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peace conference

Date Snippet Page
2014/06/16 GRSS and SPLM-IO both boycott a scheduled session of peace talks: SPLM-IO because it was unhappy about the IGAD mediators' method of selecting non-combatant participants; GRSS because the IGAD Executive Secretary called both sides 'stupid' for believing a military solution was possible. Snippet: GRSS and SPLM-IO both boycott a scheduled session of peace talks: SPLM....
2014/06/06 to 2014/06/07 IGAD organizes a ‘multi-stakeholder symposium’ in Addis Ababa ‘to initiate an inclusive phase of the peace process in South Sudan’. The event includes opposition, political parties, faith-based groups and civil society organizations. Snippet: IGAD organizes a ‘multi-stakeholder symposium’ in Addis Ababa ‘t....
2014/06/10 An extraordinary summit of IGAD heads of state and government deplores continued flagrant breaches of the South Sudan cessation of hostilities agreements (26 Jan, 6 May, 9 May), and reaffirms the principle of inclusivity in peace talks (involvement of dissident SPLM leaders, other parties, civil society and faith groups). It threatens pressure and punishments against GRSS and SPLM-IO if they continue to violate agreements, hinder humanitarian aid, or obstruct the principle of inclusivity. Snippet: An extraordinary summit of IGAD heads of state and government deplores....
2014/05/26 to 2014/05/28 A peace conference is held for Lakes state traditional leaders and county commissioners trying to stem inter-communal violence. But some chiefs boycott it and it breaks up early. Police complain that the public is trying to isolate the government by not co-operating in criminal investigations. It appears that participants agreed on an idea put forward by the acting Lakes governor, of internal borders supervised by tribal courts. But some observers consider this impractical and likely to engender more conflict. Snippet: A peace conference is held for Lakes state traditional leaders and cou....
2014/05/29 to 2-14/05/31 Controversy erupts over the selection of civil society groups to take part in peace talks under IGAD. IGAD mediator Lazaro Sumbeiywo visits Juba and is accused by the South Sudan Civil Society Alliance of rejecting them in favour of Citizens for Peace and Justice (which is not registered with the government). Snippet: Controversy erupts over the selection of civil society groups to take ....
2014/05/23 156 people are reported dead in clashes between youth from Rumbek North and Cueibet Counties, Lakes State, according to police. The dead are mainly from Waat and Panyar sections. Many died in an ambush when returning home with raided cattle. Communities do not co-operate much with police investigations. A peace conference had started by 27 May. Snippet: 156 people are reported dead in clashes between youth from Rumbek Nort....
2014/05/26 to 2014/05/27 Representatives of Rizeigat and Dinka Malual peoples meet in Gok Machar, NBGS, on their cross-border relationship. They review the implementation of 18 rules which they had agreed in January, and agree terms for Reizeigat cattle grazing in NBGS in the coming year. Snippet: Representatives of Rizeigat and Dinka Malual peoples meet in Gok Macha....
2014/05/15 The GRSS Information Minister claims that the US is waging a proxy war against the government in order to gain control of South Sudan's oil, according to a report in The Standard (Nairobi). He says that Riek Machar and his group have promised when in power to help the Americans gain oil concessions, and suggests that US pressure made IGAD mediators propose the interim government plan which President Kiir signed. Snippet: The GRSS Information Minister claims that the US is waging a proxy war....
2014/05/09 A peace agreement is signed between David Yauyau`s SSLM/A-C group and GRSS in Addis Ababa. It was mediated by church leaders under Bishop Paride Taban. It is unclear whether the terms vary from those initialled on 28th March, which involve the creation and funding of a Greater Pibor Administrative Area. Snippet: A peace agreement is signed between David Yauyau`s SSLM/A-C group and ....
2014/05/09 Salva Kiir and Riek Machar sign a peace agreement in Addis Ababa. The agreement (proposed in outline by mediators from the Government of Ethiopia on behalf of IGAD and negotiated in detail by shuttling between the two leaders) involves a truce to take place within 24 hours, and the formation of a 'government of national unity'. It also pledges respect for humanitarian corridors and the UN. The Prime Minister of Ethiopia and the US State Secretary both call it a 'breakthrough' in the peace process. Snippet: Salva Kiir and Riek Machar sign a peace agreement in Addis Ababa. The ....
2014/05/07 Kenya President Kenyatta receives the four politicians who were inconclusively tried for coup plotting: Pagan Amum, Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth, Majak D'Agoot and Oyay Deng. The four are expected to participate in the peace talks in Ethiopia. Snippet: Kenya President Kenyatta receives the four politic....
2014/05/06 UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon meets President Kiir in Juba. A GRSS press release states that Kiir commended the role played by Hilde Johnson as head of UNMISS and that GRSS is committed to the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement and the humanitarian Month of Tranquility in May. A 'top aide' of Kiir also says that Kiir agreed to the idea of forming an interim administration with Riek Machar and others, according to Sudan Tribune. Snippet: UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon meets President K....
2014/05/02 US State Secretary Kerry meets President Kiir and reports that Kiir has committed to take 'forceful' steps to implement the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement and to engage in discussions on a transitional government. Kiir is also ready to meet Riek Machar in Addis Ababa next week. Kerry also emphasized the importance of stopping verbal attacks on humanitarian workers. He reveals the extent of his personal communications with Kiir since 15 December and says the US does not 'put any kind of equivalency' between the elected government and rebels who sought power by force. Snippet: US State Secretary Kerry meets President Kiir and ....
2014/04/29 Riek Machar recently received a delegation of African, US, British, Norwegian, UN and IGAD envoys at his base in the field. Some are trying to arrange a face-to-face meeting between him and President Kiir. Snippet
2014/04/17 MPs of and other policians of Ananatak area in Tonj East County are criticized for failing to make peace initiatives in the inter-communal conflicts between Kongor and Thiik, and Luanykoth and Akok Tek. Prominent politicians include Awut Deng Acuil and Wek Mamer. Snippet 1875
2014/04/26 The CPJ (Citizens for Peace and Justice) calls on both GRSS and rebels to publicly denounce the crimes committed by their own forces, and hold the perpetrators accountable. It also calls for adherence to January's Cessation of Hostilities agreement, admission of civil society representatives to the IGAD-facilitated negotiations, and free secure access for the AU Commission of Inquiry. Snippet
2014/04/15 Sudan criticizes IGAD mediators approach to the talks between South Sudan and rebels. It suggests they are following the agenda of Western countries in trying to impose an interim government. It says the talks should involve other parties and civil society, and that Sudan would be well placed to make the proposals. Snippet
2014/04/08 A peace conference between Rup and Kuei (Dinka) sections in Rumbek Central is set back after two MPs start fighting. Snippet
2014/04/07 IGAD mediators drop their demand that the 'SPLM 7' group be included in the main peace talks with GRSS and Riek Machar's rebels. Their inclusion had been a stumbling-block for GRSS participation. IGAD and the Government of Ethiopia sidestepped the problem by creating a separate process for extra internal dialogue in the SPLM. Snippet
2014/04/04 Vice-President Wani Igga asserts that the government's peace negotiations with rebels will end with a general amnesty. Snippet
2014/04/05 A National Platform for Peace and Reconciliation (NPPR) is launched, said to be independent of government, but joining the work of three bodies with government mandates: the the Peace and Reconciliation Commission, the Specialised Committee on Peace and Reconciliation in the National Legislative Assembly, and the Committee for National Healing, Peace and Reconciliation. NPPR is fronted by Archbishop Daniel Deng and has major support from churches. President Kiir welcomes the initiative, but VP Wani Igga suggests it has no role until GRSS has reached a high-level agreement with the rebels. Snippet 1753
2014/04/05 IGAD mediators set up an SPLM Intra-Party Dialogue Forum to run in addition to the main peace negotiations between GRSS and rebels. The Forum is facilitated with the help of the ruling parties of Ethiopia and South Africa. The AU welcomes it. Snippet
2014/04/01 Peace talks between GRSS and rebels have reportedly stalled, due to GRSS refusal to meet the demand of IGAD mediators to include the group of seven dissident SPLM leaders in the talks. The IGAD mediators are reportedly adjourning the talks until 30 April in order to consult with IGAD heads of state. Snippet
2014/03/28 A peace agreement is initialled by negotiators of GRSS and SSDM-Cobra (David Yauyau militia). The agreement is to create a Greater Pibor Administrative Area, similar to a new state. It also involves a special development fund, increased representation of Murle people in the National Legislative Assembly, and positions for Murle in the national government. The agreement was facilitated by a South Sudanese Church Leaders Mediation Initiative (CLMI). Snippet 1715
2014/03/25 IGAD-brokered peace process between GRSS and rebels resumes in Addis Ababa. IGAD press release deplores 'flagrant breach of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement by the Parties' and urges the International Community to put pressure on them to stop the war. Also calls for humanitarian access. Snippet
2014/03/21 A peace process is organized in Rumbek North county to reconcile youth from Gaak and Manuer sub-clans. Local MPs, chiefs and students take part. Snippet
2014/03/19 Representatives of the Troika group (US, UK and Norway) and EU make clear they will support IGAD mediators in rejecting GRSS demands to exclude from the peace process the seven formerly-detained alleged coup-plotters. To back this up they are prepared to impose measures against individuals in the government or other negotiating parties who are deemed to be undermining the talks. Snippet 1673
2014/01 GRSS signs a cessation of hostilities agreement with David Yau Yau group (Cobra Faction of the South Sudan Democratic Movement/Army). The talks have been facilitated by church leaders. Snippet
2014/03/18 The focus of UNMISS is being changed, the UN Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations tells the Security Council. Until the crisis of rebellion is resolved, UNMISS will no longer seek to help extend the authority of the state, but take five other priorities: 'protecting civilians; facilitating humanitarian assistance; monitoring and reporting on human rights; preventing further inter-communal violence; and supporting the IGAD process as and when requested, and within available capabilities'. He requests the Council to raise the number of UNMISS soldiers to 12,500. Snippet
2014/03/14 Riek Machar deplores the plan for an IGAD force in South Sudan, and threatens to boycott the next round of peace talks if it goes ahead. Snippet
2014/03 The peace committee for relations between Rizeigat and Dinka Malual orders blood compensation of 41 cows (or money equivalent) from an SPLA soldier to the family of a Rizeigat man he killed. Snippet
2014/03/10 Eritrea warns against peace facilitation for South Sudan by regional and other international powers, suspecting that it may be designed to perpetuate turmoil from which they can profit. It urges that South Sudan be left to work out its problems internally. It strongly denies assisting Riek Machar or other opponents of GRSS. Snippet
2014/03/09 Yassir Arman, Secretary-General of SPLM-N, thinks that the current rebellion crisis in South Sudan should be resolved by SPLM cadres without external mediation. Snippet
2014/03/04 GRSS blames IGAD mediators for lack of progress in Addis talks with rebels, because they imposed their own agenda and they insisted on the participation of the seven dissident SPLM leaders who had initially been arrested on suspicion of involvement in a coup but were later released. Snippet
2014/03/03 The Council of Ministers approves mandate for a second round of talks between GRSS and the rebel faction of David Yau Yau. Snippet
2014/03/01 AUHIP adjourns its mediated talks on the Two Areas (Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile) between GOS and SPLM-N. It had submitted a proposal, but SPLM-N had made a fundamentally different proposal. AUHIP will refer back to its mandating body, the African Union Peace and Security Council (AUPSC). Snippet
2014/01/21 The annual peace conference between Dinka Malual and Rizeigat in Gok Machar (NBGS) is abruptly postponed, reportedly due to another commitment of the organizing committee in Eastern Darfur. Snippet
2014/02 to 2014/03 A peace dialogue is held in Tonj South between Apuk-Jurwiir and Thony communities, initiated by Warrap State government. A further dialogue is held in mid-March with support from UNMISS. Snippet 1377
2013/10/08 The Unity State Assembly only now approves the communiqué and resolutions of June's Tri-State Conference on issues of border security with Lakes and Warrap States. Snippet 1325
2013/06/19 The governors of Unity, Warrap and Lakes states sign a communique at the end of a Tri-State Conference on Cross-Border Security Issues, following recent violence. The communique reports resolutions and immediate action points. Snippet
2013/09 to 2013/10 Neighbouring border communities from the triangle area of South Sudan, Kenya and Uganda hold a peace conference in Kapoeta East. Snippet
2013/01/29 Germany hosts a 'Sudan-South Sudan Economic Conference' attended by the German and Sudanese foreign ministers and the South Sudan ambassador to Germany. SPLM-N protests against the conference. (The Niles, 30 January 2013) Snippet 622
2012/11 Nov 2012: EES has a Council of Traditional Authority Leadership (COTAL) for matters including local peace processes, which is dissolved and re-elected this month. (Gurtong, 5 Nov) Snippet 585
2012/04/17 Torit peace talks over Magwe situation, 17-21 Apr 2012. See Miraya and SCRN reports Snippet 583
2012/08 AECOM organises conference in Wanyjok on cattle theft (The Niles, 16 Aug 2012) Snippet 544
Reference Mini-review
Mapuor Malual Manguen, 2014/07/14. Bibliography item: Mapuor Malual Manguen (2014/07/14) "The Conspiracy behind South Sudanese Mysterious peace Talks". (Article). PaanLuel Wël. [Article] PaanLuel Wël. Accessed online.

Surmises that the slow progress of peace talks reflects a lack of interest by neighbours (Sudan, the AU, IGAD) in peace. The mediation approach seems complicated deliberately to make things move slowly.

Jérôme Tubiana, 2014/07/14. Bibliography item: Jérôme Tubiana (2014/07/14) "Civil Society and the South Sudan Crisis". (Article). International Crisis Group. [Article] International Crisis Group. Accessed online.

A 2,000-word article, which examines the problem of including civil society in current peace talks between GRSS and rebels in Addis Ababa. It sees such involvement as essential; civil society voice should not be left to a later dialogue/reconciliation process. But it argues that 'civil society' should mean more than organizations which are often influenced by donor funders and by ethnic politics. There should be: more emphasis on community and religious leaders; many representatives, to reduce risks of imbalance; and sensitivity to security risks arising for civil society representatives.

Juma Mabor Marial, 2014/07/08. Bibliography item: Juma Mabor Marial (2014/07/08) "IGAD and International Community (TRIOKA) are not doing enough to end Conflict in South Sudan". (Article). South Sudan News Agency. [Article] South Sudan News Agency. Accessed online.

The title of this 2,400-word article is a little misleading. The author rather argues that the Troika countries (USA, UK and Norway) through the IGAD mediators are intruding too much in the Addis Ababa peace talks. It articulates the view that they are trying to impose a substantive outcome through their insistence on the involvement of third-party stakeholders such as dissident politicians and civil society groups. But too many civil society representatives turn out to be self-interested and covertly aligned. They should instead be involved in a post-agreement National Dialogue Conference.

Beny Gideon Mabor, 2014/07/04. Bibliography item: Beny Gideon Mabor (2014/07/04) "The dilemma of IGAD-led peace process for South Sudan". (Article). Sudan Tribune. [Article] Sudan Tribune. Accessed online.

In this short article, one of the representatives of civil society at the South Sudan peace process in Addis Ababa reflects on the slow progress and current suspension of the talks. He argues that some of the blame rests with IGAD's mediation, which 'wasted a lot of time in procedural aspects than on substantive issues'. He would like to see a new mediation strategy 'including mandating the IGAD Special Envoys with powers to decide on certain substantive matters'.

Harry Verhoeven, 2014/05/30. Bibliography item: Harry Verhoeven (2014/05/30) "South Sudan conflict destabilizes Ethiopia’s regional strategy". (Article). Radio Tamazuj. [Article] Radio Tamazuj. Accessed online.

This 1000-word article points out the special interest of Ethiopia in regional stability - an interest built on the potential for the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam to export power to neighbouring countries - and hence in South Sudan stability. In passing, it states that Uganda President Museveni consulted with the US (in the person of National Security Advisor Susan Rice) before sending its troops to help GRSS fight the rebels in December 2013.

Salva Kiir Mayardit and Riek Machar Teny, 2014/05/09. Bibliography item: Salva Kiir Mayardit (2014/05/09) "Agreement to Resolve the Crisis in South Sudan". (Operating document). IGAD (Inter-Governmental Authority on Development). [Operating document] IGAD (Inter-Governmental Authority on Development). Accessed online.
David K. Deng, 2014/05. Bibliography item: David K. Deng (2014/05) "Special Court for Serious Crimes (SCSC): A Proposal for Justice and Accountability in South Sudan". (Report). South Sudan Law Society. [Report] South Sudan Law Society. Accessed online.

This 12-page working paper is an important step in developing the idea of using a hybrid court to try people responsible for gross atrocities in the recent violent conflict. It considers many practical implications of the idea and creates a solid framework for further discussion and action. Its key recommendations are: (1)  Include language in a peace agreement providing for justice and accountability; (2) Prohibit amnesties for international crimes; (3) Educate people about the court; (4) Assess national capacity to administer a hybrid court; (5) Adopt regional and international treaties.

Jok Madut Jok, 2014/04/27. The Undeniable Facts About South Sudan’s Conflict [Article] Gurtong. Accessed online.

Jok Madut Jok first analyses the current conflict in terms of members of a corrupt political elite vying for office, and seeking ethnic support, leading to inter-ethnic killing. He partly blames the political apathy of citizens for going along with this rather than targeting the real problems of the state. Jok observes that there can be no clear victor in the war, and that none of the parties can escape responsibility for the suffering caused. He criticizes Western and IGAD states for imposing an approach to negotiations involving the seven former detainees.

Alex de Waal, 2014/04/27. Bibliography item: Alex de Waal (2014/04/27) "Can there be a Democratic Developmental Peace?". (Article). World Peace Foundation, Tufts University. [Article] World Peace Foundation, Tufts University. Accessed online.

Originally an address to African leaders at the Tana High Level Forum, this (sometimes provocative) article emphasizes the way states are financed after peace agreements. A 'rental peace' (based on sharing of state resources among factions and their leaders) is sustainable only while the national budget expands. It can marginally be improved by better ways of managing, regulating and using money. But a 'democratic developmental peace' is more like the one in Burundi, where there were many contending parties and talks became a kind of exercise in national civic education.

International Crisis Group, 2014/04/10. South Sudan: A civil war by any other name [Report] International Crisis Group. Accessed online.

47-page report. Narrates the origins and early consequences of the December 2015 rebellion. Recommends inclusion of all stakeholders (including civil society representatives) in the peace process rather than pursuing a short-term fix among elites. More distinctively, the report highlights the inconsistency in UNMISS's mandate and practice: supporting GRSS functions in some areas but claiming neutrality as between the forces of GRSS and rebels in other places. The report contends that the mandate should be clearly consolidated and communicated around the neutral role.

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