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Date Snippet Page
2014/07/11 The EU orders a freeze on any EU assets of generals Santino Deng (SPLA) and Peter Gadet (SPLA-IO) for violating the agreed ceasefire. Snippet: The EU orders a freeze on any EU assets of generals Santino Deng (SPLA....
2014/06/26 An interim report is submitted by the AU Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan. It was originally due to have made a final report by now, but it requests an extension due to various practical problems and delays, and the perceived need for inclusive consultations. Meanwhile it reserves any conclusive and definitive pronouncement on the question of criminal accountability. Snippet: An interim report is submitted by the AU Commission of Inquiry on Sout....
2014/07/04 Jonglei state has cancelled its agreement with OCHA, the UN's humanitarian coordination agency, over dispute about relative quantities of food distributed in government- and rebel-held areas, says the state's information minister. Snippet: Jonglei state has cancelled its agreement with OCHA, the UN's hum....
2014/06/16 GRSS and SPLM-IO both boycott a scheduled session of peace talks: SPLM-IO because it was unhappy about the IGAD mediators' method of selecting non-combatant participants; GRSS because the IGAD Executive Secretary called both sides 'stupid' for believing a military solution was possible. Snippet: GRSS and SPLM-IO both boycott a scheduled session of peace talks: SPLM....
2014/06/06 to 2014/06/07 IGAD organizes a ‘multi-stakeholder symposium’ in Addis Ababa ‘to initiate an inclusive phase of the peace process in South Sudan’. The event includes opposition, political parties, faith-based groups and civil society organizations. Snippet: IGAD organizes a ‘multi-stakeholder symposium’ in Addis Ababa ‘t....
2014/06/10 An extraordinary summit of IGAD heads of state and government deplores continued flagrant breaches of the South Sudan cessation of hostilities agreements (26 Jan, 6 May, 9 May), and reaffirms the principle of inclusivity in peace talks (involvement of dissident SPLM leaders, other parties, civil society and faith groups). It threatens pressure and punishments against GRSS and SPLM-IO if they continue to violate agreements, hinder humanitarian aid, or obstruct the principle of inclusivity. Snippet: An extraordinary summit of IGAD heads of state and government deplores....
2014/06/03 to 2014/06/04 Thousands of IDPs at Melijo (20km from Nimule, Magwi County) are reported in dire need of medical care and other assistance. The EES health minister says there is no IDP camp, but as citizens the people can access facilities in Mogali Payam and Nimule Town. (The IDPs from Jonglei were previously offered relocation to a different part of EES but refused.) However, UNHCR and Health Link South Sudan go ahead with a needs assessment and registration. Snippet: Thousands of IDPs at Melijo (20km from Nimule, Magwi County) are repor....
2014/05/31 to 2014/06/01 Hilde F. Johnson confirms that she will leave the post of Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General on 8th July, having completed three years in the post. The timing is also related to personal factors and the recent change in mandate of UNMISS. She insists not only that this is not bending to the recent GRSS-backed campaign against her and the UN, but that she would have carried on if the campaign had continued. Snippet: Hilde F. Johnson confirms that she will leave the post of Special Repr....
2014/05/29 to 2-14/05/31 Controversy erupts over the selection of civil society groups to take part in peace talks under IGAD. IGAD mediator Lazaro Sumbeiywo visits Juba and is accused by the South Sudan Civil Society Alliance of rejecting them in favour of Citizens for Peace and Justice (which is not registered with the government). Snippet: Controversy erupts over the selection of civil society groups to take ....
2014/05/28 The website of Radio Miraya (run by UNMISS) appears to have been discontinued. It started re-directing traffic to the UNMISS website. This may be due to the recent change in UNMISS's mandate. Snippet: The website of Radio Miraya (run by UNMISS) appears to have been disco....
2014/05/27 The UN Security Council renews the mandate of UNMISS (up to 30 November) and requests a sharper focus on protection of civilians, monitoring and investigation of human rights, and support for humanitarian assistance and ceasefire arrangements. Snippet: The UN Security Council renews the mandate of UNMISS (up to 30 Novembe....
2014/03 to 2014/05 Refugees in Maban County (Upper Nile) camps receive only 37 days worth of rations within a 90 day period. At least 2,000 of the 126,000 are forced to return to Sudan because of food shortages. The World Food Programme has the role of delivering the food. With the road from Gambella (Ethiopia) almost unusable in the rainy season, it has organized some airlifts and airdrops, but is also pursuing the cheaper alternative of barge transportation. Snippet: Refugees in Maban County (Upper Nile) camps receive only 37 days worth....
2014/05/20 A donor conference in Oslo on the crisis in South Sudan initially mobilizes USD 600 million in new pledges. Snippet: A donor conference in Oslo on the crisis in South Sudan initially mobi....
2014/05/16 The AU Commission of Enquiry on South Sudan takes an ‘initial position' on the prosecution of leaders accountable for atrocities. It is 'leaning towards the creation of a hybrid court along the lines of the Extraordinary African Chambers in Senegal', to be established jointly by the AU and UN. It takes this to be compatible with a recent call by the UN Secretary-General. Snippet: The AU Commission of Enquiry on South Sudan takes an ‘initial positi....
2014/05/11 The East African Standard Gauge Railway protocol is signed by the presidents of Kenya and Uganda. The project is expected to link South Sudan to Uganda via Nimule and to Kenya via Nadapal. Work is due to start in October and take three years. The contractor is the China Communications Construction Company. Snippet: The East African Standard Gauge Railway protocol is signed by the pres....
2014/05/12 The UN Secretary-General, speaking to the Security Council, backs the idea of a hybrid tribunal to try cases of atrocity during the rebellion in South Sudan. He also urges donor nations to support the 20th May donor conference in Oslo. Snippet: The UN Secretary-General, speaking to the Security Council, backs the ....
2014/05/09 Salva Kiir and Riek Machar sign a peace agreement in Addis Ababa. The agreement (proposed in outline by mediators from the Government of Ethiopia on behalf of IGAD and negotiated in detail by shuttling between the two leaders) involves a truce to take place within 24 hours, and the formation of a 'government of national unity'. It also pledges respect for humanitarian corridors and the UN. The Prime Minister of Ethiopia and the US State Secretary both call it a 'breakthrough' in the peace process. Snippet: Salva Kiir and Riek Machar sign a peace agreement in Addis Ababa. The ....
2014/05/08 UNMISS releases a landmark report on atrocities during the 2013/4 rebellion, which contends not only that war crimes have taken place but that these are systematic enough to indicate crimes against humanity. It recommends that if GRSS continues not to provide an adequate system of legal accountability then the international community should set up a hybrid or special tribunal. Snippet: UNMISS releases a landmark report on atrocities du....
2014/05/07 Food rations in refugee camps in Maban County (Upper Nile) are inadequate. UNHCR and WFP blames the fighting between GRSS and rebels for insecurity which hinders the transportation of supplies. Snippet: Food rations in refugee camps in Maban County (Upp....
2014/05/04 to 2014/05/07 At least 11,000 people cross to Ethiopia as refugees in three days following the SPLA's capture of Nasir from the SPLM/A-IO rebels, according to UNHCR. Snippet: At least 11,000 people cross to Ethiopia as refuge....
2014/05/06 UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon meets President Kiir in Juba. A GRSS press release states that Kiir commended the role played by Hilde Johnson as head of UNMISS and that GRSS is committed to the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement and the humanitarian Month of Tranquility in May. A 'top aide' of Kiir also says that Kiir agreed to the idea of forming an interim administration with Riek Machar and others, according to Sudan Tribune. Snippet: UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon meets President K....
2014/05/03 Salva Kiir and Riek Machar both showed lack of concern about the risk of famine, while prioritizing their personal power struggles, says the UN Human Rights Commissioner, reporting to a meeting of the Security Council after visiting both leaders in South Sudan. She warned the leaders that investigations will examine how far they and their colleagues 'either knew, should have known, or failed to take all necessary and reasonable measures to prevent war crimes and crimes against humanity'. She points out that UNMISS still lacks agreed funds and personnel which are 'desperately needed'. Snippet: Salva Kiir and Riek Machar both showed lack of con....
2014/04/29 The UN Secretary-General speaks by phone with President Kiir, stressing the need for an urgent end to fighting, prosecution of the perpetrators of atrocities, and urging him to call a halt to the negative campaign against UN staff. Snippet
2014/04/29 Riek Machar recently received a delegation of African, US, British, Norwegian, UN and IGAD envoys at his base in the field. Some are trying to arrange a face-to-face meeting between him and President Kiir. Snippet
2014/04/29 The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Special Envoy for the Prevention of Genocide meet rebel leader Riek Machar and receive assurances that he is investigating human rights violations among his forces, and is concerned about protection of civilians. But they seem to hint that the pressure of accountability for human rights violations will be reduced if peace is achieved. Snippet
2014/04/26 President Kenyatta of Kenya makes a strong statement on the need of regional nations to put a stop to atrocities and the possibility of genocide in South Sudan. Snippet
2014/04/26 to 2014/04/27 A large defection of SPLA soldiers in Wau leads to fighting, and also to panic especially among Nuer citizens. The state government seeks to avert ethnic violence by mounting joint patrols. But about 700 flee to the UNMISS camp. One of the defecting generals explains that the action came because Nuer soldiers felt under threat from their Dinka colleagues especially after the recent defections and fighting in Mapel. Snippet 1874
2015/04/25 A press release from SPLM-in-Opposition denies its forces carried out targeted killings of civilians in Bentiu. It accuses GRSS and its allies in JEM of killing civilians before they left the town in order to frame the rebels. It also denies any official broadcasting of hate speech, while conceding that individuals might have expressed anger during talk shows. It accuses UNMISS of getting the story from GRSS and not investigating independently. Snippet 1870
2014/04/26 The CPJ (Citizens for Peace and Justice) calls on both GRSS and rebels to publicly denounce the crimes committed by their own forces, and hold the perpetrators accountable. It also calls for adherence to January's Cessation of Hostilities agreement, admission of civil society representatives to the IGAD-facilitated negotiations, and free secure access for the AU Commission of Inquiry. Snippet
2014/04/23 Information Minister Michael Makuei alleges that people were turned away from shelter in the UN base during the rebel capture of Bentiu the previous week; an allegation which is rebutted by UNMISS. Snippet
2014/04/21 UNMISS in Unity State (which now shelters 22,000 in its protection site) urgently needs reinforcements, but the Ghanaian battalion assigned there still has not arrived. Snippet
2014/04/15 to 2014/04/16 Over 200 civilians were murdered in Kali-Ballee Mosque and other places when rebels linked to SPLM-in-Opposition captured Bentiu, according to UNMISS investigations. The murder involved separation of different categories of people, largely on ethnic lines, but also targeting people who failed to show allegiance to the rebels. The UN vows that the killings will further investigate the atrocities and that 'perpetrators and their commanders shall be held accountable'. UNMISS managed to extract some other hundreds of people from the situation. Snippet 1839
2014/04/18 Kenya decides to increase its troop allocation to UNMISS, from 690 to 1,000. The soldiers are expected to be stationed in Wau. Snippet
2014/04/18 to 2014/04/20 Reactions to the recent attack on the Bor UN compound by local youth: *Jonglei governor John Kong Nyuon deplores it and vows that the state government will investigate and take measures against the perpetrators. *National information minister Michael Makuei, claims the attack was provoked when UNMISS forces fired warning shots. *President Kiir calls it an ‘irresponsible act by irresponsible people’. *UN Security Council expresses outrage and warns that such attacks against civilians and peacekeepers 'may constitute a war crime'. Snippet 1827
2014/04/17 At least 58 people are killed when local youth invade the UN compound and begin shooting at people sheltered there. UN peacekeepers fight back. There are reports that the attack was triggered when camp residents celebrated the fall of Bentiu to rebel forces. Snippet 1824
2014/04/16 RSS signs key legal agreements with the World Bank's Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), which should help attract investors to the country. Snippet
2014 UNFPA (UN Population Fund) supports 29 international midwives across the ten states, providing emergency obstetric care and kits for deliveries, in conjunction with IMC (International Medical Corps). Snippet 1817
2014/04/15 Sudan criticizes IGAD mediators approach to the talks between South Sudan and rebels. It suggests they are following the agenda of Western countries in trying to impose an interim government. It says the talks should involve other parties and civil society, and that Sudan would be well placed to make the proposals. Snippet
2014/04/15 11 national and international human rights agencies urge President Kiir to complete the process of ratifying the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR). Their letter says that ratification was approved by the Council of Ministers in March 2013 and the NLA seven months later, but still needs assent from the President. Snippet
2014/04/15 Employees of Safinat Caspian Oil Refining Company, building a refinery about 25km from Bentiu, come under attack (presumably by rebel forces) are extracted by UN peacekeepers to Bentiu. Five of them are wounded, two critically. Snippet
2014/04/12 A Call for Action on South Sudan is issued by representatives of the USA, EU and UN, meeting in Washington DC. It says the next three months are critical for averting a famine which could affect seven million people. It urges donors to provide USD 232m for the next three months. It also urges the warring parties to stop fighting and to respect international law. Snippet
2014/04/11 A 2014-2021 strategic health plan is launched by national and state health ministries at the end of a workshop in Nairobi. The planning process has been supported by USAID, WHO, PSI, Mentor initiative, and malaria control officials from other African countries. Snippet 1788
2014/04 IGAD ceasefire monitors begin work in Bor on 1st April and Bentiu on 5th April. They are expected to start in Malakal on 15th April. Snippet
2014/04/09 MSF accuses UNMISS of 'shocking indifference' in not improving conditions for displaced people in Tomping (Tongpiny) camp, even though plans for their transfer to another site face difficulties. Snippet 1777
2014/04 Aid agencies are helping government to eradicate Guinea Worm through a scheme of offering cash rewards to victims who report to treatment centres. The aid agencies concerned are Carter Centre, WHO, UNICEF and Rotary Club. Snippet 1763
2014/04/02 A forum of political parties and civil society organizations is held in Rumbek, facilitated by UNMISS. Snippet 1757
2014/04/05 IGAD mediators set up an SPLM Intra-Party Dialogue Forum to run in addition to the main peace negotiations between GRSS and rebels. The Forum is facilitated with the help of the ruling parties of Ethiopia and South Africa. The AU welcomes it. Snippet
2014/0404 UNMAS says that since starting work in South(ern) Sudan nine years ago it has cleared over a thousand square kilometres of land, and over 20,000 km of roads, besides dealing with other hazards. Snippet
2014/04/03 UNHCR is in disagreement with Sudan over the status of South Sudanese who have fled there during the recent crisis of rebellion. Khartoum says they are considered as Sudanese citizens, not refugees. UNHCR wants them labelled as refugees (and perhaps given camps to live in) largely to enable it to raise funds for them and supply aid and protection. Snippet 1738
2014/04/01 Peace talks between GRSS and rebels have reportedly stalled, due to GRSS refusal to meet the demand of IGAD mediators to include the group of seven dissident SPLM leaders in the talks. The IGAD mediators are reportedly adjourning the talks until 30 April in order to consult with IGAD heads of state. Snippet
2014/04/01 The UN Secretary-General meets GRSS ministers Awan Guol (Office of the President) and Barnaba Marial (Foreign Affairs) on the sidelines of the EU-Africa summit in Brussels. The UNSG stresses the importance of not harassing UN staff, and is encouraged by the message of commitment from GRSS. Snippet
2014/03/27 UN OCHA says over a million people have fled their homes since mid-December: about 250,000 to neighbouring countries and 800,000 internally displaced. The UN has requested USD 1.3bn emergency funding before June 2014, of which only USD 315m has so far been met. Snippet
2014/03 Representatives of the Maban community near Yousif Batil refugee camp (Maban County, Upper Nile) ask the government - through its Committee on Refugee Affairs - to lead a process to stabilize and resolve their conflict with the refugees. UNHCR is trying to help this process. Snippet
2014/03 Famine is likely within five months unless enough food aid is positioned before the rains, says UN Special Representative Hilde F. Johnson. Securing relief food may require assistance from UNMISS, but implementation of the agreed increase in UNMISS troop numbers is 'very slow'. Snippet
2014/03/25 IGAD-brokered peace process between GRSS and rebels resumes in Addis Ababa. IGAD press release deplores 'flagrant breach of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement by the Parties' and urges the International Community to put pressure on them to stop the war. Also calls for humanitarian access. Snippet
2014/03 Three years after eruption of fighting in Pibor area (Jonglei state), most schools remain closed. Currently the problem is not so much direct insecurity as indirect effects: limited availability of teachers, and difficulty getting ready to use the new South Sudan curriculum. Pibor County Commissioner hopes schools will open in April with the help of UNICEF. Snippet
2014/03/19 Representatives of the Troika group (US, UK and Norway) and EU make clear they will support IGAD mediators in rejecting GRSS demands to exclude from the peace process the seven formerly-detained alleged coup-plotters. To back this up they are prepared to impose measures against individuals in the government or other negotiating parties who are deemed to be undermining the talks. Snippet 1673
2014/03/18 A water-piping system serving 30,000 people is handed over to Yirol County authorities. It was a project of UN-Habitat. A community resource centre by UNDP is also handed over. Snippet
2014/03/18 GRSS has orchestrated a 'negative campaign' against UNMISS, claims the UN Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations. The incident of wrongful land transportation of weapons was exploited for this campaign, but GRSS refused UNMISS's offer of a joint investigation. Snippet
2014/03/19 The SPLA recaptures Malakal from rebels. A rebel spokesperson says they will claim the oil fields in Upper Nile State, and resist the deployment of any IGAD force sent to defend the infrastructure. Snippet
2014/03/18 The focus of UNMISS is being changed, the UN Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations tells the Security Council. Until the crisis of rebellion is resolved, UNMISS will no longer seek to help extend the authority of the state, but take five other priorities: 'protecting civilians; facilitating humanitarian assistance; monitoring and reporting on human rights; preventing further inter-communal violence; and supporting the IGAD process as and when requested, and within available capabilities'. He requests the Council to raise the number of UNMISS soldiers to 12,500. Snippet
2014/03/17 The UN Security Council expresses grave concern about the security situation in Abyei, and demands that South Sudan and Sudan withdraw their security forces as they agreed in June 2011. Snippet
2014/03 A process of re-planning Juba kicks of with brainstorming exercises. The process is being managed by the Ministry of Lands, Housing and Physical Infrastructure with support from UN-Habitat. Snippet 1643
2014/03/14 The Ugandan army says it will withdraw from South Sudan as soon as the IGAD stabilization force is in place. Snippet
2013/03 A UNHCR protection officer warns that mental health may be a big problem among people displaced by recent violence, particularly the unusually large numbers of adult males who fled to UN camps, and those who have witnessed atrocities and intimidation. Snippet
2014/03/17 The European Union (Foreign Affairs Council) discusses the crisis in South Sudan. Among its conclusions it expresses alarm at a 'significant risk of famine', it encourages further investigations into the causes of the conflict and the perpetrators of crimes, and says it 'stands ready to consider targeted restrictive measures against individuals obstructing the political process'. Snippet
2014/03 President Kiir appoints a team to negotiate South Sudan's entry to the East African Community. Snippet
2014/03/13 Transportation of aid supplies is suffering from “increased levels of harassment and irregular fees and taxes" according to OCHA. This seems to be linked to a general increase in tensions between the UN and GRSS in the context of the rebellion crisis. Snippet 1625
2014/03/14 About 700 workers in Malualbaai (Aweil East, NBGS) have not been paid their food-for-work, they say. They blame the payam administrator, who blames the RRC, WFP and the partner NGO for not delivering the food. Snippet
2014/03/14 Riek Machar deplores the plan for an IGAD force in South Sudan, and threatens to boycott the next round of peace talks if it goes ahead. Snippet
2014/03/14 UNV claims that members of Women Vision, a CBO it has helped set up in Koch County, have successfully persuaded 60 girls to return to school after dropping out. Women Vision also reportedly promotes womens' peacebuilding activities and peacebuilding. Snippet 1618
2014/03 Japan announces some details of its aid response to the crisis: USD 2.5m for mine action work through UNMAS and in association with the Japanese engineers in UNMISS; USD 1 million for the monitoring and verification mission; USD 0.5 million for AUHIP's work. Snippet 1616
2014/03/13 The World Bank mobilizes USD 44m in view of the current crisis. USD 35 million is for the Health Rapid Results project in Upper Nile and Jonglei. USD 9 million is for an Emergency Food Crisis project. Snippet
2014/03/13 IGAD heads of state discuss South Sudan and authorize a Protection and Deterrent Force (PDF) to be joined to the IGAD monitoring and verification mechanism in South Sudan. Snippet
2014/03 A press release from Rally for Peace and Democracy (RPD) expresses alarm at living conditions inside IDP camps run by the UN, claiming that children are dying daily. It also alleges that people in the camps have been shot at and killed by people on the outside as a result of government propaganda from the Information Minister and others that the camps are sheltering armed rebels. Snippet
2014/03 Much of the recent killing is driven by motives of ethnic-based revenge rather than political struggle, according to an UNMISS commander and a recent HRW report. Snippet
2014/03/10 At big youth rally attended by senior politicians in Juba, many call for the replacement of Hilde F. Johnson as UN Special Representative for a failure to maintain neutrality during the rebellion. Magel Ring Machar, chairperson of the Political Parties Youth Forum is applauded when calling for power to be contested by constitutional means, not rebellion. Snippet
2013/12/07 President Kiir meets UN Secretary-General on fringes of African Security Summit in Paris. They discuss the preparations for 2015 elections, security threats to UN staff and the Abyei problem. Snippet 1570
2014/03/07 The AU announces the formation of the previously-promised commission of inquiry into human rights violations committed in the armed conflict since mid-December 2013. It is composed of high-profile members led by former Nigeria president Olesugun Obasanjo. Snippet 1565
2014/03 UNMISS is setting up human rights clubs in girls' schools in Aweil. Snippet 1562
2014/03 The World Bank is supporting a Rapid Results Health Project (RRHP) in Jonglei and Upper Nile, with initial funding of USD 28 million in August 2012, which it says is now 'seeing strong results'. Snippet
2014/03/06 A group of CSOs and their international supporters writes an open letter to the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR), urging it to (1) issue a resolution condemning violations of international law; (2) advocate immediate establishment of the commission of enquiry into human rights abuses which was promised by the AU Commission; (3) promote a culture of respect for human rights and the rule of law in South Sudan through an official visit and other advocacy measures. Snippet 1559
2014/03/06 Security officials in Lakes State find UN trucks apparently carrying weapons to rebel-controlled areas of Unity State. UNMISS admits that some weapons for the Ghanaian battalion in Bentiu were wrongly sent by road instead of air. Snippet 1546
2014/03/05 Five East African countries have agreed to take part in a protection and stabilization force in South Sudan, by arrangement with IGAD, the AU and the UN. The countries are: Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Djibouti and Burundi. Snippet 1542
2014/03/05 A new UNMISS IDP camp is announced for Tongpiny, to be built by the Zhonghao Overseas Construction Engineering Company Limited, with Chinese aid funding. Snippet 1541
2014/03/04 Foreign minister Barnaba Marial has been invited to a meeting of Arab League foreign ministers. He believes GRSS may get help for resolving the current conflict. Snippet 1534
2014/03/04 GRSS blames IGAD mediators for lack of progress in Addis talks with rebels, because they imposed their own agenda and they insisted on the participation of the seven dissident SPLM leaders who had initially been arrested on suspicion of involvement in a coup but were later released. Snippet
2014/03/03 Police say crime has decreased in Juba due to intensified patrols, and with support from UN police. Last week seven police were tried for misconduct, and three dismissed. Snippet
2014/02/27 WFP estimates that 4,600 tonnes of relief food has been looted. Snippet
2014/03 GRSS requests IGAD nations to provide battalions to protect the oilfields. Snippet
2014/03/03 Presidential spokesman says GRSS tapped a phone conversation from a top UN official saying that rebels would be assisted if they reached Juba. Snippet
2014/03/02 Nuer residents of the UNMISS camp in Bor say they cannot go out because Nuer who go out are killed. Snippet
2014/03/01 AUHIP adjourns its mediated talks on the Two Areas (Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile) between GOS and SPLM-N. It had submitted a proposal, but SPLM-N had made a fundamentally different proposal. AUHIP will refer back to its mandating body, the African Union Peace and Security Council (AUPSC). Snippet
2014/02 UNHCR has been trying to move refugees from Yida to other camps, as it considers Yida too close to the Sudan border, too militarized, and too big. But refugee groups are opposing this, and alleging undue pressure. Snippet
2014/02 Diplaced people at UNMISS Tongping (Juba) base are refusing to leave despite poor camp conditions, as they still fear for their safety since the 2013/14 rebellion. Snippet 1495
2014/02/26 The US is shifting some of its security sector aid support from the South Sudan forces to the IGAD ceasefire monitoring operation, according to special envoy, Donald Booth. Snippet
2014/02/27 Part of a contingent of 250 Ghanaian troops arrived to reinforce the Mongolian UNMISS battalion in Bentiu. Snippet 1490
2014/02 GRSS and rebels both agree to discuss forming an interim government: a proposal tabled by IGAD mediators at talks in Addis Ababa. Snippet
2014/02 A school has been set up for young inmates in Yambio central prison, with the help of UNMISS. Snippet
2014/02 GIZ is supporting P4P (Purchase for Progress) a scheme in which South Sudanese farmers are trained and organized to sell food to WFP more effectively. Snippet

Pages

Reference Mini-review
Mapuor Malual Manguen, 2014/07/14. Bibliography item: Mapuor Malual Manguen (2014/07/14) "The Conspiracy behind South Sudanese Mysterious peace Talks". (Article). PaanLuel Wël. [Article] PaanLuel Wël. Accessed online.

Surmises that the slow progress of peace talks reflects a lack of interest by neighbours (Sudan, the AU, IGAD) in peace. The mediation approach seems complicated deliberately to make things move slowly.

Juma Mabor Marial, 2014/07/08. Bibliography item: Juma Mabor Marial (2014/07/08) "IGAD and International Community (TRIOKA) are not doing enough to end Conflict in South Sudan". (Article). South Sudan News Agency. [Article] South Sudan News Agency. Accessed online.

The title of this 2,400-word article is a little misleading. The author rather argues that the Troika countries (USA, UK and Norway) through the IGAD mediators are intruding too much in the Addis Ababa peace talks. It articulates the view that they are trying to impose a substantive outcome through their insistence on the involvement of third-party stakeholders such as dissident politicians and civil society groups. But too many civil society representatives turn out to be self-interested and covertly aligned. They should instead be involved in a post-agreement National Dialogue Conference.

Harry Verhoeven, 2014/05/30. Bibliography item: Harry Verhoeven (2014/05/30) "South Sudan conflict destabilizes Ethiopia’s regional strategy". (Article). Radio Tamazuj. [Article] Radio Tamazuj. Accessed online.

This 1000-word article points out the special interest of Ethiopia in regional stability - an interest built on the potential for the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam to export power to neighbouring countries - and hence in South Sudan stability. In passing, it states that Uganda President Museveni consulted with the US (in the person of National Security Advisor Susan Rice) before sending its troops to help GRSS fight the rebels in December 2013.

Lual Magok, 2014/05/20. Bibliography item: Lual Magok (2014/05/20) "What is Government Programme toward Citizens who Stranded in UNMISS Camps". (Article). Nyamilepedia. [Article] Nyamilepedia. Accessed online.

This 1,300-word article, based on informal research in UNMISS camps in Juba, looks at why Nuer people still refuse to leave the camps. Besides stronger assurance of physical security, they need ways of recovering the homes, possessions and jobs, many of which have been taken over by others. The article lists ten measures which GRSS must take in order to exercise its duty of care and protection.

Eric Reeves, 2014/05/11. Bibliography item: Eric Reeves (2014/05/11) "Cease-fire in South Sudan falters". (Article). Sudan Tribune. [Article] Sudan Tribune. Accessed online.

Short article in which Reeves contends that the ceasefire agreed by Salva Kiir and Riek Machar on 9th May is already falling apart, and 'never had a chance', due to the weakness of the monitoring bodies and failure of Western nations to strengthen them on time.

Salva Kiir Mayardit and Riek Machar Teny, 2014/05/09. Bibliography item: Salva Kiir Mayardit (2014/05/09) "Agreement to Resolve the Crisis in South Sudan". (Operating document). IGAD (Inter-Governmental Authority on Development). [Operating document] IGAD (Inter-Governmental Authority on Development). Accessed online.
UNMISS, 2014/05/08. Bibliography item: UNMISS (2014/05/08) "Conflict in South Sudan: A Human Rights Report". (Report). United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan. [Report] United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan. Accessed online.

This report is an important landmark in the progress of investigation and accountability for atrocities during the 2013/14 rebellion. It provides the most detailed and comprehensive view so far of these. While acknowledging that it does not yet meet the level required for prosecutions, it strongly makes the case not only that war crimes have taken place, but that these are systematic enough to indicate crimes against humanity. The RSS law system should be strengthened to deal with these cases and if GRSS does not provide this then a special or hybrid international tribunal should be formed.

Daniel van Oudenaren, 2014/05. Bibliography item: Daniel van Oudenaren (2014/05) "Peacekeeping under attack in South Sudan". (Article). Radio Tamazuj. [Article] Radio Tamazuj. Accessed online., Accessed online.

This three-part article is more gripping and incisive than its title suggests. It argues that UNMISS could and should have adopted a less cautious and defensive strategy. After the debacle of Akobo on 19 December, when some of its soldiers were captured and two killed, it focussed on protecting its own bases and the civilians sheltering there when atrocities were happening nearby. It's public statements seem to have been subdued in the face of intimidation by GRSS.

David K. Deng, 2014/05. Bibliography item: David K. Deng (2014/05) "Special Court for Serious Crimes (SCSC): A Proposal for Justice and Accountability in South Sudan". (Report). South Sudan Law Society. [Report] South Sudan Law Society. Accessed online.

This 12-page working paper is an important step in developing the idea of using a hybrid court to try people responsible for gross atrocities in the recent violent conflict. It considers many practical implications of the idea and creates a solid framework for further discussion and action. Its key recommendations are: (1)  Include language in a peace agreement providing for justice and accountability; (2) Prohibit amnesties for international crimes; (3) Educate people about the court; (4) Assess national capacity to administer a hybrid court; (5) Adopt regional and international treaties.

Jok Madut Jok, 2014/04/27. The Undeniable Facts About South Sudan’s Conflict [Article] Gurtong. Accessed online.

Jok Madut Jok first analyses the current conflict in terms of members of a corrupt political elite vying for office, and seeking ethnic support, leading to inter-ethnic killing. He partly blames the political apathy of citizens for going along with this rather than targeting the real problems of the state. Jok observes that there can be no clear victor in the war, and that none of the parties can escape responsibility for the suffering caused. He criticizes Western and IGAD states for imposing an approach to negotiations involving the seven former detainees.

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