one-week training course to 40 members of the South Sudan diplomatic service. Snippet
2013/10 The National Constitutional Review Commission appeals for extra funds, as its allocation in the national budget remains at SSP 9 million for 2013-2014. It says this is only enough to pay salaries, and not to print copies of the transitional constitution for civic education purposes. Snippet
2013/10/08 The torture by lashing of 23 uncharged detainees, and various abuses in office by the commissioner of Yirol West County, are alleged in a press release from Yirol West Youth Union in Juba. This follows the incident at Yirol Boys Primary School on 27th September. The press release also argues that the legitimate work of the local MP, David Deng Athorbei, is being prevented by the commissioner and the acting state governor. Snippet
2013/10 36 members of the Lakes State assembly declare a 14-day strike (no participation in house business) in an attempt to remove the house speaker, who is accused of following too much the will of the caretaker governor (Matur Chut Dhuol) rather than the state constitution. Snippet
2013/10 The ministry of foreign affairs is trying to respond to concerns in the Legislative Assembly by slimming down the diplomatic service. It believes many diplomats have been appointed incorrectly. Many have been appointed on the strength of being important in the independence struggle, rather than diplomatic qualities. South Sudan currently has 22 embassies, but more than 90 ambassadors. Snippet 1333
2013/10/07 Amid infighting over impeachment of the deputy speaker in the Northern Bahr el Ghazal assembly, one member of the assembly observes: 'We have not been allowed time and opportunity to do what the people who elected us wants to do, instead we have allowed ourselves to be divided by individuals'. Snippet
2013/10/09 The South Sudan Law Society calls for an end to the death penalty as a judicial sentence in South Sudan. Snippet
2013/10/03 Anyuak paramount chief in Akobo County (Jonglei State), Chol Odio, and other Anyuak in the county, are killed, apparently by Lou Nuer youth. Snippet
2013/10 Wau prison was built for 240 inmates but is housing three times that number. There is no separate juvenile section. Snippet
2013/10 A Justice Ministry Legal Committee completes a tour - supported by the International Development Law Organization (IDLO) - focusing on detention in four states. They find specially poor conditions in Wau Central Prison (see separate snippet) and a need for more judges in all courts. Snippet

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Reference Mini-review
Hilde F. Johnson, 2014/07/08. Bibliography item: Hilde F. Johnson (2014/07/08) "[Parting statement as SRSG to South Sudan]". (other). United Nations. [other] United Nations. Accessed online.

In a press statement on the last day of her term of office, the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General puts the blame for the current crisis and suffering in Sudan on the leaders of the SPLM party, whether currently rebels, dissidents or in government. 'The SPLM is at risk of failing' due to 'a scramble for power'. South Sudan is afflicted by three diseases: corruption, rule of gun (not law), and a self-serving elite.

Sirir Gabriel Yiei Rut, 2014/07/08. Bibliography item: Sirir Gabriel Yiei Rut (2014/07/08) "Fighting Egos and Paranoia in South Sudan". (Article). South Sudan News Agency. [Article] South Sudan News Agency. Accessed online.

Short article which raises in a non-abusive way the issue of how political leaders - and the people in their countries - can become victims of natural psychological processes.

Agok Takpiny, 2014/06/28. Bibliography item: Agok Takpiny (2014/06/28) "How The Rampant Embezzlement Can Be Wrestled Mr President". (Article). Gurtong. [Article] Gurtong. Accessed online.

1,800-word article. Makes the point that South Sudan is distinguished not only in extreme corruption, but 'extreme lack of control and monitoring mechanisms' and a failure to prosecute any corrupt officials. It advocates passing a bill to create a formal procurement system and agency, and giving more resources and autonomy to law enforcement agencies, to stop the impunity of embezzlers.

Augustino Ting Mayai, 2014/06/01. Bibliography item: Augustino Ting Mayai (2014/06/01) "How the Federal System of Government is Misunderstood in South Sudan". (Report). The Sudd Institute. [Report] The Sudd Institute. Accessed online.

This 4-page report points out that the current transitional constitution of South Sudan uses a kind of federalism, although without the name. Hence the current debate about adopting a federal system is often confused. In the view of the author, the debates should focus on more detailed questions like curtailing the power of the national president to dismiss state governors, and of the finance ministry to control all tax collection, and the central regulation of the judicial system. But he also points out the heavy immediate economic cost of decentralization.

ABA Rule of Law Initiative, 2014/06. Bibliography item: ABA Rule of Law Initiative (2014/06) "Assessment of Justice, Accountability and Reconciliation Measures in South Sudan". (Report). American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative. [Report] American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative. Accessed online.

21-page report. Probably the most authoritative assessment so far that GRSS has failed seriously to investigate the atrocities since December 2013 or move to prosecute perpetrators. Reporting fears that the AU Commission of Inquiry might deflect such investigation and prosecution, the report calls for a new mechanism involving professional investigation teams with a UN Chapter VII mandate. It also calls for international reinforcement of the National Platform for Peace and Reconciliation (NPPR) initiative. (The report was funded but not necessarily endorsed by the US State Department.)

Jack Lino Wuor Abeyi, 2014/06. Bibliography item: Jack Lino Wuor Abeyi (2014/06) "South Sudan: Federalism And Prisoner’s Dilemma". (Article). Gurtong. [Article] Gurtong. Accessed online., Accessed online., Accessed online.

Three-part article presenting a temperate and thoughtful collection of arguments against federalism in South Sudan.

John Adoor Deng, 2014/05/28. Bibliography item: John Adoor Deng (2014/05/28) "Rush to Federalism is not the Panacea to South Sudan’s Chronic Tribulations". (Article). PaanLuel Wël. [Article] PaanLuel Wël. Accessed online.

This 1,500-word article explains that federalism comes in a wide range of strengths, but generally opposes it for South Sudan at present on three grounds: (1) that South Sudan lacks enough common bond of unity to hold it together under a federal system; (2) the present lack of democracy does not provide a suitable basis for a federal system and (3) the present culture of corruption at the national level would be transmitted to the separate parts of the federation.

UNMISS, 2014/05/08. Bibliography item: UNMISS (2014/05/08) "Conflict in South Sudan: A Human Rights Report". (Report). United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan. [Report] United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan. Accessed online.

This report is an important landmark in the progress of investigation and accountability for atrocities during the 2013/14 rebellion. It provides the most detailed and comprehensive view so far of these. While acknowledging that it does not yet meet the level required for prosecutions, it strongly makes the case not only that war crimes have taken place, but that these are systematic enough to indicate crimes against humanity. The RSS law system should be strengthened to deal with these cases and if GRSS does not provide this then a special or hybrid international tribunal should be formed.

Amnesty International, 2014/05. Bibliography item: Amnesty International (2014/05) "Nowhere Safe: Civilians Under Attack in South Sudan". (Report). Amnesty International. [Report] Amnesty International. Accessed online.

This 68-page report covers events of the December 2013 rebellion and subsequent fighting up to around March, from a human rights point of view. It is based partly on an investigative mission which took place in March. Without being a final definitive account, it adds weight and illustrative vividness to previous accounts of atrocities by forces of GRSS and rebels, and also a useful narrative of the flow of events. It also demonstrates a pattern of impunity for atrocities under GRSS going back to 2005, in which governmental institutions prove unwilling or unable to yield results.

David K. Deng, 2014/05. Bibliography item: David K. Deng (2014/05) "Special Court for Serious Crimes (SCSC): A Proposal for Justice and Accountability in South Sudan". (Report). South Sudan Law Society. [Report] South Sudan Law Society. Accessed online.

This 12-page working paper is an important step in developing the idea of using a hybrid court to try people responsible for gross atrocities in the recent violent conflict. It considers many practical implications of the idea and creates a solid framework for further discussion and action. Its key recommendations are: (1)  Include language in a peace agreement providing for justice and accountability; (2) Prohibit amnesties for international crimes; (3) Educate people about the court; (4) Assess national capacity to administer a hybrid court; (5) Adopt regional and international treaties.

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