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2014/07/15 Fees on Sudanese transhumant animals in Upper Nile State are being reduced. The fees are reportedly levied by a non-governmental Pastoralists Union in the state, and the high level has apparently discouraged migration or payment by herders from Sennar, White Nile and Blue Nile States. Snippet: Fees on Sudanese transhumant animals in Upper Nile State are being red....
2014/07/14 Tonj civil hospital has run out of injectable drugs, while Tonj town is virtually cut off by rains on poor roads. The problem of drug supply seems to be more general, in Warrap state at least. Snippet: Tonj civil hospital has run out of injectable drugs, while Tonj town i....
2014/06 A large consignment of weapons is shipped by Norinco (a Chinese company) to GRSS. Snippet: A large consignment of weapons is shipped by Norinco (a Chinese compan....
2014/07 Vice-president Wani visits China and receives pledges of USD 24 million aid, including USD 1.4 for the Kiir Mayardit Maternity Hospital. Various aid is promised to the SPLM party, including the training of cadres, the construction of a head office, and the publication of books. Snippet: Vice-president Wani visits China and receives pledges of USD 24 millio....
2014/07/07 President Kiir launches renewed upgrade work on Juba airport, accusing former ministers of embezzling funds previously allocated for the purpose. The current work is to be carried out by the Chinese Harbour Engineering Company. Snippet: President Kiir launches renewed upgrade work on Juba airport, accusing....
2014/07/04 Jonglei state has cancelled its agreement with OCHA, the UN's humanitarian coordination agency, over dispute about relative quantities of food distributed in government- and rebel-held areas, says the state's information minister. Snippet: Jonglei state has cancelled its agreement with OCHA, the UN's hum....
2014/06/14 The Agriculture ministry aims to eliminate food shortages by 2018 using mechanized farming methods. Snippet: The Agriculture ministry aims to eliminate food shortages by 2018 usin....
2014/07/02 Bilateral arrangements with Sudan, including an agreement on customs and immigration, are strengthened in a visit to Khartoum by the Interior Minister, Aleu Ayieny. Snippet: Bilateral arrangements with Sudan, including an agreement on customs a....
2014/07/02 The National Security Service confiscates the day’s print run of the Juba Monitor newspaper, apparently because it is covering the debate over federalism. However, the Presidential Spokesman and the Information Minister had reasserted that media were free to cover the issue of federalism. Snippet: The National Security Service confiscates the day’s print run of the....
2014/05/31 Emergency schooling during the crisis since December 2013 has reached about 110,000 children. But many schools suffer from gross overcrowding, and the target was over 200,000 children. As of 31st May, the education section of the Consolidated Appeal had only been 32% funded. Snippet: Emergency schooling during the crisis since December 2013 has reached ....
2014/06 China is consigning humanitarian aid through the SSRRC (Relief and Rehabilitation Commission): non-food items like tents, mosquito nets and solar panels. Snippet: China is consigning humanitarian aid through the SSRRC (Relief and Reh....
2014/06 The rate of HIV among people tested in Morobo County and Yei River County health facilties has risen sharply. Snippet: The rate of HIV among people tested in Morobo County and Yei River Cou....
2014/06 In Aweil South County (NBGS) people are imprisoned for farming within the county capital, Malek-alel. The Commissioner says rules were agreed about this, but the Paramount Chief says the chiefs were not consulted. Snippet: In Aweil South County (NBGS) people are imprisoned for farming within ....
2014/06/02 Oil income in the 2013-4 financial year was USD 3.5 bn. After deductions for loan repayment and agreed contribution to Sudan, the revenue for GRSS was 1.9 bn, according to the oil minister. Snippet: Oil income in the 2013-4 financial year was USD 3.5 bn. After deductio....
2014/06/03 The Ministry of Education says it does not know how many teachers there are, and is therefore planning a head-count. The exercise is to interview every individual teacher. Snippet: The Ministry of Education says it does not know how many teachers ther....
2014/06/02 Systematic extortion from traders to Warawar market (near the border with Sudan in NBGS) is being done by a gang (possibly associated with an Arab ethnic group). Snippet: Systematic extortion from traders to Warawar market (near the border w....
2014/06/02 to 2014/06/03 National- and state- level education ministers meet for consultation. Among problems discussed are weak arrangements for examinations, lack of textbooks, and the need for a system which embraces people with disabilities. Snippet: National- and state- level education ministers meet for consultation. ....
2014/05/31 Work is going ahead in WES on USAID’s Feeder and Trunk Roads Program, implemented by Tetra Tech. Snippet: Work is going ahead in WES on USAID’s Feeder and Trunk Roads Program....
2014/05/28 The cholera epidemic is linked to household use of untreated water from the Nile, says a WHO official. Snippet: The cholera epidemic is linked to household use of untreated water fro....
2014/05/28 South Sudan has borrowed USD 200 million from oil operators and delayed repayment of domestic loans, says the finance minister. This follows a fall in oil production caused by the ongoing rebellion. Snippet: South Sudan has borrowed USD 200 million from oil operators and delaye....
2014/05/28 The website of Radio Miraya (run by UNMISS) appears to have been discontinued. It started re-directing traffic to the UNMISS website. This may be due to the recent change in UNMISS's mandate. Snippet: The website of Radio Miraya (run by UNMISS) appears to have been disco....
2014/05/27 The UN Security Council renews the mandate of UNMISS (up to 30 November) and requests a sharper focus on protection of civilians, monitoring and investigation of human rights, and support for humanitarian assistance and ceasefire arrangements. Snippet: The UN Security Council renews the mandate of UNMISS (up to 30 Novembe....
2014/05/22 GRSS has set up a taskforce to help draft a media bill. It includes representatives of various kinds of civil society group. The Speaker of the Legislative Assembly, Mark Nyipuoc, says that the aim is to 'reform and reposition the media' to serve democracy and development through transparency and people-driven access to information. Snippet: GRSS has set up a taskforce to help draft a media bill. It includes re....
2014/05 Financiers do not allow work to resume on one [?or both] of the oil refineries being built in Unity and Upper Nile. The construction company is Vintech Engineering of Texas, contracted by Frontier group (Hong Kong/Dubai) with Africano (managed by Obac William Olawo, an economic advisor to President Kiir, who also runs the Toyota dealership Crown Auto Trade Ltd and is said to be 'one of South Sudan's richest men'). Snippet: Financiers do not allow work to resume on one [?or both] of the oil re....
2014/03 to 2014/05 Refugees in Maban County (Upper Nile) camps receive only 37 days worth of rations within a 90 day period. At least 2,000 of the 126,000 are forced to return to Sudan because of food shortages. The World Food Programme has the role of delivering the food. With the road from Gambella (Ethiopia) almost unusable in the rainy season, it has organized some airlifts and airdrops, but is also pursuing the cheaper alternative of barge transportation. Snippet: Refugees in Maban County (Upper Nile) camps receive only 37 days worth....
2014/05/20 A donor conference in Oslo on the crisis in South Sudan initially mobilizes USD 600 million in new pledges. Snippet: A donor conference in Oslo on the crisis in South Sudan initially mobi....
2014/05/15 The GRSS Information Minister claims that the US is waging a proxy war against the government in order to gain control of South Sudan's oil, according to a report in The Standard (Nairobi). He says that Riek Machar and his group have promised when in power to help the Americans gain oil concessions, and suggests that US pressure made IGAD mediators propose the interim government plan which President Kiir signed. Snippet: The GRSS Information Minister claims that the US is waging a proxy war....
2014/05/16 Juba municipality prohibits smoking in public places. Snippet: Juba municipality prohibits smoking in public places.....
2015/05/15 ICRC announces a USD 127 million relief operation, air-dropping food, seed and other items into remote locations. Snippet: ICRC announces a USD 127 million relief operation, air-dropping food, ....
2014/05/15 A cholera outbreak is declared in Juba, apparently originating in an IDP camp, but already spread to 11 residential areas. Snippet: A cholera outbreak is declared in Juba, apparently originating in an I....
2014/05 Bank charges are high in South Sudan because the economy does not let them make much money out of commercial lending, says the Director of Equity Bank. Also, the commercial banks' biggest customer is the government, which often fails to fulfill commitments. Snippet: Bank charges are high in South Sudan because the economy does not let ....
2014/05 Public cattle vaccination in NBGS is extended to cattle of nomadic Sudanese pastoralists (Rizeigat, Misseriya) as well as local herders. Snippet: Public cattle vaccination in NBGS is extended to cattle of nomadic Sud....
2014/05/11 The East African Standard Gauge Railway protocol is signed by the presidents of Kenya and Uganda. The project is expected to link South Sudan to Uganda via Nimule and to Kenya via Nadapal. Work is due to start in October and take three years. The contractor is the China Communications Construction Company. Snippet: The East African Standard Gauge Railway protocol is signed by the pres....
2014/05/12 The UN Secretary-General, speaking to the Security Council, backs the idea of a hybrid tribunal to try cases of atrocity during the rebellion in South Sudan. He also urges donor nations to support the 20th May donor conference in Oslo. Snippet: The UN Secretary-General, speaking to the Security Council, backs the ....
2014/05 MTN is investing heavily in the mobile phone network with the aim of becoming the biggest network in South Sudan by the end of 2014. Snippet: MTN is investing heavily in the mobile phone network with the aim of b....
2014/05/12 The measured malnutrition rate in Doro refugee camp (Maban County) has passed the 'emergency' threshhold. The effect of rain on the roads means that air transportation of supplies will probably be needed. Snippet: The measured malnutrition rate in Doro refugee camp (Maban County) has....
2014/05/13 60 international NGOs sign a public statement mainly urging donors for more emergency funding (through the forthcoming Oslo conference), but also recommending diplomatic support for protection of aid agencies, shift of funds from state-building to community service provision by national agencies, strengthened peace process and ceasefire enforcement, more emphasis on protection in the UNMISS mandate, control of arms flows to South Sudan, and accountability for violence. Snippet: 60 international NGOs sign a public statement mainly urging donors for....
2014/05 A new physical certificate of secondary education - more difficult to forge - is approved by the Ministry of Education. Snippet: A new physical certificate of secondary education - more difficult to ....
2014/05/10 The health ministries of Sudan and South Sudan sign a cooperation agreement. Its areas of coverage include importation of drugs, professional training and human resource development. (The South Sudan health minister is Riek Gai Kok, who served as a minister in Sudan before the independence of South Sudan.) Snippet: The health ministries of Sudan and South Sudan sign a cooperation agre....
2014/05 The rate of female genital mutilation is high and increasing in Raga and Wau counties, according to the WBGS health minister. He calls on aid agencies to help solve the problem. Snippet: The rate of female genital mutilation is high and ....
2014/05 One borehole is available for 19,000 people in part of Terekeka County, meaning that many people take drinking-water from roadside pits. The county commissioner says government funds are lacking and appeals to aid agencies to solve the problem. Snippet: One borehole is available for 19,000 people in par....
2014/05/09 Salva Kiir and Riek Machar sign a peace agreement in Addis Ababa. The agreement (proposed in outline by mediators from the Government of Ethiopia on behalf of IGAD and negotiated in detail by shuttling between the two leaders) involves a truce to take place within 24 hours, and the formation of a 'government of national unity'. It also pledges respect for humanitarian corridors and the UN. The Prime Minister of Ethiopia and the US State Secretary both call it a 'breakthrough' in the peace process. Snippet: Salva Kiir and Riek Machar sign a peace agreement in Addis Ababa. The ....
2014/05/07 Food rations in refugee camps in Maban County (Upper Nile) are inadequate. UNHCR and WFP blames the fighting between GRSS and rebels for insecurity which hinders the transportation of supplies. Snippet: Food rations in refugee camps in Maban County (Upp....
2014/05/06 UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon meets President Kiir in Juba. A GRSS press release states that Kiir commended the role played by Hilde Johnson as head of UNMISS and that GRSS is committed to the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement and the humanitarian Month of Tranquility in May. A 'top aide' of Kiir also says that Kiir agreed to the idea of forming an interim administration with Riek Machar and others, according to Sudan Tribune. Snippet: UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon meets President K....
2014/05/05 The Human Rights Commission is developing a human rights curriculum and teaching materials for both primary and secondary schools. Snippet: The Human Rights Commission is developing a human ....
2014/05/05 A renewed commitment to allow free movement of persons and goods - especially humanitarian aid - is signed by representatives of GRSS (Nhial Deng Nhial) and SPLM/A-IO (Taban Deng). This had already basically been included in the 23rd January Cessation of Hostilities Agreement which has largely broken down. The new document more specifically includes a commitment to 'consider one month of tranquility from 7 May to 7 June' to allow cultivation and movement of aid and displaced people. Snippet: A renewed commitment to allow free movement of per....
2014/05/02 US State Secretary Kerry meets President Kiir and reports that Kiir has committed to take 'forceful' steps to implement the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement and to engage in discussions on a transitional government. Kiir is also ready to meet Riek Machar in Addis Ababa next week. Kerry also emphasized the importance of stopping verbal attacks on humanitarian workers. He reveals the extent of his personal communications with Kiir since 15 December and says the US does not 'put any kind of equivalency' between the elected government and rebels who sought power by force. Snippet: US State Secretary Kerry meets President Kiir and ....
2014/05 A 20-part peacebuilding radio drama series named 'Sawa Shabab' is launched, based on an educational peacebuilding curriculum. It is produced by Free Voice South Sudan with support from USIP, to be aired on Radio Miraya and the Catholic Radio Network and other local stations. Snippet: A 20-part peacebuilding radio drama series named &....
2014/05 The road linking Kuacjok (the Warrap State capital) to Tonj South County, Lakes and NBGS is likely to become impassible during the rainy season unless there is special help from the national government, says the Tonj South Commissioner. The 'social taxes' of SSP 30 per household raised at local level are inadequate to maintain the road. Snippet: The road linking Kuacjok (the Warrap State capital....
2014/04/30 The National Crisis Management Committee is blamed by the NBGS Education Minister for still blocking payment of teachers' February salaries, leading to stoppages of schooling in the state. Snippet
2014/04/29 The UN humanitarian chief in South Sudan, Toby Lanzerh, asks the warring parties to observe a month of tranquility during May. This is to allow disaster-affected people to move more freely, and to allow farming in the crucial cultivation period. Snippet
2014/04/27 Dinka youth in the northern part of Upper Nile State have reportedly been mobilized on behalf of GRSS to help defend the Paloich oilfields. Snippet
2014/04/26 1,400 people died of malaria in 2013, and two million suffered from the infection, says Health Minister Riek Gai. Snippet 1867
2014/04/23 A concerted multiple immunization campaign begins in seven states, aiming to provide two million under-5 children with vaccines against measles and polio, and providing vitamin A supplements. Snippet 1864
2014/04/23 Information Minister Michael Makuei alleges that people were turned away from shelter in the UN base during the rebel capture of Bentiu the previous week; an allegation which is rebutted by UNMISS. Snippet
2014/04 Following the rebel capture of Bentiu town in mid-April, some SPLM-in-Opposition commanders broadcast ethnic hate-speech, and call for vengeful sexual violence against women based on their ethnicity. (Others call for reconciliation.) Snippet 1840
2014/04/18 China donates USD 8.5 million for humanitarian assistance, apparently through GRSS, it is announced when the Chinese Ambassador meets the Minister the Office of the President. Snippet 1837
2014/04/17 The first batch of 116 students graduates from [the latest incarnation of] Lainya vocational training institute, in a project run by PLAN International, funded by the EU. Snippet 1830
2014/04 Chi'ang Wei company is starting industrial pig farming, based at Luri [?Lainya County] in CES. Snippet
2014/04/16 The Governor of CES orders a stop to cutting of teak until further notice, citing 'massive deforestation without replacement'. This follows recent protests about lack of community benefit in Kagelu areas. Snippet
2014/04/16 President Kiir launches a South Sudan Food Security Council (FSC), comprising 15 members of existing government institutions. (He had ordered the FSC's creation back in May 2012). In view of fears of under-production in the coming rainy season (due to the rebellion crisis), he suggests ways of increasing production: banning games of cards and dominoes; suspending local courts; suspending other activities on Saturdays so that people may cultivate. He also announces his donation to the agriculture ministry of 1,000 tractors for distribution in all of the states. Snippet 1818
2014 UNFPA (UN Population Fund) supports 29 international midwives across the ten states, providing emergency obstetric care and kits for deliveries, in conjunction with IMC (International Medical Corps). Snippet 1817
2013 to 2014 Egypt has provided a well-equipped health clinic in Akon Payam (Gogrial West County, Warrap State), and doctors to staff it (although the staff left during the insecurity in late 2013 and early 2014). Snippet
2014/04/17 President Kiir orders the Ministers of Interior, Defense and National Security to remove illegal checkpoints on major roads, especially in order to facilitate humanitarian aid. Snippet
2014/04/15 Employees of Safinat Caspian Oil Refining Company, building a refinery about 25km from Bentiu, come under attack (presumably by rebel forces) are extracted by UN peacekeepers to Bentiu. Five of them are wounded, two critically. Snippet
2014/04/10 Timber companies operating in Kagelu National Forest agree to help build a new primary school in the area. This comes in a meeting at the headquarters of Yei River County chaired by the county commissioner after complaints from the local people that they were not gaining enough benefit from the government-licensed activities. The commissioner also suspends teak logging in the area until further measures are in place to ensure community benefits. Snippet 1797
2014/04/14 The Union of National Banks of South Sudan donates a thousand bags of food (sugar, beans and flour) for displaced people and the army in Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile. Snippet
2014/04/12 A Call for Action on South Sudan is issued by representatives of the USA, EU and UN, meeting in Washington DC. It says the next three months are critical for averting a famine which could affect seven million people. It urges donors to provide USD 232m for the next three months. It also urges the warring parties to stop fighting and to respect international law. Snippet
2014/04 Education Minister John Gai Yoh visits Egypt. It is announced that Egypt will provide at least 2,500 scholarships for South Sudanese, and Alexandria University hopes to establish a branch in South Sudan. Snippet
2014/04/11 A 2014-2021 strategic health plan is launched by national and state health ministries at the end of a workshop in Nairobi. The planning process has been supported by USAID, WHO, PSI, Mentor initiative, and malaria control officials from other African countries. Snippet 1788
2014/04/11 Only 37% of health practitioners in Juba town have proper qualifications, according to a government press release. Snippet
2014/04/11 A General Medical Council is to be formed, announce the health and justice ministries. The Council will help set and enforce medical standards. Snippet 1779
2014/04/09 MSF accuses UNMISS of 'shocking indifference' in not improving conditions for displaced people in Tomping (Tongpiny) camp, even though plans for their transfer to another site face difficulties. Snippet 1777
2013/11 1,851 students sit the South Sudan School Certificate Exams in November 2013. The pass rate is 65%. Church-aided schools perform better than government and private schools. There are no results for two schools whose exam papers were destroyed in events of the rebellion. Results are withheld for three schools where cheating was suspected. Snippet
2014/04 Most school students are late for the beginning of the school year, according to the Education Director of Tonj South County (Warrap State). This may be because they are following the pattern previously established in Sudan. Or it may be because they have not returned from seasonal fishing and cattle-herding in remote wetlands. Snippet
2014/04 Lakes state bans logging and lumbering (rather than issuing licenses for it as previously). The state also requires charcoal and bamboo dealers to obtain permits. Snippet
2014/04 There is no secondary school in Pochalla County. The main option for students seeking secondary education is to go to Ethiopia. Snippet
2014/04 Wau still does not have a proper power station, since 2011 when the old one collapsed. Costs of town electricity are very high. Snippet
2014/04 Aid agencies are helping government to eradicate Guinea Worm through a scheme of offering cash rewards to victims who report to treatment centres. The aid agencies concerned are Carter Centre, WHO, UNICEF and Rotary Club. Snippet 1763
2014/04/02 A newspaper distributor in Juba is beaten by police with a stick and hospitalized for several days, apparently due to infringing new restrictions on motorcycles. Snippet
2014/04 Government in Bor is providing hard currency to selected traders, apparently in order to bring more imported goods to the area. Snippet
2014/04 South Sudan is in the process of buying into the proposed Standard Gauge Railway (SGR) network project for East Africa (along with Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda), according to the project's Joint Technical Committee. This will entail a railway line between Kampala and Juba. Snippet
2014/04 Only 25 out of 105 pharmacies in Rumbek Central County are found to meet qualifying standards, when checked by the state health ministry. Snippet 1756
2014/04 Citizen TV, South Sudan's independent news television station, goes off air, citing the dangers for staff who have to go home after 10pm, and have experienced security force harassments and other threats. Snippet 1751
2014/04/01 A ban is imposed on motorcycles in Juba's main road. This is the road which links the presidential palace, the National Legislative Assembly, and other important public buildings. The ban is supposed to facilitate the movements of high government officials. Snippet 1750
2014/04 Körgulu people in Yei River County block teak company operations for two days, complaining that the local community is not getting fair benefits from the resource harvesting. Some are reportedly beaten up by employees of Gambo and Sons Timber Company. Snippet 1748
2014/03 People sheltering in the UN camp in Bor (and other places) lack access to secondary health care because it is unsafe for them to go to nearby government hospitals, and aid agencies lack the funding to provide this kind of care. Snippet
2014/03/24 CfC Stanbic Bank (which began operations in Juba in 2012) gives a donation of KSH 10m (about USD 115,000) to the Office of the President for helping internally displaced people. Snippet
2014/04/01 The website of Sudan Tribune is hacked, and a false report of Riek Machar's death is inserted, apparently as an April fool's joke. Snippet 1735
2014/04/01 Environment Minister Deng Deng Hoc Yai returns from UN environment conference in Japan, and warns of desertification if people continue to cut trees without replanting. He also hopes for a co-operation agreement with Japan on environment-friendly urban planning. Snippet
2014/04/01 President Kiir reportedly donates an ambulance to Kajo-Keji Civil Hospital. [The news item does not clarify whether this is a personal or official presidential gift.] Snippet
2014/03/31 The first official gold-mining exploration is being started in the three counties of Greater Kapoeta, by New Kush Exploration and Mining Limited together with the EES government. Snippet 1720
2014/03 WBGS Chamber of Commerce says vehicles moving from Juba to Wau must pay SSP 4,000 at road checkpoints. The police spokesperson says such 'taxation' is illegal. Snippet
2014/03 Health facilities in Abyei, including Agok hospital, are reportedly suffering 'terrible' shortages of basic supplies and equipment. Snippet 1711
2014/03/28 The WBGS Education Ministry announces changes to the school system in 2015: secondary schooling will be four years rather than three, and Arabic will no longer be used as a medium of instruction. Snippet
2014/03/27 UN OCHA says over a million people have fled their homes since mid-December: about 250,000 to neighbouring countries and 800,000 internally displaced. The UN has requested USD 1.3bn emergency funding before June 2014, of which only USD 315m has so far been met. Snippet
2014/03 South Sudan Civil Aviation Authority receives a donation from Turkey of equipment to help planes land safely at Juba airport. The equipment being used for the last few years has been 'faulty', according to the Director of Civil Aviation. Snippet
2014/03 A private company - Yei Water, Sanitation and Public Utility Company - is expecting to expand the underground piped water system in Yei town. (But the process suffers from delays in government demarcation of roads.) Snippet 1704
2014/03 The CES Ministry of Education has ruled that school students are examined on the South Sudan syllabus. This is a problem for students in three of the state's counties - including Yei River County - where the students have been using the Uganda syllabus. Snippet
2014/03 Famine is likely within five months unless enough food aid is positioned before the rains, says UN Special Representative Hilde F. Johnson. Securing relief food may require assistance from UNMISS, but implementation of the agreed increase in UNMISS troop numbers is 'very slow'. Snippet

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Reference Mini-review
Jérôme Tubiana, 2014/07/14. Bibliography item: Jérôme Tubiana (2014/07/14) "Civil Society and the South Sudan Crisis". (Article). International Crisis Group. [Article] International Crisis Group. Accessed online.

A 2,000-word article, which examines the problem of including civil society in current peace talks between GRSS and rebels in Addis Ababa. It sees such involvement as essential; civil society voice should not be left to a later dialogue/reconciliation process. But it argues that 'civil society' should mean more than organizations which are often influenced by donor funders and by ethnic politics. There should be: more emphasis on community and religious leaders; many representatives, to reduce risks of imbalance; and sensitivity to security risks arising for civil society representatives.

Alex de Waal, 2014/07/01. Bibliography item: Alex de Waal (2014/07/01) "Is South Sudan “the World’s Most Failed State?”". (Article). World Peace Foundation, Tufts University. [Article] World Peace Foundation, Tufts University. Accessed online.

Short article which points out that the Fragile States Index, like the Busan 'New Deal' on aid to fragile states, take formal governmental institutions very much at face value 'without explicitly addressing the political-economic structures that sustain non-institutional modes of governance in the first place'. Suggests that systems of corruption and patronage in South Sudan have been fostered by incentives created by international actors in such sectors as oil, security and aid.

Global Witness, 2014/06. Bibliography item: Global Witness (2014/06) "South Sudan: The call for a moratorium on new oil contracts". (Report). Global Witness. [Report] Global Witness. Accessed online.

This attractively-presented 8-page document argues that GRSS should stop making any more big deals with companies in the petroleum sector until it has finished enacting and implementing the legislation that is meant to regulate them. GRSS has not yet met the requirements of the 2012 Petroleum Act. The Petroleum Revenue Management Bill has long been awaiting signature in the President's office. Until these are in place, deals signed are unlikely to be very favourable for the South Sudanese people.

Michael Medley, 2014/05/22. Bibliography item: Michael Medley (2014/05/22) "May Awakening: South Sudan famine raises memories of 1998". (Article). African Arguments. [Article] African Arguments. Accessed online.

This 2,700-word article examines similaries and differences between the 1998 Bahr al-Ghazal famine and the (prospective) famine in 2014. It draws attention to the tendency of political-military events to distract timely attention from likely humanitarian needs, but also for a humanitarian agenda to disguise political-military agendas, interests and outcomes. It warns of the difficulty of controlling the dynamics of camps and relief distributions, and the near-inevitability that much of the relief will be stolen by armed groups and other powerful local actors.

Darren Bul, 2014/05/22. Bibliography item: Darren Bul (2014/05/22) "A Graduate of Jubocracy". (Article). PaanLuel Wël. [Article] PaanLuel Wël. Accessed online.

A nice little fable (probably true) about how young children get to see the government as intrinsically predatory.

Lual Magok, 2014/05/20. Bibliography item: Lual Magok (2014/05/20) "What is Government Programme toward Citizens who Stranded in UNMISS Camps". (Article). Nyamilepedia. [Article] Nyamilepedia. Accessed online.

This 1,300-word article, based on informal research in UNMISS camps in Juba, looks at why Nuer people still refuse to leave the camps. Besides stronger assurance of physical security, they need ways of recovering the homes, possessions and jobs, many of which have been taken over by others. The article lists ten measures which GRSS must take in order to exercise its duty of care and protection.

Chaloka Beyani, 2014/05/14. Bibliography item: Chaloka Beyani (2014/05/14) "Report of the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally displaced persons, Chaloka Beyani: Mission to South Sudan (Advance Unedited Version)". (Report). UN Human Rights Council. [Report] UN Human Rights Council. Accessed online.

The report finds a lack of 'adequate capacities and institutional preparedness to prevent and respond to internal displacement' both among government and international aid agencies. It makes many recommendations.

Charlton Doki, 2014/05/12. Bibliography item: Charlton Doki (2014/05/12) "South Sudan, Where Livestock Outnumbers People and the Environment Suffers". (Article). IRIN Humanitarian News and Analysis. [Article] IRIN Humanitarian News and Analysis. Accessed online.

This short article outlines some of the environmental risks posed by attitudes to livestock in South Sudan, and suggests that stronger government policies are needed to control this.

Salva Kiir Mayardit and Riek Machar Teny, 2014/05/09. Bibliography item: Salva Kiir Mayardit (2014/05/09) "Agreement to Resolve the Crisis in South Sudan". (Operating document). IGAD (Inter-Governmental Authority on Development). [Operating document] IGAD (Inter-Governmental Authority on Development). Accessed online.
Deng Mading Gatwech, 2014/05/05. Bibliography item: Deng Mading Gatwech (2014/05/05) "Geopolitics on Nile Water: Its Implications on S. Sudan Conflict". (Article). South Sudan News Agency. [Article] South Sudan News Agency. Accessed online.

Against a background of quickly-rising tensions between Egypt and Ethiopia over the latter's construction of its Grand Renaissance Dam, and recent indications of military aid from Egypt to GRSS, the author argues that Egypt may be seeking to use South Sudan for threatening or attacking the dam; a possibility which has serious implications for domestic and regional politics and security.

Pages

ACBF (2013-) South Sudan Capacity Building Project (SSCAP)
AWEPA (c2013-2014) South Sudan National Legislative Assembly (SSNLA) and Local Councils
China (2013-) Katire/Kineti hydro power project
DFID (2002-2010) Scholarship Programme for Sudanese Students
DFID (2004-2010) Support to SSAJ
DFID (2005-2010) Action Contre la Faim(ACF): Nutrition, Bentiu 2005
DFID (2005-2012) South Sudan Service Delivery
DFID (2007-2010) UNDP Threat & Risk Mapping & Analysis programme
DFID (2007-2012) Engage Civil Society in Criminal Law Reform CSCF410
DFID (2008-2010) Community security and arms control
DFID (2008-2010) Sudan HIV/AIDS sero-behavioural survey
DFID (2008-2011) UNICEF education project Abyei
DFID (2010-2014) Safety and Access to Justice Programme
Global Communities (c2013) Improving Market Potential for Returnees through Opportunities for Viable Economic development (IMPROVE)
Global Communities (c2013) Partnership Against Violence and Exploitation (PAVE)
Global Communities (pre-2013) Bold response initiatives to deter GBV in equatorial Sudan (BRIDGES)
Global Communities (pre-2013) Community livelihood improvement program for Southern Sudan (CLIPSS)
Global Communities (pre-2013) Southern Sudan radio distribution initiative (SSRDI)
Global Communities (pre-2013) Women’s empowerment to abate violence and exploitation (WEAVE)
IofC (2013-) South Sudan Initiative
MDG-F (2009-2012) Sustained peace for development: Conflict-prevention and peace-building in Sudan through targeted interventions in selected communities along the 1-1-1956 border
Norad (2005 - ) oil for development
Skills for South Sudan (2008 - ) Support to effective administrative and democratic governance in Southern Sudan (SEADGOSS)
UNDP (2007-2010) Crisis and Recovery Mapping and Analysis (CRMA)
UNESCO (2014-) Whitaker Peace and Development Initiative
USAID (2013-2016) PROGRESS (Project for Good Governance in the Republic of South Sudan)
USAID/Deloitte (2006-2012) Strengthening Institutional Structures in South Sudan
USAID/IFDC (2012-2013) Seeds for Development
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