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Date Snippet Page
2014/05/31 to 2014/06/01 Hilde F. Johnson confirms that she will leave the post of Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General on 8th July, having completed three years in the post. The timing is also related to personal factors and the recent change in mandate of UNMISS. She insists not only that this is not bending to the recent GRSS-backed campaign against her and the UN, but that she would have carried on if the campaign had continued. Snippet: Hilde F. Johnson confirms that she will leave the post of Special Repr....
2014/05/28 The website of Radio Miraya (run by UNMISS) appears to have been discontinued. It started re-directing traffic to the UNMISS website. This may be due to the recent change in UNMISS's mandate. Snippet: The website of Radio Miraya (run by UNMISS) appears to have been disco....
2014/05/27 The UN Security Council renews the mandate of UNMISS (up to 30 November) and requests a sharper focus on protection of civilians, monitoring and investigation of human rights, and support for humanitarian assistance and ceasefire arrangements. Snippet: The UN Security Council renews the mandate of UNMISS (up to 30 Novembe....
2014/05/08 UNMISS releases a landmark report on atrocities during the 2013/4 rebellion, which contends not only that war crimes have taken place but that these are systematic enough to indicate crimes against humanity. It recommends that if GRSS continues not to provide an adequate system of legal accountability then the international community should set up a hybrid or special tribunal. Snippet: UNMISS releases a landmark report on atrocities du....
2014/05/06 UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon meets President Kiir in Juba. A GRSS press release states that Kiir commended the role played by Hilde Johnson as head of UNMISS and that GRSS is committed to the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement and the humanitarian Month of Tranquility in May. A 'top aide' of Kiir also says that Kiir agreed to the idea of forming an interim administration with Riek Machar and others, according to Sudan Tribune. Snippet: UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon meets President K....
2014/05/03 Salva Kiir and Riek Machar both showed lack of concern about the risk of famine, while prioritizing their personal power struggles, says the UN Human Rights Commissioner, reporting to a meeting of the Security Council after visiting both leaders in South Sudan. She warned the leaders that investigations will examine how far they and their colleagues 'either knew, should have known, or failed to take all necessary and reasonable measures to prevent war crimes and crimes against humanity'. She points out that UNMISS still lacks agreed funds and personnel which are 'desperately needed'. Snippet: Salva Kiir and Riek Machar both showed lack of con....
2014/04/29 The UN Secretary-General speaks by phone with President Kiir, stressing the need for an urgent end to fighting, prosecution of the perpetrators of atrocities, and urging him to call a halt to the negative campaign against UN staff. Snippet
2014/04/26 to 2014/04/27 A large defection of SPLA soldiers in Wau leads to fighting, and also to panic especially among Nuer citizens. The state government seeks to avert ethnic violence by mounting joint patrols. But about 700 flee to the UNMISS camp. One of the defecting generals explains that the action came because Nuer soldiers felt under threat from their Dinka colleagues especially after the recent defections and fighting in Mapel. Snippet 1874
2015/04/25 A press release from SPLM-in-Opposition denies its forces carried out targeted killings of civilians in Bentiu. It accuses GRSS and its allies in JEM of killing civilians before they left the town in order to frame the rebels. It also denies any official broadcasting of hate speech, while conceding that individuals might have expressed anger during talk shows. It accuses UNMISS of getting the story from GRSS and not investigating independently. Snippet 1870
2014/04/23 Information Minister Michael Makuei alleges that people were turned away from shelter in the UN base during the rebel capture of Bentiu the previous week; an allegation which is rebutted by UNMISS. Snippet
2014/04/21 UNMISS in Unity State (which now shelters 22,000 in its protection site) urgently needs reinforcements, but the Ghanaian battalion assigned there still has not arrived. Snippet
2014/04/15 to 2014/04/16 Over 200 civilians were murdered in Kali-Ballee Mosque and other places when rebels linked to SPLM-in-Opposition captured Bentiu, according to UNMISS investigations. The murder involved separation of different categories of people, largely on ethnic lines, but also targeting people who failed to show allegiance to the rebels. The UN vows that the killings will further investigate the atrocities and that 'perpetrators and their commanders shall be held accountable'. UNMISS managed to extract some other hundreds of people from the situation. Snippet 1839
2014/04/18 Kenya decides to increase its troop allocation to UNMISS, from 690 to 1,000. The soldiers are expected to be stationed in Wau. Snippet
2014/04/18 to 2014/04/20 Reactions to the recent attack on the Bor UN compound by local youth: *Jonglei governor John Kong Nyuon deplores it and vows that the state government will investigate and take measures against the perpetrators. *National information minister Michael Makuei, claims the attack was provoked when UNMISS forces fired warning shots. *President Kiir calls it an ‘irresponsible act by irresponsible people’. *UN Security Council expresses outrage and warns that such attacks against civilians and peacekeepers 'may constitute a war crime'. Snippet 1827
2014/04/17 At least 58 people are killed when local youth invade the UN compound and begin shooting at people sheltered there. UN peacekeepers fight back. There are reports that the attack was triggered when camp residents celebrated the fall of Bentiu to rebel forces. Snippet 1824
2014/04/15 Employees of Safinat Caspian Oil Refining Company, building a refinery about 25km from Bentiu, come under attack (presumably by rebel forces) are extracted by UN peacekeepers to Bentiu. Five of them are wounded, two critically. Snippet
2014/04/09 MSF accuses UNMISS of 'shocking indifference' in not improving conditions for displaced people in Tomping (Tongpiny) camp, even though plans for their transfer to another site face difficulties. Snippet 1777
2014/04/02 A forum of political parties and civil society organizations is held in Rumbek, facilitated by UNMISS. Snippet 1757
2014/04/01 The UN Secretary-General meets GRSS ministers Awan Guol (Office of the President) and Barnaba Marial (Foreign Affairs) on the sidelines of the EU-Africa summit in Brussels. The UNSG stresses the importance of not harassing UN staff, and is encouraged by the message of commitment from GRSS. Snippet
2014/03 Famine is likely within five months unless enough food aid is positioned before the rains, says UN Special Representative Hilde F. Johnson. Securing relief food may require assistance from UNMISS, but implementation of the agreed increase in UNMISS troop numbers is 'very slow'. Snippet
2014/03/18 GRSS has orchestrated a 'negative campaign' against UNMISS, claims the UN Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations. The incident of wrongful land transportation of weapons was exploited for this campaign, but GRSS refused UNMISS's offer of a joint investigation. Snippet
2014/03/18 The focus of UNMISS is being changed, the UN Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations tells the Security Council. Until the crisis of rebellion is resolved, UNMISS will no longer seek to help extend the authority of the state, but take five other priorities: 'protecting civilians; facilitating humanitarian assistance; monitoring and reporting on human rights; preventing further inter-communal violence; and supporting the IGAD process as and when requested, and within available capabilities'. He requests the Council to raise the number of UNMISS soldiers to 12,500. Snippet
2014/03 Japan announces some details of its aid response to the crisis: USD 2.5m for mine action work through UNMAS and in association with the Japanese engineers in UNMISS; USD 1 million for the monitoring and verification mission; USD 0.5 million for AUHIP's work. Snippet 1616
2014/03 A press release from Rally for Peace and Democracy (RPD) expresses alarm at living conditions inside IDP camps run by the UN, claiming that children are dying daily. It also alleges that people in the camps have been shot at and killed by people on the outside as a result of government propaganda from the Information Minister and others that the camps are sheltering armed rebels. Snippet
2014/03 Much of the recent killing is driven by motives of ethnic-based revenge rather than political struggle, according to an UNMISS commander and a recent HRW report. Snippet
2014/03 UNMISS is setting up human rights clubs in girls' schools in Aweil. Snippet 1562
2014/03/06 Security officials in Lakes State find UN trucks apparently carrying weapons to rebel-controlled areas of Unity State. UNMISS admits that some weapons for the Ghanaian battalion in Bentiu were wrongly sent by road instead of air. Snippet 1546
2014/03/05 A new UNMISS IDP camp is announced for Tongpiny, to be built by the Zhonghao Overseas Construction Engineering Company Limited, with Chinese aid funding. Snippet 1541
2014/03/02 Nuer residents of the UNMISS camp in Bor say they cannot go out because Nuer who go out are killed. Snippet
2014/02 Diplaced people at UNMISS Tongping (Juba) base are refusing to leave despite poor camp conditions, as they still fear for their safety since the 2013/14 rebellion. Snippet 1495
2014/02/27 Part of a contingent of 250 Ghanaian troops arrived to reinforce the Mongolian UNMISS battalion in Bentiu. Snippet 1490
2014/02 A school has been set up for young inmates in Yambio central prison, with the help of UNMISS. Snippet
2014/02 UNMISS South Korean and Indian contingents are providing emergency medical services for conflict-affected people in and around Bor town. Snippet 1457
2014/02/21 US expresses full support for the work of UNMISS, and calls threats and attacks against UNMISS compounds unacceptable. Snippet
2014/02/21 UNMISS report to UN Security Council says 'gross violations of human rights were committed' by people linked to both GOSS and rebels since 15 December 2013. Snippet 1442
2014/01 GOSS information minister Michael Makuei accuses UNMISS of sheltering rebels in Bor after its re-capture by the SPLA. The UN Secretary-General expresses alarm that senior members of GOSS and SPLA tried to force entry to the UNMISS civilian protection site at Bor, and threatened UN staff. Snippet 1394
2014/02 to 2014/03 A peace dialogue is held in Tonj South between Apuk-Jurwiir and Thony communities, initiated by Warrap State government. A further dialogue is held in mid-March with support from UNMISS. Snippet 1377
2013/10/03 UNMISS announces that it is running a one-year training programme for cadets of the NPSSS (National Prisons Service of South Sudan). It will take place in the newly established Prisons Service Academy at Lologo, Juba. Snippet
2013/09/29 The UNMISS co-ordinator for Eastern Equatoria State announces that UNMISS (Japanese engineer contingent) will implement repairs of bridges and drainage points on the Juba-Torit road, because of their very poor condition at present. The government of EES had previously appealed to donors to help with roads in the state, with little response. The national ministry of roads had agreed a USD 360 million project with the World Bank for the Nisit- Nadapal highway, of which USD has been disbursed. Last Oct, GOSS was also in discussion with Kenya for a USD 1 billion road upgrade from Eldoret to Juba. Snippet
2013/09/26 Immigration officers of the South Sudan Police Service receive training from The European Union Aviation Security Mission in South Sudan (EUAVSEC)/UNMISS. Snippet
2013/08 Acting Jonglei State governor, Hussein Maar, arranges with UNMISS (South Korean engineering unit) to help building dykes against flooding in Bor area. Snippet 1204
2013/08/23 UN Security Council issues a statement on Jonglei violence, calling for humanitarian access and investigation and accountability for attacks on civilians and UNMISS. Snippet 1202
2013/04/09 UN convoy is attacked in Jonglei, killing 12 including five Indian peacekeepers and five employees of a company drilling wells for the UN, four of whom were Kenyans. SPLM attributes attack to Yauyau, but UN has not [yet] conclusively identified the attackers. Snippet 834
2013/02 UNMISS holds training in Wau for fighting HIV/AIDS. Snippet 690
2013/02 The Mongolian president, Tsakhiagiin Elbegdor, becomes the first Asian leader to visit South Sudan. Mongolia provides many of the UNMISS soldiers. Snippet 675
2012 Japan is reportedly giving $37m aid (“immediate needs”) to S Sudan in 2012, including 5.4m to IOM for migration and border management work (CRN 21 Aug 2012) JICA also to support TV and radio - $6.4m (CRN 23 Aug 2012, Miraya 23 Aug 2012) $1m for a peri-urban road in Juba, (JICO linked with UNMISS) (Gurtong 11 Oct) Snippet 562
Reference Mini-review
Lual Magok, 2014/05/20. Bibliography item: Lual Magok (2014/05/20) "What is Government Programme toward Citizens who Stranded in UNMISS Camps". (Article). Nyamilepedia. [Article] Nyamilepedia. Accessed online.

This 1,300-word article, based on informal research in UNMISS camps in Juba, looks at why Nuer people still refuse to leave the camps. Besides stronger assurance of physical security, they need ways of recovering the homes, possessions and jobs, many of which have been taken over by others. The article lists ten measures which GRSS must take in order to exercise its duty of care and protection.

Eric Reeves, 2014/05/11. Bibliography item: Eric Reeves (2014/05/11) "Cease-fire in South Sudan falters". (Article). Sudan Tribune. [Article] Sudan Tribune. Accessed online.

Short article in which Reeves contends that the ceasefire agreed by Salva Kiir and Riek Machar on 9th May is already falling apart, and 'never had a chance', due to the weakness of the monitoring bodies and failure of Western nations to strengthen them on time.

UNMISS, 2014/05/08. Bibliography item: UNMISS (2014/05/08) "Conflict in South Sudan: A Human Rights Report". (Report). United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan. [Report] United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan. Accessed online.

This report is an important landmark in the progress of investigation and accountability for atrocities during the 2013/14 rebellion. It provides the most detailed and comprehensive view so far of these. While acknowledging that it does not yet meet the level required for prosecutions, it strongly makes the case not only that war crimes have taken place, but that these are systematic enough to indicate crimes against humanity. The RSS law system should be strengthened to deal with these cases and if GRSS does not provide this then a special or hybrid international tribunal should be formed.

Daniel van Oudenaren, 2014/05. Bibliography item: Daniel van Oudenaren (2014/05) "Peacekeeping under attack in South Sudan". (Article). Radio Tamazuj. [Article] Radio Tamazuj. Accessed online., Accessed online.

This three-part article is more gripping and incisive than its title suggests. It argues that UNMISS could and should have adopted a less cautious and defensive strategy. After the debacle of Akobo on 19 December, when some of its soldiers were captured and two killed, it focussed on protecting its own bases and the civilians sheltering there when atrocities were happening nearby. It's public statements seem to have been subdued in the face of intimidation by GRSS.

International Crisis Group, 2014/04/10. South Sudan: A civil war by any other name [Report] International Crisis Group. Accessed online.

47-page report. Narrates the origins and early consequences of the December 2015 rebellion. Recommends inclusion of all stakeholders (including civil society representatives) in the peace process rather than pursuing a short-term fix among elites. More distinctively, the report highlights the inconsistency in UNMISS's mandate and practice: supporting GRSS functions in some areas but claiming neutrality as between the forces of GRSS and rebels in other places. The report contends that the mandate should be clearly consolidated and communicated around the neutral role.

Tongun Lo Loyuong, 2014/03/20. Making sense of the surge in anti-western sentiments in South Sudan [Article] Radio Tamazuj. Accessed online.

This article, by a US-based South Sudanese policy analyst, argues that recent public criticisms and demonstrations against UNMISS and Western actors in South Sudan are orchestrated by GRSS as 'a defensive political ploy meant to discredit these actors and their subsequent indictments as a “colonial agenda,” “politically motivated” and so on....The fear and paranoia from the impending international justice and accountability for the tens of thousands of lives lost in this violent conflict negotiated and a compromise win-win solution for all can be reached in the roundtable'.

Elena Balatti, 2014/03/07. Malakal: An Eye-Witness Diary [Article] Gurtong. Accessed online.

Valuable testimony by a nun, which helps one visualise more clearly what happened in Malakal during in early 2014.

Hilde F. Johnson, 2014/03/06. The UN in South Sudan: impartial, unwavering and committed [Article] Sudan Tribune. Accessed online.

The head of the UN in South Sudan presents the case for the value of UN (especially UNMISS) presence and actions during the violence of the recent displacement. She dismisses some accusations of government officials suggesting complicity with the rebels as 'baseless' and 'misrepresentations of our role'. She promises a comprehensive human rights report at the end of April.

UNMISS Human Rights Division, 2014/02/21. Interim report on human rights: Crisis in South Sudan: Report coverage 15 December 2013 - 31 January 2014 [Report] United Nations. Accessed online.

Lays out a general narrative of the first month and a half of the rebellion, with a focus on major areas of reported human rights violation. While confidently stating that atrocities were committed by people linked to both GRSS and the rebels, it acknowledges that the details of most incidents still need further investigation, and lays out a roadmap for this.

David K. Deng, 2013/03. Challenges of accountability: an assessment of dispute resolution processes in rural South Sudan [Report] South Sudan Law Society; PACT. Accessed online.

This important report observes that the government has tackled inter-communal violence through blanket amnesties, peace conferences and harsh military institutions, but argues that there should be more emphasis on prosecutions through the law and order system. But this needs more resources for wider and more consistent coverage, a system of legal aid, clarification of the role of paralegals; new legislation on family law and gender-based violence; and more support for military justice services. There are also helpful recommendations for law institutions, UNMISS and donors.


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