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Date Snippet Page
2014/07/04 Jonglei state has cancelled its agreement with OCHA, the UN's humanitarian coordination agency, over dispute about relative quantities of food distributed in government- and rebel-held areas, says the state's information minister. Snippet: Jonglei state has cancelled its agreement with OCHA, the UN's hum....
2014/06/03 to 2014/06/04 Thousands of IDPs at Melijo (20km from Nimule, Magwi County) are reported in dire need of medical care and other assistance. The EES health minister says there is no IDP camp, but as citizens the people can access facilities in Mogali Payam and Nimule Town. (The IDPs from Jonglei were previously offered relocation to a different part of EES but refused.) However, UNHCR and Health Link South Sudan go ahead with a needs assessment and registration. Snippet: Thousands of IDPs at Melijo (20km from Nimule, Magwi County) are repor....
2014/05/31 to 2014/06/01 Hilde F. Johnson confirms that she will leave the post of Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General on 8th July, having completed three years in the post. The timing is also related to personal factors and the recent change in mandate of UNMISS. She insists not only that this is not bending to the recent GRSS-backed campaign against her and the UN, but that she would have carried on if the campaign had continued. Snippet: Hilde F. Johnson confirms that she will leave the post of Special Repr....
2014/05/28 The website of Radio Miraya (run by UNMISS) appears to have been discontinued. It started re-directing traffic to the UNMISS website. This may be due to the recent change in UNMISS's mandate. Snippet: The website of Radio Miraya (run by UNMISS) appears to have been disco....
2014/05/27 The UN Security Council renews the mandate of UNMISS (up to 30 November) and requests a sharper focus on protection of civilians, monitoring and investigation of human rights, and support for humanitarian assistance and ceasefire arrangements. Snippet: The UN Security Council renews the mandate of UNMISS (up to 30 Novembe....
2014/03 to 2014/05 Refugees in Maban County (Upper Nile) camps receive only 37 days worth of rations within a 90 day period. At least 2,000 of the 126,000 are forced to return to Sudan because of food shortages. The World Food Programme has the role of delivering the food. With the road from Gambella (Ethiopia) almost unusable in the rainy season, it has organized some airlifts and airdrops, but is also pursuing the cheaper alternative of barge transportation. Snippet: Refugees in Maban County (Upper Nile) camps receive only 37 days worth....
2014/05/20 A donor conference in Oslo on the crisis in South Sudan initially mobilizes USD 600 million in new pledges. Snippet: A donor conference in Oslo on the crisis in South Sudan initially mobi....
2014/05/16 The AU Commission of Enquiry on South Sudan takes an ‘initial position' on the prosecution of leaders accountable for atrocities. It is 'leaning towards the creation of a hybrid court along the lines of the Extraordinary African Chambers in Senegal', to be established jointly by the AU and UN. It takes this to be compatible with a recent call by the UN Secretary-General. Snippet: The AU Commission of Enquiry on South Sudan takes an ‘initial positi....
2014/05/12 The UN Secretary-General, speaking to the Security Council, backs the idea of a hybrid tribunal to try cases of atrocity during the rebellion in South Sudan. He also urges donor nations to support the 20th May donor conference in Oslo. Snippet: The UN Secretary-General, speaking to the Security Council, backs the ....
2014/05/09 Salva Kiir and Riek Machar sign a peace agreement in Addis Ababa. The agreement (proposed in outline by mediators from the Government of Ethiopia on behalf of IGAD and negotiated in detail by shuttling between the two leaders) involves a truce to take place within 24 hours, and the formation of a 'government of national unity'. It also pledges respect for humanitarian corridors and the UN. The Prime Minister of Ethiopia and the US State Secretary both call it a 'breakthrough' in the peace process. Snippet: Salva Kiir and Riek Machar sign a peace agreement in Addis Ababa. The ....
2014/05/08 UNMISS releases a landmark report on atrocities during the 2013/4 rebellion, which contends not only that war crimes have taken place but that these are systematic enough to indicate crimes against humanity. It recommends that if GRSS continues not to provide an adequate system of legal accountability then the international community should set up a hybrid or special tribunal. Snippet: UNMISS releases a landmark report on atrocities du....
2014/05/07 Food rations in refugee camps in Maban County (Upper Nile) are inadequate. UNHCR and WFP blames the fighting between GRSS and rebels for insecurity which hinders the transportation of supplies. Snippet: Food rations in refugee camps in Maban County (Upp....
2014/05/04 to 2014/05/07 At least 11,000 people cross to Ethiopia as refugees in three days following the SPLA's capture of Nasir from the SPLM/A-IO rebels, according to UNHCR. Snippet: At least 11,000 people cross to Ethiopia as refuge....
2014/05/06 UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon meets President Kiir in Juba. A GRSS press release states that Kiir commended the role played by Hilde Johnson as head of UNMISS and that GRSS is committed to the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement and the humanitarian Month of Tranquility in May. A 'top aide' of Kiir also says that Kiir agreed to the idea of forming an interim administration with Riek Machar and others, according to Sudan Tribune. Snippet: UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon meets President K....
2014/05/03 Salva Kiir and Riek Machar both showed lack of concern about the risk of famine, while prioritizing their personal power struggles, says the UN Human Rights Commissioner, reporting to a meeting of the Security Council after visiting both leaders in South Sudan. She warned the leaders that investigations will examine how far they and their colleagues 'either knew, should have known, or failed to take all necessary and reasonable measures to prevent war crimes and crimes against humanity'. She points out that UNMISS still lacks agreed funds and personnel which are 'desperately needed'. Snippet: Salva Kiir and Riek Machar both showed lack of con....
2014/04/29 The UN Secretary-General speaks by phone with President Kiir, stressing the need for an urgent end to fighting, prosecution of the perpetrators of atrocities, and urging him to call a halt to the negative campaign against UN staff. Snippet
2014/04/29 The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Special Envoy for the Prevention of Genocide meet rebel leader Riek Machar and receive assurances that he is investigating human rights violations among his forces, and is concerned about protection of civilians. But they seem to hint that the pressure of accountability for human rights violations will be reduced if peace is achieved. Snippet
2014/04/26 to 2014/04/27 A large defection of SPLA soldiers in Wau leads to fighting, and also to panic especially among Nuer citizens. The state government seeks to avert ethnic violence by mounting joint patrols. But about 700 flee to the UNMISS camp. One of the defecting generals explains that the action came because Nuer soldiers felt under threat from their Dinka colleagues especially after the recent defections and fighting in Mapel. Snippet 1874
2015/04/25 A press release from SPLM-in-Opposition denies its forces carried out targeted killings of civilians in Bentiu. It accuses GRSS and its allies in JEM of killing civilians before they left the town in order to frame the rebels. It also denies any official broadcasting of hate speech, while conceding that individuals might have expressed anger during talk shows. It accuses UNMISS of getting the story from GRSS and not investigating independently. Snippet 1870
2014/04/23 Information Minister Michael Makuei alleges that people were turned away from shelter in the UN base during the rebel capture of Bentiu the previous week; an allegation which is rebutted by UNMISS. Snippet
2014/04/21 UNMISS in Unity State (which now shelters 22,000 in its protection site) urgently needs reinforcements, but the Ghanaian battalion assigned there still has not arrived. Snippet
2014/04/15 to 2014/04/16 Over 200 civilians were murdered in Kali-Ballee Mosque and other places when rebels linked to SPLM-in-Opposition captured Bentiu, according to UNMISS investigations. The murder involved separation of different categories of people, largely on ethnic lines, but also targeting people who failed to show allegiance to the rebels. The UN vows that the killings will further investigate the atrocities and that 'perpetrators and their commanders shall be held accountable'. UNMISS managed to extract some other hundreds of people from the situation. Snippet 1839
2014/04/18 Kenya decides to increase its troop allocation to UNMISS, from 690 to 1,000. The soldiers are expected to be stationed in Wau. Snippet
2014/04/18 to 2014/04/20 Reactions to the recent attack on the Bor UN compound by local youth: *Jonglei governor John Kong Nyuon deplores it and vows that the state government will investigate and take measures against the perpetrators. *National information minister Michael Makuei, claims the attack was provoked when UNMISS forces fired warning shots. *President Kiir calls it an ‘irresponsible act by irresponsible people’. *UN Security Council expresses outrage and warns that such attacks against civilians and peacekeepers 'may constitute a war crime'. Snippet 1827
2014/04/17 At least 58 people are killed when local youth invade the UN compound and begin shooting at people sheltered there. UN peacekeepers fight back. There are reports that the attack was triggered when camp residents celebrated the fall of Bentiu to rebel forces. Snippet 1824
2014 UNFPA (UN Population Fund) supports 29 international midwives across the ten states, providing emergency obstetric care and kits for deliveries, in conjunction with IMC (International Medical Corps). Snippet 1817
2014/04/15 Employees of Safinat Caspian Oil Refining Company, building a refinery about 25km from Bentiu, come under attack (presumably by rebel forces) are extracted by UN peacekeepers to Bentiu. Five of them are wounded, two critically. Snippet
2014/04/12 A Call for Action on South Sudan is issued by representatives of the USA, EU and UN, meeting in Washington DC. It says the next three months are critical for averting a famine which could affect seven million people. It urges donors to provide USD 232m for the next three months. It also urges the warring parties to stop fighting and to respect international law. Snippet
2014/04/11 A 2014-2021 strategic health plan is launched by national and state health ministries at the end of a workshop in Nairobi. The planning process has been supported by USAID, WHO, PSI, Mentor initiative, and malaria control officials from other African countries. Snippet 1788
2014/04/09 MSF accuses UNMISS of 'shocking indifference' in not improving conditions for displaced people in Tomping (Tongpiny) camp, even though plans for their transfer to another site face difficulties. Snippet 1777
2014/04 Aid agencies are helping government to eradicate Guinea Worm through a scheme of offering cash rewards to victims who report to treatment centres. The aid agencies concerned are Carter Centre, WHO, UNICEF and Rotary Club. Snippet 1763
2014/04/02 A forum of political parties and civil society organizations is held in Rumbek, facilitated by UNMISS. Snippet 1757
2014/0404 UNMAS says that since starting work in South(ern) Sudan nine years ago it has cleared over a thousand square kilometres of land, and over 20,000 km of roads, besides dealing with other hazards. Snippet
2014/04/03 UNHCR is in disagreement with Sudan over the status of South Sudanese who have fled there during the recent crisis of rebellion. Khartoum says they are considered as Sudanese citizens, not refugees. UNHCR wants them labelled as refugees (and perhaps given camps to live in) largely to enable it to raise funds for them and supply aid and protection. Snippet 1738
2014/04/01 The UN Secretary-General meets GRSS ministers Awan Guol (Office of the President) and Barnaba Marial (Foreign Affairs) on the sidelines of the EU-Africa summit in Brussels. The UNSG stresses the importance of not harassing UN staff, and is encouraged by the message of commitment from GRSS. Snippet
2014/03/27 UN OCHA says over a million people have fled their homes since mid-December: about 250,000 to neighbouring countries and 800,000 internally displaced. The UN has requested USD 1.3bn emergency funding before June 2014, of which only USD 315m has so far been met. Snippet
2014/03 Representatives of the Maban community near Yousif Batil refugee camp (Maban County, Upper Nile) ask the government - through its Committee on Refugee Affairs - to lead a process to stabilize and resolve their conflict with the refugees. UNHCR is trying to help this process. Snippet
2014/03 Famine is likely within five months unless enough food aid is positioned before the rains, says UN Special Representative Hilde F. Johnson. Securing relief food may require assistance from UNMISS, but implementation of the agreed increase in UNMISS troop numbers is 'very slow'. Snippet
2014/03 Three years after eruption of fighting in Pibor area (Jonglei state), most schools remain closed. Currently the problem is not so much direct insecurity as indirect effects: limited availability of teachers, and difficulty getting ready to use the new South Sudan curriculum. Pibor County Commissioner hopes schools will open in April with the help of UNICEF. Snippet
2014/03/18 A water-piping system serving 30,000 people is handed over to Yirol County authorities. It was a project of UN-Habitat. A community resource centre by UNDP is also handed over. Snippet
2014/03/18 GRSS has orchestrated a 'negative campaign' against UNMISS, claims the UN Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations. The incident of wrongful land transportation of weapons was exploited for this campaign, but GRSS refused UNMISS's offer of a joint investigation. Snippet
2014/03/18 The focus of UNMISS is being changed, the UN Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations tells the Security Council. Until the crisis of rebellion is resolved, UNMISS will no longer seek to help extend the authority of the state, but take five other priorities: 'protecting civilians; facilitating humanitarian assistance; monitoring and reporting on human rights; preventing further inter-communal violence; and supporting the IGAD process as and when requested, and within available capabilities'. He requests the Council to raise the number of UNMISS soldiers to 12,500. Snippet
2014/03/17 The UN Security Council expresses grave concern about the security situation in Abyei, and demands that South Sudan and Sudan withdraw their security forces as they agreed in June 2011. Snippet
2014/03 A process of re-planning Juba kicks of with brainstorming exercises. The process is being managed by the Ministry of Lands, Housing and Physical Infrastructure with support from UN-Habitat. Snippet 1643
2013/03 A UNHCR protection officer warns that mental health may be a big problem among people displaced by recent violence, particularly the unusually large numbers of adult males who fled to UN camps, and those who have witnessed atrocities and intimidation. Snippet
2014/03/13 Transportation of aid supplies is suffering from “increased levels of harassment and irregular fees and taxes" according to OCHA. This seems to be linked to a general increase in tensions between the UN and GRSS in the context of the rebellion crisis. Snippet 1625
2014/03/14 About 700 workers in Malualbaai (Aweil East, NBGS) have not been paid their food-for-work, they say. They blame the payam administrator, who blames the RRC, WFP and the partner NGO for not delivering the food. Snippet
2014/03/14 UNV claims that members of Women Vision, a CBO it has helped set up in Koch County, have successfully persuaded 60 girls to return to school after dropping out. Women Vision also reportedly promotes womens' peacebuilding activities and peacebuilding. Snippet 1618
2014/03 Japan announces some details of its aid response to the crisis: USD 2.5m for mine action work through UNMAS and in association with the Japanese engineers in UNMISS; USD 1 million for the monitoring and verification mission; USD 0.5 million for AUHIP's work. Snippet 1616
2014/03 A press release from Rally for Peace and Democracy (RPD) expresses alarm at living conditions inside IDP camps run by the UN, claiming that children are dying daily. It also alleges that people in the camps have been shot at and killed by people on the outside as a result of government propaganda from the Information Minister and others that the camps are sheltering armed rebels. Snippet
2014/03 Much of the recent killing is driven by motives of ethnic-based revenge rather than political struggle, according to an UNMISS commander and a recent HRW report. Snippet
2014/03/10 At big youth rally attended by senior politicians in Juba, many call for the replacement of Hilde F. Johnson as UN Special Representative for a failure to maintain neutrality during the rebellion. Magel Ring Machar, chairperson of the Political Parties Youth Forum is applauded when calling for power to be contested by constitutional means, not rebellion. Snippet
2013/12/07 President Kiir meets UN Secretary-General on fringes of African Security Summit in Paris. They discuss the preparations for 2015 elections, security threats to UN staff and the Abyei problem. Snippet 1570
2014/03 UNMISS is setting up human rights clubs in girls' schools in Aweil. Snippet 1562
2014/03/06 Security officials in Lakes State find UN trucks apparently carrying weapons to rebel-controlled areas of Unity State. UNMISS admits that some weapons for the Ghanaian battalion in Bentiu were wrongly sent by road instead of air. Snippet 1546
2014/03/05 Five East African countries have agreed to take part in a protection and stabilization force in South Sudan, by arrangement with IGAD, the AU and the UN. The countries are: Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Djibouti and Burundi. Snippet 1542
2014/03/05 A new UNMISS IDP camp is announced for Tongpiny, to be built by the Zhonghao Overseas Construction Engineering Company Limited, with Chinese aid funding. Snippet 1541
2014/03/03 Police say crime has decreased in Juba due to intensified patrols, and with support from UN police. Last week seven police were tried for misconduct, and three dismissed. Snippet
2014/02/27 WFP estimates that 4,600 tonnes of relief food has been looted. Snippet
2014/03/03 Presidential spokesman says GRSS tapped a phone conversation from a top UN official saying that rebels would be assisted if they reached Juba. Snippet
2014/03/02 Nuer residents of the UNMISS camp in Bor say they cannot go out because Nuer who go out are killed. Snippet
2014/02 UNHCR has been trying to move refugees from Yida to other camps, as it considers Yida too close to the Sudan border, too militarized, and too big. But refugee groups are opposing this, and alleging undue pressure. Snippet
2014/02 Diplaced people at UNMISS Tongping (Juba) base are refusing to leave despite poor camp conditions, as they still fear for their safety since the 2013/14 rebellion. Snippet 1495
2014/02/27 Part of a contingent of 250 Ghanaian troops arrived to reinforce the Mongolian UNMISS battalion in Bentiu. Snippet 1490
2014/02 A school has been set up for young inmates in Yambio central prison, with the help of UNMISS. Snippet
2014/02 GIZ is supporting P4P (Purchase for Progress) a scheme in which South Sudanese farmers are trained and organized to sell food to WFP more effectively. Snippet
2014/02 UNMISS South Korean and Indian contingents are providing emergency medical services for conflict-affected people in and around Bor town. Snippet 1457
2014/02/21 US expresses full support for the work of UNMISS, and calls threats and attacks against UNMISS compounds unacceptable. Snippet
2014/02/21 UNMISS report to UN Security Council says 'gross violations of human rights were committed' by people linked to both GOSS and rebels since 15 December 2013. Snippet 1442
2014/01 GOSS information minister Michael Makuei accuses UNMISS of sheltering rebels in Bor after its re-capture by the SPLA. The UN Secretary-General expresses alarm that senior members of GOSS and SPLA tried to force entry to the UNMISS civilian protection site at Bor, and threatened UN staff. Snippet 1394
2014/02/14 UNSC condemns alleged attack by SPLA in northern Abyei on 3rd February. Demands that both Sudan and South Sudan pull their forces out of Diffra. Snippet
2014/02/13 Warring parties in South Kordofan and Blue Nile - GOS and SPLM-N - resume peace talks in Addis Ababa brokered by AUHIP and urged on by AU and UNSC. Snippet
2014/02 to 2014/03 A peace dialogue is held in Tonj South between Apuk-Jurwiir and Thony communities, initiated by Warrap State government. A further dialogue is held in mid-March with support from UNMISS. Snippet 1377
2013/09 The ministry of education, UNESCO and Save the Children do not seem to be monitoring progress in illiteracy eradication. Their joint press release for World Literacy Day (8th September) quotes a literacy rate of 27% as 'current'. This is a figure given in the South Sudan Yearbook 2010 (p.48) on the basis of a survey in 2009. Snippet
2013/09 to 2013/10 20 CAHWs (community animal health workers) of Torit County (Eastern Equatoria State) are given a week's training, focussing on the problem East Coast Fever. The training is supported by Japan through the FAO. Snippet 1278
2013/10/03 UNMISS announces that it is running a one-year training programme for cadets of the NPSSS (National Prisons Service of South Sudan). It will take place in the newly established Prisons Service Academy at Lologo, Juba. Snippet
2013/09/29 The UNMISS co-ordinator for Eastern Equatoria State announces that UNMISS (Japanese engineer contingent) will implement repairs of bridges and drainage points on the Juba-Torit road, because of their very poor condition at present. The government of EES had previously appealed to donors to help with roads in the state, with little response. The national ministry of roads had agreed a USD 360 million project with the World Bank for the Nisit- Nadapal highway, of which USD has been disbursed. Last Oct, GOSS was also in discussion with Kenya for a USD 1 billion road upgrade from Eldoret to Juba. Snippet
2013/09 A local MP in Pigi County alleges that 13,000 sacks of dura, WFP food aid intended as food for work in Khorfulus and Atar Payams, was wrongly sold in the market by county officials. This seems to be related to the sacking of the RRC coordinator by the County Commissioner. Snippet 1219
2013/09/26 Immigration officers of the South Sudan Police Service receive training from The European Union Aviation Security Mission in South Sudan (EUAVSEC)/UNMISS. Snippet
2013/08 Acting Jonglei State governor, Hussein Maar, arranges with UNMISS (South Korean engineering unit) to help building dykes against flooding in Bor area. Snippet 1204
2013/08/23 UN Security Council issues a statement on Jonglei violence, calling for humanitarian access and investigation and accountability for attacks on civilians and UNMISS. Snippet 1202
2013/08/23 UN Security Council discusses Sudan and South Sudan, particularly the issues of Abyei, determination of the Safe Demilitarized Border Zone centre line, and Sudan's conflict with SPLM-N in South Kordofan. Snippet 1201
2013/08 UNMISS/UNPOL announce their support for an extraordinary Police Leadership Council meeting in Wau for three days, to map the way forward for the National Police Service, following up the last PLC meeting in Rejaf in April. Snippet 1144
2013/08/09 UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon talks on phone with President Kiir. Subjects discussed are reported to include the new cabinet, the situation in Jonglei, protection of citizens (including against abuses by the SPLA) and Sudan's extended deadline for shutting down the oil pipeline. Snippet 1127
2012/02 to 2012/03 The prevalence of HIV in the SPLA is estimated at 'over four percent'. UNFPA distributes condoms to the SPLA to help it reduce HIV infection. Snippet 964
2013/04/09 UN convoy is attacked in Jonglei, killing 12 including five Indian peacekeepers and five employees of a company drilling wells for the UN, four of whom were Kenyans. SPLM attributes attack to Yauyau, but UN has not [yet] conclusively identified the attackers. Snippet 834
2013/02 UNMISS holds training in Wau for fighting HIV/AIDS. Snippet 690
2013/02 The Mongolian president, Tsakhiagiin Elbegdor, becomes the first Asian leader to visit South Sudan. Mongolia provides many of the UNMISS soldiers. Snippet 675
2012/02 A protection unit is established within SSRRC, funded by UNHCR. (SCRN, 15 February 2013) Snippet 672
2013/01 UNHAS (UN Humanitarian Air Services, run by WFP) says it will cease operation, due to lack of donor funds. The NGO forum expresses concern. (Waakhe Simon Wudu/Gurtong, 30 January 2013) Snippet 631
2013/01 A national mother-child health assessment survey is launched by the Ministry of Health, with support from UNFPA and CIDA. Data collection is due to be finished by March. (SCRN, 29 January 2013) Snippet 628
2013/01 It is estimated that Yida refugee camp currently contains 61,000 people who have fled fighting in Southern Kordofan, and about 300 arriving daily (Sudan Tribune citing UNHCR, 31 January 2013) Snippet 617
2012/09 Sep 2012: UNESCO receives $500k for its SS operations from Ebay founder, but pledges are slow to be converted into real money (Gurtong 11 Sep) Snippet 574
2012/09 Sep 2012: UNESCO pledges $500k for education, especially eradication of illiteracy Snippet 573
2012/09 Sep 2012: SS customary law centre is opened under Justice Ministry with support of UNDP and DFAIT (Canada) (ST 8 Sep) Snippet 572
2012/08 PLAN catalyzes setting-up of small agriculture businesses (e.g. Lulu in Magwi County) funded by UNICEF “Small Medium Business Capacity Building” (CRN 25 Aug 2012) Snippet 567
2012 Kush Land Education Project. Runs computer competence training with support from UNESCO (GOSS website 12 Oct 2012) Snippet 565
2012 Japan is reportedly giving $37m aid (“immediate needs”) to S Sudan in 2012, including 5.4m to IOM for migration and border management work (CRN 21 Aug 2012) JICA also to support TV and radio - $6.4m (CRN 23 Aug 2012, Miraya 23 Aug 2012) $1m for a peri-urban road in Juba, (JICO linked with UNMISS) (Gurtong 11 Oct) Snippet 562
2012/08 In Aug 2012 ACTED was facilitating community-led total sanitation (CLTS) drive with GOSS and UNICEF (ST 18 Aug) Snippet 539
Reference Mini-review
Lual Magok, 2014/05/20. Bibliography item: Lual Magok (2014/05/20) "What is Government Programme toward Citizens who Stranded in UNMISS Camps". (Article). Nyamilepedia. [Article] Nyamilepedia. Accessed online.

This 1,300-word article, based on informal research in UNMISS camps in Juba, looks at why Nuer people still refuse to leave the camps. Besides stronger assurance of physical security, they need ways of recovering the homes, possessions and jobs, many of which have been taken over by others. The article lists ten measures which GRSS must take in order to exercise its duty of care and protection.

Eric Reeves, 2014/05/11. Bibliography item: Eric Reeves (2014/05/11) "Cease-fire in South Sudan falters". (Article). Sudan Tribune. [Article] Sudan Tribune. Accessed online.

Short article in which Reeves contends that the ceasefire agreed by Salva Kiir and Riek Machar on 9th May is already falling apart, and 'never had a chance', due to the weakness of the monitoring bodies and failure of Western nations to strengthen them on time.

UNMISS, 2014/05/08. Bibliography item: UNMISS (2014/05/08) "Conflict in South Sudan: A Human Rights Report". (Report). United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan. [Report] United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan. Accessed online.

This report is an important landmark in the progress of investigation and accountability for atrocities during the 2013/14 rebellion. It provides the most detailed and comprehensive view so far of these. While acknowledging that it does not yet meet the level required for prosecutions, it strongly makes the case not only that war crimes have taken place, but that these are systematic enough to indicate crimes against humanity. The RSS law system should be strengthened to deal with these cases and if GRSS does not provide this then a special or hybrid international tribunal should be formed.

Daniel van Oudenaren, 2014/05. Bibliography item: Daniel van Oudenaren (2014/05) "Peacekeeping under attack in South Sudan". (Article). Radio Tamazuj. [Article] Radio Tamazuj. Accessed online., Accessed online.

This three-part article is more gripping and incisive than its title suggests. It argues that UNMISS could and should have adopted a less cautious and defensive strategy. After the debacle of Akobo on 19 December, when some of its soldiers were captured and two killed, it focussed on protecting its own bases and the civilians sheltering there when atrocities were happening nearby. It's public statements seem to have been subdued in the face of intimidation by GRSS.

International Crisis Group, 2014/04/10. South Sudan: A civil war by any other name [Report] International Crisis Group. Accessed online.

47-page report. Narrates the origins and early consequences of the December 2015 rebellion. Recommends inclusion of all stakeholders (including civil society representatives) in the peace process rather than pursuing a short-term fix among elites. More distinctively, the report highlights the inconsistency in UNMISS's mandate and practice: supporting GRSS functions in some areas but claiming neutrality as between the forces of GRSS and rebels in other places. The report contends that the mandate should be clearly consolidated and communicated around the neutral role.

Tongun Lo Loyuong, 2014/03/20. Making sense of the surge in anti-western sentiments in South Sudan [Article] Radio Tamazuj. Accessed online.

This article, by a US-based South Sudanese policy analyst, argues that recent public criticisms and demonstrations against UNMISS and Western actors in South Sudan are orchestrated by GRSS as 'a defensive political ploy meant to discredit these actors and their subsequent indictments as a “colonial agenda,” “politically motivated” and so on....The fear and paranoia from the impending international justice and accountability for the tens of thousands of lives lost in this violent conflict can...be negotiated and a compromise win-win solution for all can be reached in the roundtable'.

Elena Balatti, 2014/03/07. Malakal: An Eye-Witness Diary [Article] Gurtong. Accessed online.

Valuable testimony by a nun, which helps one visualise more clearly what happened in Malakal during in early 2014.

Ban Ki-Moon, 2014/03/06. Report of the Secretary-General on South Sudan [Report] United Nations Security Council. Accessed online.

Covering the period from 2013/11/08 to 2014/03/06, the report narrates the rebellion, its humanitarian effects, and the actions of UNMISS. It blames South Sudan's leaders collectively for letting power struggles 'spiral out of control' and envisages a need for 'fundamental systemic reform' in the country.

Hilde F. Johnson, 2014/03/06. The UN in South Sudan: impartial, unwavering and committed [Article] Sudan Tribune. Accessed online.

The head of the UN in South Sudan presents the case for the value of UN (especially UNMISS) presence and actions during the violence of the recent displacement. She dismisses some accusations of government officials suggesting complicity with the rebels as 'baseless' and 'misrepresentations of our role'. She promises a comprehensive human rights report at the end of April.

UNMISS Human Rights Division, 2014/02/21. Interim report on human rights: Crisis in South Sudan: Report coverage 15 December 2013 - 31 January 2014 [Report] United Nations. Accessed online.

Lays out a general narrative of the first month and a half of the rebellion, with a focus on major areas of reported human rights violation. While confidently stating that atrocities were committed by people linked to both GRSS and the rebels, it acknowledges that the details of most incidents still need further investigation, and lays out a roadmap for this.

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